Richard O'Dwyer ordered to pay £20,000 by US court
- 6 December 2012
- From the section England
A student who was wanted by US authorities for breaking copyright laws has been ordered to pay £20,000 by a judge in New York.
Richard O'Dwyer, from Sheffield, signed a deferred prosecution agreement, in which he said he would not break any US laws.
The US authorities claimed the 24-year-old's TVShack website hosted links to pirated films and TV programmes.
If Mr O'Dwyer complies with the agreement, the case will be dropped.
He agreed to stay in touch with a correctional officer over a six-month period as part of the contract.
Mr O'Dwyer travelled to the US voluntarily after spending more than two years challenging whether he should be charged and extradited from the UK for copyright infringement.
He entered the New York Southern District federal court with his mother, girlfriend and UK and US lawyers.
After the court appearance, Mr O'Dwyer told the BBC: "I'm happy it's finally over. I still maintain I never thought I was committing a crime.
"I'm glad the US has decided to drop the case. It's a pity the UK wasn't able to resolve this."
He added: "I'm looking forward to getting back to university and see all my friends."
Mr O'Dwyer's barrister Ben Cooper said in a statement: "So far as we know this is a first in extradition cases - and a sensible solution for UK defendants faced with an ever-growing extra-territorial reach of US prosecutions."
Mr O'Dwyer's mother Julia, who has campaigned tirelessly to stop her son being extradited, said: "We are very pleased and relieved to have been able to resolve this matter.
"We would like to thank the prosecutors who have been willing to engage in dialogue and recognise that this conduct did not merit the extradition, incarceration and criminalisation of my son.
"This matter could have been dealt with over two years ago without the threat of extradition, which in my view is using a sledgehammer to crack a nut."
Earlier this year Home Secretary Theresa May approved Mr O'Dwyer's extradition, which he appealed against.
On 28 November a deal was struck at the High Court in London to avoid him being extradited and led to him signing the three-page deferred prosecution agreement.
The Sheffield Hallam university student could have faced jail if convicted of the allegations, which were brought following a crackdown by the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency.
The agency claimed the TVShack.net website earned more than $230,000 (£147,000) in advertising revenue before US authorities obtained a warrant and seized the domain name in June 2010.
Mr O'Dwyer's extradition application from earlier this year is expected to return to the High Court so it can formally be disposed of. It is expected that he and his family will return to the UK on Friday.
A spokesperson for Mr O'Dwyer said the £20,000 he has been ordered to pay will be used to repay victims whose copyrights were infringed by TVShack.
Mr O'Dwyer will have no criminal record or be subjected to any travel restrictions as a result of the court case.