Map: Who's making the most out of parking?

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A survey of English councils has revealed that some are continuing to make huge cash surpluses from parking charges.

The study for the RAC foundation is based on annual returns to the Department for Communities and Local Government, and includes revenue from on-street parking permits, off-street charges and parking penalties for 2012-2013.

These are offset against the cost of running parking operations, leaving some councils with a deficit.

Not all councils made a large surplus, but only 15% reported a deficit.

MAP: Councils with surpluses and deficits across England
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Local Authority Surplus / deficit (£ thousand) Ranking

Westminster

39705

1

Kensington & Chelsea

30437

2

Camden

23531

3

Hammersmith & Fulham

19395

4

Brighton & Hove

16254

5

Wandsworth

15887

6

Lambeth

12004

7

City of Nottingham

11791

8

Manchester

8776

9

Islington

8216

10

Newham

8163

11

Cornwall

8078

12

Hackney

7756

13

Tower Hamlets

7000

14

Birmingham

6869

15

Merton L

6868

16

Milton Keynes

6668

17

Harrow

6485

18

Hounslow

6407

19

Newcastle upon Tyne

6275

20

Guildford

6266

21

Leeds

6244

22

Richmond upon Thames

6108

23

Bromley

5685

24

Kingston upon Thames

5651

25

Bath & North East Somerset

5348

26

Haringey

5213

27

York

5125

28

Lewisham

4886

29

Cambridge

4693

30

Wiltshire

4670

31

Oxford

4560

32

Bristol

4222

33

Ealing

4189

34

Redbridge

4038

35

City of London

3793

36

Exeter

3645

37

Winchester

3635

38

Woking

3611

39

Southampton

3420

40

Torbay

3348

41

Liverpool

3325

42

Chelmsford

3284

43

Tunbridge Wells

3170

44

Enfield

3166

45

Chichester

3137

46

Southend-on-Sea

3126

47

Scarborough

3119

48

Plymouth

2983

49

The Medway Towns

2917

50

Blackpool

2905

51

King's Lynn & West Norfolk

2785

52

Canterbury

2729

53

Norwich

2722

54

Brent

2666

55

Bradford

2629

56

Windsor & Maidenhead

2604

57

Croydon

2580

58

St Edmundsbury

2476

59

South Lakeland

2452

60

Waverley

2382

61

Poole

2373

62

Leicester City

2362

63

Cheltenham

2355

64

Shropshire

2334

65

Isle of Wight

2308

66

Lincoln

2308

66

Barking & Dagenham

2261

68

Taunton Deane

2255

69

Waltham Forest

2174

70

Greenwich

2161

71

Swindon

2135

72

Bournemouth

2118

73

Reading

2114

74

Worcester

2073

75

Cheshire East

2072

76

Daventry

2034

77

Rushmoor

1974

78

Peterborough

1934

79

Stevenage

1916

80

Kingston upon Hull

1906

81

Harrogate

1839

82

Bexley

1795

83

Teignbridge

1789

84

Portsmouth

1770

85

East Devon

1740

86

Epsom & Ewell

1739

87

Colchester

1725

88

Sutton

1707

89

Christchurch

1682

90

Solihull

1678

91

Eastleigh

1674

92

Sheffield

1649

93

South Hams

1643

94

Southwark

1637

95

North Devon

1619

96

Gloucestershire

1573

97

Herefordshire

1563

98

Cotswold

1531

99

Northampton

1530

100

Lancaster

1528

101

Horsham

1516

102

Kirklees

1493

103

Wychavon

1489

104

Oxfordshire

1488

105

Sevenoaks

1473

106

Darlington

1468

107

Weymouth & Portland

1461

108

North Norfolk

1437

109

Derbyshire Dales

1426

110

Stockport

1413

111

East Lindsey

1409

112

Sefton

1405

113

Hillingdon

1365

114

North Tyneside

1341

115

West Berkshire

1319

116

Maidstone

1304

117

Warwick

1300

118

St Albans

1274

119

Cherwell

1254

120

Fareham

1234

121

West Dorset

1233

122

North East Lincolnshire

1230

123

Luton

1218

124

New Forest

1202

125

Test Valley

1194

126

Bury

1173

127

Calderdale

1157

128

Mendip

1128

129

Northumberland

1124

130

Elmbridge

1123

131

Chesterfield

1027

132

Dover

1024

133

Lichfield

1016

134

Mid Sussex

1014

135

Worthing

1011

136

Wakefield

1000

137

Stratford-on-Avon

996

138

Watford

994

139

Reigate & Banstead

976

140

Craven

974

141

Wycombe

974

141

Basingstoke & Deane

958

143

Tameside

955

144

Stoke-on-Trent

950

145

South Somerset

947

146

Allerdale

939

147

Wolverhampton

930

148

Gravesham

913

149

Gloucester

907

150

Nuneaton & Bedworth

904

151

Chiltern

897

152

East Hertfordshire

886

153

Ipswich

881

154

Swale

862

155

East Staffordshire

855

156

Wirral

851

157

Mole Valley

848

158

East Hampshire

826

159

Barnet

813

160

Bolton

813

160

Suffolk Coastal

802

162

East Riding of Yorkshire

800

163

Wigan

797

164

Tonbridge & Malling

790

165

Stafford

777

166

Tamworth

771

167

Waveney

769

168

Preston

764

169

East Sussex

762

170

Rother

754

171

Newcastle-under-Lyme

745

172

Redcar & Cleveland

740

173

Huntingdonshire

733

174

Wokingham

714

175

North Lincolnshire

697

176

Barnsley

687

177

Havering

676

178

Brentwood

651

179

Surrey Heath

634

180

High Peak

586

181

Boston

583

182

Ashford

581

183

Bromsgrove

581

183

Spelthorne

581

183

North Hertfordshire

578

186

Hastings

576

187

North Somerset

575

188

Carlisle

569

189

North Yorkshire

564

190

Bedford

562

191

Middlesborough

561

192

Newark & Sherwood

557

193

South Bucks

551

194

South Kesteven

545

195

Aylesbury Vale

544

196

Sedgemoor

541

197

Barrow-in-Furness

529

198

Knowsley

524

199

Torridge

512

200

Uttlesford

510

201

Havant

499

202

Dacorum

498

203

Chorley

494

204

Arun

474

205

South Tyneside

467

206

Ryedale

460

207

Harborough

459

208

Central Bedfordshire

457

209

Braintree

451

210

Mid Suffolk

447

211

Charnwood

445

212

Rochford

444

213

Rotherham

438

214

Runnymede

434

215

South Oxfordshire

432

216

Wyre Forest

421

217

Dudley

409

218

West Devon

397

219

West Lancashire

370

220

Castle Point

364

221

Trafford

358

222

Warwickshire

347

223

Gosport

346

224

Hartlepool

346

224

Kettering

341

226

Gateshead

328

227

Melton

328

227

North Dorset

327

229

Epping Forest

319

230

Rugby

311

231

Wyre

310

232

Shepway

309

233

Maldon

305

234

Cheshire West and Chester

304

235

Great Yarmouth

296

236

Cambridgeshire

290

237

Burnley

286

238

Mansfield

280

239

Eastbourne

266

240

Tewkesbury

264

241

Fylde

255

242

West Somerset

254

243

Lewes

252

244

Amber Valley

249

245

Hart

246

246

Harlow

245

247

Mid Devon

244

248

Rushcliffe

242

249

Erewash

236

250

Thanet

234

251

Bassetlaw

233

252

Hinckley & Bosworth

228

253

Copeland

226

254

Stroud

202

255

Broxbourne

197

256

Devon

194

257

East Dorset

176

258

Rutland

176

258

Welwyn Hatfield

175

260

Selby

172

261

Cannock Chase

168

262

Forest Heath

166

263

Dartford

165

264

Hambleton

164

265

Rochdale

156

266

Eden

151

267

Worcestershire

143

268

Dorset

134

269

Oldham

134

269

Corby

129

271

Derbyshire

128

272

Purbeck

128

272

North Kesteven

127

274

St Helens

122

275

Ribble Valley

119

276

Richmondshire

118

277

Doncaster

117

278

County Durham

111

279

Adur

106

280

Leicestershire

99

281

Hampshire

96

282

Malvern Hills

96

282

Stockton-on-Tees

96

282

Staffordshire Moorlands

94

285

Blackburn with Darwen

80

286

Salford

80

286

South Holland

68

288

Hertsmere

61

289

Norfolk

42

290

North West Leicestershire

39

291

Bracknell Forest

28

292

Somerset

22

293

Thurrock

11

294

Bolsover

0

295

Hertfordshire

0

295

Isles of Scilly

0

295

Kent

0

295

South Cambridgeshire

0

295

Suffolk

0

295

South Northamptonshire

-7

301

Ashfield

-17

302

Sandwell

-17

302

Basildon

-22

304

Broadland

-23

305

Lincolnshire

-28

306

Blaby

-31

307

Forest of Dean

-32

308

North Warwickshire

-41

309

Northamptonshire

-41

309

Pendle

-41

309

Vale of White Horse

-43

312

South Norfolk

-44

313

South Derbyshire

-55

314

Rossendale

-59

315

South Ribble

-59

315

Hyndburn

-62

317

Tandridge

-63

318

East Northamptonshire

-67

319

West Lindsey

-69

320

Tendring

-70

321

Redditch

-76

322

South Staffordshire

-82

323

Broxtowe

-83

324

North East Derbyshire

-85

325

Three Rivers

-87

326

Halton

-100

327

Staffordshire

-108

328

Oadby & Wigston

-114

329

Babergh

-116

330

West Oxfordshire

-117

331

Telford and the Wrekin

-138

332

Warrington

-147

333

East Cambridgeshire

-154

334

Breckland

-193

335

Gedling

-206

336

Slough

-223

337

Crawley

-261

338

Fenland

-272

339

Walsall

-286

340

Sunderland

-306

341

Nottinghamshire

-307

342

Lancashire

-334

343

Cumbria

-340

344

Wellingborough

-360

345

Wealden

-404

346

West Sussex

-475

347

South Gloucestershire

-535

348

Buckinghamshire

-692

349

Essex

-936

350

Coventry

-964

351

Surrey

-1047

352

Derby City

353

* Map does not show national parks

** Councils with zero values have either delegated their parking services to other authorities, or did not provide data

Source: RAC Foundation based on research by David Leibling

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