Census graphics produced by: John Walton, Helene Sears, Marina Shchukina, Christi Sodano, Paul Sargeant, Tian Yuan and Chris Jeavans
Census shows rise in foreign-born
In 2011, 13% of England and Wales residents - 7.5 million out of a total population of 56.1 million - were born outside the UK.
While all English regions and Wales experienced increases in foreign-born residents between 2001 and 2011, the largest numerical rises were in London and the South East of England. The 10 local authorities with the highest proportion of foreign-born residents in 2011 were all London boroughs. London had three million foreign-born residents in 2011 - 37% of its population of 8.2 million. The lowest percentage was found in the North East of England in 2011, where just 5% of residents were foreign-born. Of the 7.5 million foreign-born residents in England and Wales in 2011, more than half (3.8 million) arrived in the last 10 years.
There were four million fewer Christians in England and Wales in 2011 than 10 years earlier, the census found.
While Christianity was still the largest religion in England and Wales, with 33.2 million worshippers representing 59% of the population, this was down from 72% in 2001. The North East and North West of England reported the highest proportions of Christians in 2011, including 80.9% in the most Christian local authority area of Knowsley, Merseyside. There was just one local authority area in England and Wales where Christianity was not the most popular religion: Tower Hamlets, in east London, where 34.5% of residents were Muslim, and just 27.1% Christian. In Wales, almost a third of people reported no religion, while the least-religious local authority area was Norwich, where 42.5% of residents reported no religion.
Some 64% of homes in England and Wales were owned - either with a mortgage or loan, or outright - in 2011. This was four percentage points lower than in 2001.
There was a decline in homes owned with a mortgage or loan, from 8.4 million (39% of households) in 2001, to 7.6 million (33%) in 2011. But there was a rise in homes owned outright, from 6.4 million (29%) to 7.2 million (31%). Meanwhile, the number of homes rented from a private landlord or letting agency almost doubled from 1.9 million (9%) in 2001 to 3.6 million a decade later.
Percentage of people born abroad, 2011
Percentage Christians, 2001
Percentage of homes owned with a mortgage, 2001
Percentage of people born abroad and resident for under 10 years, 2011
Percentage Christians, 2011
Percentage of homes owned with a mortgage, 2011