Census shows rise in foreign-born


The BBC's Mark Easton says London is "a truly international city"

The number of foreign-born residents in England and Wales has risen by nearly three million since 2001 to 7.5 million people, the 2011 census shows.

That means about one in eight - 13% - of residents were born outside the UK.

The most common birthplaces outside the UK for residents are India, Poland and Pakistan. The number of ethnic white British people is down to 80%.

London has become the first region where white British people have become a minority.

Some 45% (3.7 million) of people in the capital described themselves as white British, down from 58% (4.3 million) in 2001.

The Office for National Statistics said the findings showed a "diverse" and "changing" picture.

More than half the rise in the population of England and Wales was due to migration.

Alp Mehmet, from Migration Watch, said the figures showed "how absolutely essential it is that we bring immigration under control".

He told BBC Radio 4's World at One that society must consider "the housing that's going to be needed, the schools that are going to be needed, the roads".

If people wanted "new arrivals" to be integrated, "then for goodness sake we can't have them arriving at this sort of scale", he added.

Graph showing the population of England and Wales born outside the UK since 1971

But Sunder Katwala, director of British Future - an independent think tank on migration - said people had "an absolute moral responsibility to make our society work as a shared society".

Guy Goodwin, ONS: "Census shows diverse population."

"The question of do you want this to happen or don't you want this to happen implies that you've got a choice and you could say 'let's not have any diversity'," he told the BBC News website.

"This is who we are - it's inevitable."

Guy Goodwin, from the Office of National Statistics, told BBC News: "It's a really changing picture so the 2011 census population will go down as a diverse population compared with 2001."

In other findings:

Voluntary question

The census also shows that, while fewer people own their own home, more people own it outright.

Just under 15 million households owned their own home in 2011, either with a mortgage or loan, or outright - down 4%.

The 2011 census shows beyond any doubt that the UK is now in the midst of an astonishing era of demographic change due to globalisation.

Parts of the country are witnessing such rapid flows and movements of people that they are becoming super-diverse - home to many different people from many different backgrounds.

If you want just a snapshot of that rapid change - look at Boston in Lincolnshire.

In 2001, it was home to fewer than 1,500 people born abroad - and because of a statistical quirk many of those are thought to have been people born to parents once stationed with the British Army in Germany.

Today, almost 10,000 people born abroad call Boston home - and it has more Polish residents than any other local authority outside of the South East. The 2011 census confirms what people see around them.

However, those who owned their home outright increased two percentage points from 29% (6.4 million) to 31% (7.2 million).

The group that rented from a private landlord or letting agency increased by six percentage points from 9% (1.9 million) in 2001 to 15% (3.6 million) in 2011.

Campbell Robb, chief executive of housing charity Shelter, said the figures "confirm that home ownership is slipping further and further out of reach, no matter how hard people work or save".

Last year there was an average of 12 cars for every 10 households - up on 11 cars per 10 households in 2001. London was the only region where the number of vehicles was lower than the number of households.

The 2011 Census results for Scotland are drawn up separately by the Scottish government and are being released on Monday.

This year's questionnaire was sent to about 26 million households in England and Wales on 27 March last year and was compulsory to fill in.

The only voluntary question in the census related to religion and allowed people to declare themselves to be Christian (all denominations), Buddhist, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, of no religion or to list themselves as belonging to any other faith.

The census - which is used to plan public services - is carried out every 10 years, during which the public are asked questions about their jobs, health, education and ethnic background

Last year was the first time people could fill in the form online.

non-UK born residing in the UK

More on This Story

Census 2011 results

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  • Comment number 1607.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1606.

    ok thats five comments been removed so ok give up let everyone in ok the moderators win

  • rate this

    Comment number 1605.

    To me, there's a distinct split in comments.

    1) Those who say that the UK is full and we can't take any more. Fair enough.

    2) Those that stereotype all immigrants as scrounging, cheaply paid workers, taking UK jobs from the UK people.

    I hope that those with the attitude of #2 never hope to emigrate to another country or hope to have life saving treatment by an exceptional foreign surgeon.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1604.

    Funny how we can keep track of TV licences & not immigrants.

    Aint it the truth!

  • rate this

    Comment number 1603.

    @1562 (Derpsworth) Nice idea but no thanks! I left London to live in the sticks because of immigrants and I sure to hell don't want them turning up and spoiling my green and pleasant outlook!

  • rate this

    Comment number 1602.

    David H
    Just now

    1511.Morphius Bane
    Just now
    Even a gargantuan fool can see the country wants to have a say on
    this without being painted as being evil.
    No they don’t "just want to have a say"
    They just want spout off with banal xenonophobic drivel,
    and blame other people for their inadequacies and failings.

    You may have just proved my point. It's a discussion about resources.

  • Comment number 1601.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1600.

    If I am going too close (Editor please note) to being non-PC, do let me know. In my part of the world we have the pleasure of many Romanians of a Roma persuasion (is this OK?). There are houses made up of children as young as 3 or 4 up to the age of about 14 who are required to go begging in the West End. I thought we had eradicated such Fagin-like behavior long ago; well we are going backwards.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1599.

    @1567 "@1558 Yeah, Mr Singh also fought for you too. Don't forget it."

    Awesome point,I love it.

    Oh and then WE destroyed THEIR country.Quite literally, around a MILLION died because of the Indian partitioning, not to mention that as a direct consequence there is a pair of nuclear powers standing off with the ability and desire to wipe out around a half billion people between them.

    Our fault.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1598.

    We educated them,we fed them,we civilised them
    Yes, we set up factories there, show them capitalism is the way and then wonder why they come here in hope of a better way of life. It's no coincidence.

    Trouble is, we want culture when it suits but only if it fits our narrow ideals.

  • Comment number 1597.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1596.

    Ultimately this issue is not one of race but one of space Uk 94,550 sq miles very small eventually immigration will have to be very strictly limited farmland needed , nature reserves ssi,national parks. Future immigration will have to go to Russia, Australia, Canada large land masses small pops my guess 5years doors will close through neccessity.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1595.

    Thank you labour and your liberal ways, Imigration is fine when controlled something Labour never did. when you become a minority in the city of your birth That I'm afraid is disgusting. Does this mean that working class white men are no longer seen as the lowest of the low. will we get a council house and loads of bennefits as we are now a minority.oh abu Quatada got a bigger house. Thats nice.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1594.

    For all the people on this site telling me to broaden my horizons, well I don't want to. This is a Christian country and I want it to stay that way. I want my children to be brought up in a civil Christian society, and not segregated, and to take part in a nativity, and fly the Union Jack etc. This country is going to the walls and Im not whether I want to be here,

  • rate this

    Comment number 1593.

    1589, How original another Daily Mail comment. Is that the best you can do?

  • rate this

    Comment number 1592.

    #1567 did he really...where exactly did he fight for me? or did he run away in 1940 like the rest of them when britain was under attack from fellow europeans, and dont you forget that either.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1591.

    Its wearing pretty thin to here endless succession of governments, politicians, and especially the media bang on about 'Baby booms' and 'Ageing population' if they are not going to PLAN for these. A one child per family must come.

    Britain needs a return to regional policy and planning and we need to drastically roll back the free market ideologues ruining the Nation and draining its coffers.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1590.

    These stat's make for very grim reading indeed.Yes, I know all you Liberal, left leaning do gooders will say 'Racist,Little Englander,Fascist, Xenophobe' etc,etc, but I know for a fact that if my Grandfather who risked his life in WWII could come back and see the mess that the so called 'Mainstream' poltical parties have made of this once great country of ours, he'd be devastated.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1589.

    Can you imagine what's going on in the editorial offices of the Daily Mail right now.

    'Do we lead with immigrants or gay marriage?

    immigrants or gay marriage? immigrants or gay marriage?
    immigrants or gay marriage? immigrants or gay marriage?immigrants or gay marriage? immigrants or gay marriage?'

    (Editors head explodes, Scanners style.)

  • Comment number 1588.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.


Page 5 of 85


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