Abu Qatada case: UK agrees assistance treaty with Jordan


Home Secretary Theresa May warned that the legal process "may well still take many months"

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The government has signed a mutual assistance treaty with Jordan to ensure that radical cleric Abu Qatada can be deported, Theresa May has told MPs.

The home secretary said the treaty had guarantees on fair trials within it.

The government is doing "everything it can" to deport Abu Qatada, she said.

The move comes after she failed to get the case referred to the Supreme Court to reverse a ruling that the radical cleric could face an unfair trial if sent to Jordan to face terror charges.

Mrs May is to apply directly to the Supreme Court for permission to challenge that ruling.

The treaty would come into play should the Supreme Court reject the government's request.

The withdrawal of the UK from the European Convention on Human Rights is another option being explored by the prime minister, said Mrs May, who added that it was "sensible" to have "all options on the table".

But cabinet minister and former home secretary Ken Clarke dismissed that idea, saying it is "not the policy of this government".

'Every chance'

Giving a statement to the Commons, Mrs May said the treaty would have to be ratified by the UK and Jordan.

She said she believed it would satisfy concerns that Abu Qatada would not receive a fair trial there, and there was now "every chance" of deporting the cleric.

Is this treaty the real deal?

The UK originally signed a "memorandum of understanding" with Jordan in 2005 in an effort to deport Abu Qatada.

That talked about fair trials for deportees - but it did not define what fairness meant - or refer specifically to how those trials would be conducted.

Its harshest critics said it was a grubby attempt by the UK to duck its international commitment to oppose torture.

This new treaty clearly states that torture-tainted evidence cannot be used in court against someone who is deported.

These are strong words - but the question now is whether these words can be made real. Judges here and at the European Court of Human Rights have laid down a very stringent test.

It is going to be for the government to show that test has been met.

However, Mrs May added that even once the agreement was fully ratified, Abu Qatada would still be able to launch a legal appeal. This could mean it may still be months before he is deported.

Mrs May told the Commons: "I believe these guarantees will provide the courts with the assurance that Qatada will not face evidence that might have been obtained by torture, in a retrial in Jordan."

Shadow home secretary Yvette Cooper said she was willing to work with the government towards Abu Qatada's deportation, but accused Mrs May in the past of "overstating her legal strategy, which has not worked".

On the possibility of the UK temporarily withdrawing from the European Convention on Human Rights, Mrs May said it was her view that the UK needed to "fix that relationship".

BBC political correspondent Vicki Young said any suspension of the UK's membership of the ECHR is almost unprecedented and the Lib Dems are insisting they would block it.

She said: "We're told that the failure to deport Abu Qatada makes David Cameron's blood boil and he's ordered ministers to find a solution.

"The best case scenario for the government is that the Supreme Court agrees to hear the case and rules that Qatada can be deported, but few think that likely."

Mr Clarke, a former home secretary, told BBC Radio 4's World at One programme: "If I was asked my advice on that by any of my colleagues I would say I don't think that's got the faintest thing to do with the case with Abu Qatada.

"It is not the policy of this government to withdraw either for any short period or any lengthy period from the European Convention on Human Rights."

'Denial of justice'

The Special Immigration Appeals Commission (Siac), which adjudicates on national security-related deportations, ruled last year that Abu Qatada should not be removed from the UK because his retrial could be tainted by evidence obtained by torturing the cleric's former co-defendants.

Mrs May had argued she had obtained fresh assurances that would guarantee the fair treatment of the preacher on his return to Amman.

But the Court of Appeal upheld Siac's decision last month, saying the lower court had not misinterpreted nor misapplied the law.

Yvette Cooper: Theresa May has "overstated her legal strategy"

Government lawyers had stressed that Jordan had banned torture and the use in trial of statements extracted under duress.

But the Court of Appeal judges said Siac had been entitled to think there was a risk the "impugned statements" would be used in evidence during a retrial and there was "a real risk of a flagrant denial of justice".

The Supreme Court can reconsider Court of Appeal decisions if the justices are convinced there is a "point of law of general public importance".

On 17 April 2012, the home secretary told the Commons that, following fresh assurances from Jordan that he would get a fair trial, "we can soon put Qatada on a plane and get him out of our country for good".

Bids for freedom before the European Court of Human Rights and the High Court followed before Abu Qatada's successful appeal to Siac in November.

Abu Qatada was re-arrested and returned to Belmarsh prison in March, following an alleged breach of bail conditions, concerning the use of communications equipment at his home.

Who is Abu Qatada? Abu Qatada was born in Bethlehem in 1960 and spent his early life in Jordan. He fled to Pakistan in 1989 claiming political persecution and eventually arrived in the UK in 1993. Abu Qatada was part of a wave of Islamists who sought refuge in the UK during the 1980s and 90s, often exiled from the Arab regimes they were trying to overthrow.
Algerian Islamists pray, 1992 Abu Qatada emerged as a key voice in the Islamist movement in London, which advocated strict Islamic government in Muslim countries and armed struggle against despots and foreign invaders. His preachings and ideas won him influence among Islamist groups in Algeria and Egypt during the 1990s. He was tried and found guilty in his absence of terrorism offences in Jordan in 1999.
Ruins of the World Trade Center By 2001 fears were growing about Abu Qatada's hard-line views. He endorsed suicide attacks in a BBC interview and was questioned in connection with a German terror cell. Copies of his sermons were found in the Hamburg flat used by some of the 9/11 attackers and Spanish judge Balthazar Garzon described him as the "spiritual head of the mujahideen in Britain". In December 2001, Abu Qatada disappeared and became one of the UK's most wanted men.
Abu Qatada in 2005 In October 2002 Abu Qatada was arrested and detained without charge. He was released in 2005 and put under strict house arrest, but months later was arrested under immigration rules and moves began to deport him to Jordan to face retrial on the charges he had been convicted of six years earlier. In 2007 he lost his immigration case, but the Court of Appeal later ruled that deportation to a regime which uses torture - ie Jordan - would breach his human rights.
BBC The Court of Appeal ruling was overturned by the Law Lords in early 2009, and the then Home Secretary, Jacqui Smith (L), signed a deportation order. Abu Qatada then appealed to the European Court, which eventually ruled that he could not be deported while the risk of torture remained. In 2012 Home Secretary Theresa May (R) pressed ahead with deportation, but this was blocked amid a row over the appeal deadline.
Abu Qatada In November 2012 Abu Qatada was released from prison once more after a UK court backed his appeal on the grounds that witness evidence obtained by torture could be used against him at trial in Jordan. That was a disastrous blow to the Home Office because it meant the only way the deportation could happen would be if Jordan changed its system to ensure torture-tainted evidence could not be used.
Abu Qatada Abu Qatada was then returned to prison on 9 March 2013 after an alleged breach of his bail conditions - but this deportation was still blocked. Weeks later, Home Secretary Theresa May announced a new UK-Jordan treaty to improve co-operation in criminal investigations. That treaty included a guarantee of a fair trial free of torture-tainted evidence for anyone sent back to Jordan. Abu Qatada's lawyers announced he would now return to Jordan.

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  • Comment number 17.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    How many useless Home Secretaries does it take to deport AQ?

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    1.Master of Nothing
    The man has acted exemplary through all this trying times and should nbe applauded, is Qatada


    Qatada is a sociopath. He has redefined and reinforced intolerance between Muslim and non-Muslim. Causing hatred was ever his aim.

    Hopefully this treaty is the vehicle that gets him out of Britain to face the justice that he so richly deserves.

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    I think this isn't about AQ himself, but about the principles of the legal system in the UK. The Govt clearly want this man extradited, but the courts have thwarted them at every point. The ongoing battle is about finding a way around the courts so that AQ and others can finally be moved on. Is this worthwhile? Possibly, but it could represent an erosion of our own legal system and rights.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    just put him on a raft and push it out to sea

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    Oh for heavens sake, draft a law that says that we can chuck people out to where ever, when ever, why ever. State that the law over rides ALL other laws from where ever they come from. Get it past, kick the guy out. We don't want him here. Frankly I don't care if he is tortured or whether torture evidence is used against him, we know hes mad, if some other country wants to hang him good!

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    Every time I see an image of AQ he seems to have a grin on his face.

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    This man’s smug face make my blood boil! I don’t have anything constructive to say apart from get him out!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    In this case the courts have been shown to be not fit for purpose. The government's responsibility is to defend citizens' rights to life, liberty, and property. Any foreign national believed to be a threat to those rights simply has no basis to remain in the country - and should be prepared to face the consequences if the legal system in his/her country of origin is not as friendly as the UKs.

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    Oh dear Cameron is made to look red faced again, still its a habit you should be getting used to. Roll on 2015.

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    Stop voting for the same 3 parties.

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    There is talk about AQ being arrested for a crime. But what crime? Try coming in to the UK on a FORGED UAE Passport in 1993. Surely this is a criminal offence.
    And now with Cameron admitting that he is sick and fed up of this case, why can't Government do something about this that is not blocked by Strasbourg? And why should Mr Taxpayer UK have to pay for AQ to stay here when he is here illegally?

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    If the govt 'temporarily withdraws from a law' whats to stop them 'temporarily withdrawing' from any other law as it suits. This must be one of the most terrifying suggestions ever made by a British MP. The fact that its so under-highlighted is equally frightening.

    Re Quatada: can't we pay someone else (like Mongolia) to take him off our hands if sending him to Jordan is a problem?

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    I can understand why they are keen to extradite this man, I too think he has a case to answer.
    But circumventing laws is a spiral we won't recognise before it becomes too late.

    We didn't need all this legislation and spying on our own to deal with the IRA and they were far more prevalent. Something else lies at the core of this demand for surveillance and I worried to learn what it is.

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    It is quite clear to me that the current democratic system is completely useless, especially in this type of circumstance. To think that this once mighty nation, that commanded the seas, should now be a slave to stupid liberal left laws that place the rights of a crazy religious psychopath above the safety of the entire population. You could not make it up. Stop voting for the same 3 parties.

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.

    Does not this silly woman have anything better to do in her job than to spend all her time and energy pursuing this one elderly neutered cleric? It seems to have become a personal vendetta ... at our expense.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1.

    The man has acted exemplary through all this trying times and should nbe applauded, is Qatada

    I think we MUST leave him if he does anything to endanger peace then warn,him, if he does it again then a simple prison sentence there after if he does it jail him for at least 3 months
    As a Phd student this is not unprecedented


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