New 'enterprise zones' announced around England


David Cameron on a visit to Daresbury Science Park in Cheshire

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The government has announced locations for new "enterprise zones" in England to try to boost economic growth.

Ministers said 30,000 new jobs would be created by 2015 by giving cheaper business rates, superfast broadband and lower levels of planning control.

New zones were announced at sites including Cheshire, Essex, Cornwall, Gosport, Hereford and Humber Estuary.

They have been criticised by some, who argue that they will not create jobs but displace them from other areas.

Plans for 21 nationwide zones were originally set out in March's Budget.

Bids to host one of the zones were submitted by 30 local groups, made up of council and business leaders.

'Trailblazers for growth'

The enterprise zones previously announced were: Leeds, Sheffield, Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Derby, Nottingham, the Black Country, the Tees Valley, the West of England and the North East.

Prime Minister David Cameron said: "We are determined to do everything we can to make Britain the best place in the world to start and grow a business.

"Enterprise zones are a major step towards delivering this - cutting business taxes, easing planning restrictions and giving business the tools they need to invest and expand.

"These new enterprise zones will be trailblazers for growth, jobs and prosperity throughout the country."

The scheme has been compared to similar initiatives in the 1980s and 1990s, which saw the transformation of London's Docklands.

But there was also criticism of the previous schemes, that they simply moved jobs rather increasing the total.

'Displaced jobs'

John Rider, chair of the West Midlands Institute of Directors, said: "I think the concept is reasonable but the reality was that they displaced people's jobs over the boundaries into the enterprise zones."

He said the Merry Hill shopping centre in Dudley, which opened in the 1980s, had "lots of good retailers but they did close local stores".

"Net new jobs? Probably a lot less then were claimed at the time," he said.

Speaking on BBC Radio 4's Today programme, Communities and Local Government Secretary Eric Pickles said they were successful in some areas, such as the Docklands and Sunderland, but led to displacement and a flood of retail parks.

"This has the same name but it has got a slightly different purpose," he said. "These are about specific sites against specific industries."

He said the government hoped to achieve a "rebalance of the economy from public sector jobs" and a reduction of the "dependency on financial industries".

The complete list of new locations announced earlier was:

  • Daresbury Science Campus near Runcorn
  • Newquay AeroHub in Cornwall
  • The Solent Enterprise Zone at Daedalus Airfield in Gosport
  • Rotherwas Enterprise Zone in Hereford;
  • Discovery Park in Sandwich, Kent
  • Enterprise West Essex in Harlow
  • Science Vale UK in Oxfordshire
  • Alconbury Airfield in Cambridgeshire
  • Great Yarmouth in Norfolk
  • Lowestoft in Suffolk;
  • Northampton Waterside
  • MIRA Technology Park in Hinckley Leicestershire
  • Humber Estuary Renewable Energy Super Cluster

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  • rate this

    Comment number 225.

    outright lies.everything this gov has done has been a lie so far.

  • rate this

    Comment number 224.

    Oh dear, don't we just get what we deserve.

    Ref 114 is an EDITOR'S PICK and highly rated (+10 currently)
    I quote "We cannot compete with low wage economies of China or Brazil, where inflation is kept artificially low by government policy"

    FACT Chinese inflation is 6.5%, ref
    Brazil inflation is 6.9%
    UK inflation is 5% errrrrrrr lower!

  • rate this

    Comment number 223.

    Unemployment increased 38,000 in the three months up to August 2011, and the government are promising these enterprise zones *might* create *up to* 30,000 new jobs... by 2015!

    The report was the 3 months up to June NOT August! Please get you facts right

  • rate this

    Comment number 222.

    Some regions are so drugged up on the state sector eg Newcastle (60%+ of regional GDP) that it's a really good idea to try and drag them into a more mixed economy by encouraging the entrepreneurship that has all but been squeezed out. That said many companies have suffered because of competitors in enterprise zones getting unfair advantages so jobs have been transferred, not created.

  • rate this

    Comment number 221.

    Lots of these sites are where major pharmaceutical companies recently closed huge sites (making thousands redundant). If the government had tried harder (similar tax breaks to those seen in other countries.
    The decision to close these Pharmaceutical companies Pfizher is sandwich was based to closing a whole drug devolpment program and not just move to lower cost base.

  • rate this

    Comment number 220.

    The whole point of Enterprise Zones is to create jobs and boost not only the local economy but those within the Travel to Work Area. I don't think it unreasonable for someone wishing to work who resides in Thetford, Lowestoft, etc., to travel to Great Yarmouth (or even Harlow) if the zones prove successful the bubble-effect would actually reduce the commuting distance as mini-clusters develop.

  • rate this

    Comment number 219.

    Re #205:

    Like most people, you have not got a clue about what happened in the car industry. The no redundancies deal was inherited from BLs deal with Honda in the 80s. The company put it in place, it was not forced on them. Rover folded due to utter mismanagement over 3 decades. Unions had very little say in it. One day, somebody might write the true story of the British car industry.

  • rate this

    Comment number 218.

    215.Sam Lowry

    "Ingredients - take the simmering public disillusionment add 21 Brand spanking NEW Enterprise Zones, add . . . bring back to the boil 'a voilà' = result the perfect 1980's Redux'."

    You missed a royal wedding and an ineffectual opposition. Oh, and an unwinnable war in Afganistan.

    We eagerly anticipate an improvement in the music scene though. . .

  • rate this

    Comment number 217.

    Those enterprize zones they set up last time involved giving millions to companies who then set up telephone call centres to employ cheap labour. Once the companies drained all the money they were going to get from us (via the Government) they closed them all down and moved the jobs to India.

  • rate this

    Comment number 216.

    You make a valid point but increasingly many of us in England also are annoyed and frustrated by much of the BBC's output confusing as it does national, regional and local matters. Maybe a BBC England would help it to focus its attention on its intended audience and satisfy the both of us?

  • rate this

    Comment number 215.

    Ingredients - take the simmering public disillusionment add 21 Brand spanking NEW Enterprise Zones, add 1 in 5 young unemployed people (club 18-25), mix in Youth 'New Deal' Training Scheme, scandals, & social betrayal for a bit of spice, remembering to start a winnable war, blend in a generous sprinkle of fresh rioting, and bring back to the boil 'a voilà' = result the perfect 1980's Redux'.

  • rate this

    Comment number 214.

    With 3 X SSSIs, a RAMSAR site, 5 X COMAH zones as well as very large tidal mud-flats it is of great concern that planning will be simplified. I just hope that ALL development is done with respect to the local community and environment.
    The person who wants to develop the South Humber site has enforcement notices for ingnoring basic planning requirements and tried to change the Local Plan & LDF

  • rate this

    Comment number 213.

    Hi Ship of fools, I did not know that the welsh assembly did anything, but make a lot of hot air in Cardiff bay, they are just a very expensive talking shop, They could not get any extra jobs in Wales they are clueless about enterprise zones .Cardiff council lib/dems are very good at closing down services and cutting jobs

  • rate this

    Comment number 212.

    The zones are a good start, but maybe something could be done to help the self-employed and small start ups achieve a degree of financial security while getting their businesses off the ground. Unless you have substantial savings. or wealthy relatives, it is very hard to get going: in my experience 80 hour weeks, no paid holidays and considerably lower salaries than most people in employment!

  • rate this

    Comment number 211.

    Supermarket is a good place to work. Why?
    1) Available parking.
    2) Uniform. Minimum wage unable to afford clothing in an 'office' environment.
    3) Wide range of age groups/disabled employed.
    4) Opportunity to work nights if have children, for family/partner to 'baby-sit'.
    5) Unfortunately, so many 'snobs' out there who think less of workers in a supermarket, who are often more intelligent.

  • Comment number 210.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 209.

    202.Peter White
    Sorry but i cannot agree with you!
    I left school and was given no option but to go on a YTS, i was put on 3 placements working with full time employees doing the same job, i was told i could have a full time job at the end of all 3 then was told sorry!
    £15 a week compared to £150 hmm who the winner?
    I can tell you it wasnt me!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 208.

    185.nieuw divil

    The real scourge of Britain generally is dogmatic fools who are hidebound by outdated mindsets, whether it be Trade Unionists, Politicians, business leaders or just self important pundits.

  • rate this

    Comment number 207.

    #204 Peter White

    Totally Agree, I tried to write we need a tax relief on the end of the last post but I ran out of Characters ;)

  • rate this

    Comment number 206.

    205 Yes - a tragedy that is still unfolding today. Sadly the country is going backwards and lacks the leadership needed to steer us out of this mess.


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