Should more UK pupils be learning Mandarin?
22 May 2014 Last updated at 21:44 BST
Thousands of pupils across England, Wales and Northern Ireland are due to sit their Mandarin GCSE exams on Friday.
The number of students make up only fraction of those studying European languages and many argue that is a wasted opportunity which could be costing our economy billions.
The BBC's China editor Carrie Gracie reports.