Coronation 1953: Magic moment the TV cameras missed

 
Coronation, with the archbishop kneeling before the Queen Bishops pay homage to Queen Elizabeth II

The committee convened to organise the 1953 Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II took a full year to finalise the details amid argument as to how to maximise the impact of the event. One key question was whether the ceremony should be televised.

The Prime Minister Winston Churchill was reportedly horrified at the idea that "modern mechanical arrangements" - television cameras - should be used to broadcast from inside Westminster Abbey.

"It would be unfitting that the whole ceremony, not only in its secular but also in its religious and spiritual aspects, should be presented as if it were a theatrical performance," he told the House of Commons.

Perhaps Churchill recalled the arch-monarchist Walter Bagehot's advice: "We must not let in daylight upon magic." But the Queen and her advisors decided the cameras should be allowed to relay every moment of the meticulously planned ceremony - with one exception.

The television audience missed nothing of the pomp and pageantry, feathers and fur, golden spurs, jewel-encrusted orb, bracelets of sincerity and wisdom, ritual swords, anthems and trumpets. From the quiet of a choir softly singing "Come Holy Ghost, our souls inspire", to the shouts, bells and cannons that greeted the crowning moment, the spectacle didn't miss an emotional trick in trying to inspire the tens of millions crowded around small black-and-white TV sets.

Control room from which the coronation was broadcast The control room at Trafalgar Square broadcasting the event

But, in the middle of it all, a section of the service was conducted in secrecy.

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The archbishop poured 'blessed oil' of orange, roses, cinnamon, musk and ambergris, and anointed the Queen in the form of a cross”

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The Act of Consecration is the most magical aspect of an English Coronation, so extraordinary that history (and the 1953 Coronation Committee) decreed it must remain out of sight.

In preparation, the Queen was disrobed of her crimson cloak, her jewellery was removed and the young Elizabeth was seated in King Edward's chair, an ancient and simple throne, clothed in a dress of purest white. It was a moment of high theatre.

A golden canopy held by four Knights of the Garter was suspended above and around the monarch, a grander version of the cloth cabinet a conjuror might wheel onto stage before making his glamorous assistant disappear.

With the Abbey almost silent, the Archbishop of Canterbury was handed the Ampulla, a flask in the shape of an eagle wrought in solid gold.

Legend had it that the vessel was given to St Thomas a Becket by the Virgin Mary in a vision while travelling in France, was lost and later recovered by the Black Prince at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. A more credible version has that the object was crafted in 1661 for the coronation of Charles II.

Eagle-shaped Ampulla and golden coronation spoon on display at Lambeth Palace The Ampulla and golden Coronation Spoon

A spoon was also passed to the archbishop, a relic that had survived the Civil War and was probably made for Henry II or Richard I. The props dripped with provenance: antique, sacred, even mythical.

From the flask, the archbishop poured some "blessed oil" of orange, roses, cinnamon, musk and ambergris, and anointed the Queen in the form of a cross, on the palms of her hand, on the breast and on the crown of her head.

As he did so, he whispered these words: "Be thy head anointed with holy oil: as kings, priests, and prophets were anointed. And as Solomon was anointed king by Zadok the priest and Nathan the prophet, so be you anointed, blessed and consecrated Queen over the Peoples, whom the Lord thy God hath given thee to rule and govern."

In that instant, the viewing public were meant to believe that their Queen was transformed. As a newsreel commentator put it: "the hallowing - a moment so old history can barely go deep enough to contain it."

When the golden pall was removed and the cameras rolled on the monarch once more, hey presto and hallelujah, Elizabeth had become associated with the divine.

 
Mark Easton Article written by Mark Easton Mark Easton Home editor

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  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 235.

    I do not know of one single person who went to visit England because it has a Queen. I don't know anyone who ever met the Queen. I don't know that it would matter one whit if a tour guide would say this is where the Royals used to live when we had them instead of this is where they live now.In short the idea that the Royals are a tourist draw is absurd, they are only society's costly parasites.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 234.

    The tempering of monarchy to reconcile its obvious inequities with the realities of a modern world is very different from revolting against it and rejecting it as an unacceptable doctrine that flies in the face of human equality.The superior House of Lords with veto over Commons, a state religion and the Monarch as head of state makes the UK no different from Iran.It too claims democracy of sorts.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 233.

    The Archbishop of Canterbury said the Queen got her calling from god. This reminds us that the mentality of the doctrine of The Divine Right of Kings and the notion that some people are born better than others still exists deep in the cultural psyche of England and to a degree all over Europe.This is why class and social standing still obsess them and hold them back.It's the apology for slavery.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 232.

    Is it good to cling to traditions? Sometimes yes, sometimes no. Watching the TV series "Bridezillas" on WE TV I'm reminded of the tradition in colonial times in America of the ducking stool. Perhaps there are some traditions worth keeping.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 231.

    England is a country that will never grow up. It will live an existence of make-believe unconscious of the real world, hence its culture of an imagined past with regalia and traditions lost to history much of the rest of the world would rather forget. Play on England, play on. The real world is far worse.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 230.

    Hidden part of ceremony is quite old, quite reminiscent of ancient crowning/anointing changing ordinary human beings (carrying the right blood) into divine representatives on earth.
    To me this is blasphemy; to you it should be blasphemy - unless you believe the one God needs human representation on earth. It's time to start thinking "God" is present in each creation & act accordingly.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 229.

    121. FrTed
    The name "Thomas à Becket" is not contemporary, and appears to be a post-Reformation creation, possibly in imitation of Thomas à Kempis

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 228.

    Bread, circuses and Lizzy. The Queen has replaced religion as the opiate of the people - sort of ironic given that the coronation was a great showcase for Christianity. The people raise their ragged sleeves to say "God bless you your majesty". In a statement the Palace says it admits there may shortages of cake for the people!

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 227.

    Total mumb-jumbo but the Biritish Monarchy is a farce perpeutated by politicians for purposes which are not so funny or innocuous. Behind the nonsense is the power of a un-elected, unaccountable state machine, the Privy council, the honours system, Crown prerogatives, orders in council, etc etc. Even the nonsense has it's uses as a distraction from reality.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 226.

    Some people are just born serfs.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 225.

    Tasteless article unfortunately, from somone who apparently thinks religion is theatrical mumbo-jumbo. If most people feel like this (I don't), there isn't much point in another coronation.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 224.

    Mystical Bottle of Olive Oil (sorry Holy Anointing Oil), half a ton of stolen gems (Sorry crown jewels) from around the world (sorry empire), and an entire zoo of dead animals (that will be the furs and gowns, and not the people wearing them).

    I am the only person that finds all of this ridiculous, costly, pageantry a complete waste of time and money? We are £1.3 TRILLION in debt people!

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 223.

    222In the same vein, if you believe something is ridiculous then it becomes so.I believe England is ridiculous.I believe Europe is ridiculous.Events are make that the only plausible conclusion one can come to.Likely nothing can be done about it. In an era of instant total thermonuclear annihilation don't you find Russia's military parades ridiculous? I see the British monarchy the same way.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 222.

    @219
    On a more serious note - Important though they are, presidential elections also offer the observer a slightly comic ritual.

    Am reminded of Terry Pratchett's The Hogfather - in part, if you believe something is important then is becomes so... things like fairness, justice, pride in one's nation/flag/president/Monarch etc... (all nebulous, non-physical concepts, but important nonetheless)

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 221.

    @220
    If you thought the 20th century was bad, and needed escaping from, you should visit the 21st, we've already had 13 years of it!
    ho hum

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 220.

    England, Disneyland, England, Disneyland, England, Disneyland...where to go to on my next vacation to escape the reality of the 20th century for awhile. Hmmmm, Disneyland, there are better beaches and they have better weather there.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 219.

    What makes me chuckle is a nation in the 21st century needs a king and queen, a royal family, aristocrats, and all that goes with it. It's like some sort of bizarre atavism where an entire nation pretends it's still the 17th century and they're not at what you'd call a "fancy dress ball." Impossible to take that nation or people seriously.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 218.

    According to the telegraph 69% of the population support the monarchy, however 48% of people think that the next generation should be skipped. They seem to be misunderstanding the monarchy. It is not a popularity contest, is undemocratic & you cannot choose who is the monarch. The only times monarchs were forced out was in exceptional circumstances & Charles will have his influence when he is king

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 217.

    Here we go again!!! Yet another opportunity for blinkered anti-monarchists to peddle more ill-informed twaddle.
    Let me ask you this? If your parents or grandparents or even their parents had worked hard and 'gained' something for the family, would you now gladly hand all that back or agree for others to take off you what is yours? No? Well, button it then!

    Long may our monarchy go on

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 216.

    202. Brit

    A sock with a couple of buttons for eyes could do the job.

 

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