Map: Who's making the most out of parking?

A survey of 359 English councils has revealed that some are generating huge cash surpluses from parking charges.

The study for the RAC Foundation is based on annual returns to the Department for Communities and Local Government, and includes revenue from on-street parking permits, off-street charges and parking penalties for 2011-12.

These are offset against the cost of running parking operations, leaving some councils with a deficit.

MAP: Councils with surpluses and deficits across England
Council Surplus / deficit (£ thousand) Ranking

* Map does not show national parks

** Councils with zero values have either delegated their parking services to other authorities, or did not provide data

Source: RAC Foundation based on research by David Leibling

Westminster

41599

1

Kensington & Chelsea

28148

2

Camden

24975

3

Hammersmith & Fulham

19504

4

Wandsworth

16120

5

Brighton & Hove

14436

6

Islington

10890

7

Cornwall

7926

8

Newham

7316

9

Hounslow

7255

10

Leeds

6824

11

Newcastle upon Tyne

6707

12

Milton Keynes

6606

13

Guildford

6538

14

Manchester

6325

15

Hackney

5892

16

Lambeth

5831

17

Tower Hamlets

5769

18

Merton

5679

19

Birmingham

5479

20

Haringey

5334

21

Bath & North East Somerset

5107

22

Wiltshire

4952

23

York

4763

24

Cambridge

4756

25

Bromley

4736

26

Kingston upon Thames

4675

27

Lewisham

4603

28

Harrow

4601

29

Ealing

4485

30

City of London

4342

31

Oxford

4267

32

Richmond upon Thames

4116

33

Redbridge

3922

34

Bristol

3673

35

Blackpool

3582

36

Woking

3527

37

Exeter

3453

38

Bournemouth

3430

39

Southend-on-Sea

3364

40

Scarborough

3314

41

City of Nottingham

3251

42

Liverpool

3147

43

Waltham Forest

3146

44

Enfield

3100

45

Winchester

3083

46

Torbay

3028

47

Chelmsford

3028

48

Kirklees

2976

49

Southwark

2894

50

Southampton

2830

51

Brent

2701

52

Shropshire

2629

53

Canterbury

2564

54

Chichester

2546

55

Poole

2540

56

Cheshire East

2524

57

King's Lynn & West Norfolk

2520

58

Sheffield

2493

59

Tunbridge Wells

2490

60

Lincoln

2451

61

South Lakeland

2443

62

Isle of Wight

2443

63

Cheltenham

2421

64

Taunton Deane

2345

65

Worcester

2336

66

East Devon

2321

67

Waverley

2282

68

Windsor & Maidenhead

2253

69

St Edmundsbury

2175

70

North Yorkshire

2165

71

Croydon

2129

72

The Medway Towns

2090

73

Greenwich

2013

74

Rushmoor

2006

75

Solihull

2003

76

Portsmouth

1986

77

Peterborough

1953

78

Swindon

1931

79

Stevenage

1829

80

Northumberland

1829

81

Teignbridge

1823

82

North Devon

1792

83

Reading

1749

84

Weymouth & Portland

1740

85

Colchester

1740

86

South Hams

1717

87

Harrogate

1689

88

Kingston upon Hull

1682

89

Barking & Dagenham

1677

90

Derby City

1672

91

Sutton

1660

92

Bexley

1629

93

Lancaster

1624

94

Cotswold

1604

95

Coventry

1604

96

Gloucestershire

1591

97

Sevenoaks

1568

98

West Dorset

1562

99

Derbyshire Dales

1538

100

Sefton

1507

101

Christchurch

1504

102

East Lindsey

1464

103

St Albans

1461

104

Epsom & Ewell

1458

105

Hastings

1456

106

Stoke-on-Trent

1440

107

Fareham

1433

108

Hillingdon

1420

109

Eastleigh

1415

110

Northampton

1398

111

Wychavon

1397

112

Stockport

1361

113

Herefordshire

1355

114

Darlington

1345

115

Bolton

1324

116

Wakefield

1323

117

Calderdale

1298

118

Horsham

1272

119

Chesterfield

1262

120

North Norfolk

1232

121

Bury

1232

122

Mendip

1210

123

North Somerset

1208

124

Basingstoke & Deane

1180

125

Elmbridge

1152

126

Stratford-on-Avon

1143

127

South Somerset

1135

128

Wolverhampton

1106

129

Warwick

1094

130

Bradford

1080

131

Lichfield

1078

132

Test Valley

1048

133

Nuneaton & Bedworth

1041

134

Dover

1040

135

Craven

1019

136

Allerdale

1017

137

Watford

1003

138

Wycombe

1001

139

East Staffordshire

1000

140

Gloucester

984

141

Worthing

974

142

New Forest

961

143

Gravesham

917

144

Oxfordshire

916

145

Waveney

901

146

Tameside

893

147

West Berkshire

890

148

Ipswich

880

149

Wirral

868

150

Mid Sussex

855

151

Mole Valley

845

152

Warwickshire

845

153

Swale

840

154

East Hertfordshire

831

155

North Tyneside

813

156

North Lincolnshire

801

157

Tamworth

798

158

East Hampshire

760

159

Rother

745

160

Tonbridge & Malling

744

161

Newark & Sherwood

730

162

Wigan

720

163

High Peak

717

164

Preston

716

165

Ashford

708

166

Havering

703

167

Bromsgrove

688

168

Luton

687

169

Carlisle

683

170

Lake District National Park*

679

171

Newcastle-under-Lyme

678

172

Spelthorne

678

173

Chiltern

673

174

Leicester City

673

175

Suffolk Coastal

652

176

East Riding of Yorkshire

645

177

Middlesborough

640

178

Wokingham

633

179

Knowsley

626

180

Sedgemoor

624

181

Rochdale

623

182

South Kesteven

619

183

South Tyneside

618

184

Torridge

610

185

Aylesbury Vale

604

186

Chorley

601

187

Mansfield

595

188

Devon

594

189

Boston

582

190

Dacorum

558

191

Maidstone

557

192

Barnsley

552

193

Cheshire West and Chester

545

194

Barrow-in-Furness

543

195

Braintree

539

196

South Bucks

536

197

North East Lincolnshire

528

198

Rochford

526

199

Salford

510

200

West Sussex

497

201

Ryedale

488

202

Harborough

476

203

Charnwood

472

204

Yorkshire Dales National Park*

464

205

Reigate & Banstead

459

206

Plymouth

458

207

Hartlepool

445

208

Mid Suffolk

443

209

Wyre Forest

442

210

South Oxfordshire

427

211

Uttlesford

420

212

West Lancashire

419

213

Trafford

412

214

North Hertfordshire

410

215

Hart

408

216

Arun

394

217

Rugby

391

218

Castle Point

388

219

Wyre

388

220

Huntingdonshire

387

221

Kettering

387

222

Stafford

384

223

County Durham

383

224

Epping Forest

379

225

St Helens

377

226

Cannock Chase

368

227

Cambridgeshire

367

228

Erewash

364

229

Gosport

359

230

East Sussex

358

231

West Devon

354

232

Rotherham

352

233

Great Yarmouth

345

234

West Somerset

334

235

Havant

325

236

Burnley

321

237

Maldon

312

238

North Dorset

307

239

Broxbourne

307

240

Melton

307

241

Lewes

298

242

Doncaster

296

243

Dudley

283

244

Eastbourne

282

245

Welwyn Hatfield

282

246

Staffordshire

277

247

Hinckley & Bosworth

267

248

Fylde

261

249

Rushcliffe

261

250

Amber Valley

254

251

Harlow

232

252

Oldham

224

253

Runnymede

221

254

Bassetlaw

220

255

Stroud

217

256

Eden

212

257

Blackburn with Darwen

203

258

Thanet

202

259

Copeland

200

260

Tendring

193

261

Somerset

187

262

Mid Devon

185

263

Hambleton

181

264

North York Moors National Park*

176

265

Peak District National Park*

163

266

Selby

160

267

Rutland

138

268

Slough

137

269

Purbeck

129

270

Richmondshire

129

271

East Dorset

128

272

Derbyshire

125

273

Forest Heath

118

274

Adur

112

275

Ribble Valley

111

276

Bracknell Forest

104

277

Bedford

102

278

North Kesteven

101

279

South Holland

90

280

Vale of White Horse

90

281

North West Leicestershire

89

282

Malvern Hills

86

283

Hampshire

74

284

Gateshead

72

285

Tewkesbury

57

286

Staffordshire Moorlands

44

287

Thurrock

42

288

Shepway

40

289

Worcestershire

36

290

Exmoor National Park*

27

291

Dorset

23

292

Dartford

12

293

Nottinghamshire

12

294

Stockton-on-Tees

5

295

Dartmoor National Park*

3

296

Central Bedfordshire **

0

297

Redcar & Cleveland **

0

298

Bolsover **

0

299

Hertfordshire **

0

300

Kent **

0

301

Lincolnshire **

0

302

Cherwell **

0

303

Suffolk **

0

304

Isles of Scilly **

0

305

Surrey Heath

-3

306

South Northamptonshire

-4

307

Corby

-5

308

Broadland

-22

309

Buckinghamshire

-23

310

Ashfield

-35

311

Norwich

-36

312

South Cambridgeshire

-39

313

Pendle

-41

314

Sandwell

-48

315

Rossendale

-51

316

North East Derbyshire

-54

317

North Warwickshire

-56

318

Redditch

-58

319

South Ribble

-59

320

Tandridge

-61

321

South Staffordshire

-64

322

South Derbyshire

-65

323

East Northamptonshire

-67

324

Hertsmere

-73

325

South Norfolk

-75

326

Blaby

-77

327

Halton

-78

328

Hyndburn

-94

329

Oadby & Wigston

-123

330

Telford and the Wrekin

-123

331

Northamptonshire

-127

332

Basildon

-129

333

West Oxfordshire

-133

334

Breckland

-139

335

Broxtowe

-139

336

Daventry

-148

337

Barnet

-156

338

Three Rivers

-169

339

West Lindsey

-169

340

Babergh

-170

341

Forest of Dean*

-183

342

East Cambridgeshire

-184

343

Walsall

-209

344

Cumbria

-214

345

Crawley

-229

346

Gedling

-241

347

Warrington

-243

348

Lancashire

-269

349

Leicestershire

-277

350

Wellingborough

-284

351

Wealden

-301

352

Fenland

-331

353

Norfolk

-362

354

Sunderland

-362

355

Brentwood

-372

356

South Gloucestershire

-578

357

Surrey

-1267

358

Essex

-1802

359

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