Is cycling getting more dangerous?

 
Shane Sutton (left) and Bradley Wiggins Shane Sutton (left) and Bradley Wiggins were both involved in collisions that left them injured

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After cycling champion Bradley Wiggins and British cycling head coach Shane Sutton were caught up in collisions with cars within hours of each other, how sure can cyclists be that they are safe on Britain's roads? And what can they do to protect themselves?

Just hours apart, two high-profile cyclists experienced first hand the dangerous side of the sport they love.

Reports came in on Wednesday night that Bradley Wiggins, the Olympic gold medallist and Tour de France winner, had been involved in a crash near a petrol station near Wigan, Lancashire. He suffered bruising.

And on Thursday came the news that Shane Sutton, the GB cycling head coach, had bleeding on the brain after a bike crash in the Manchester suburb of Levenshulme. He is still in hospital.

BBC sports news correspondent Dan Roan says it is "astonishing" that the pair suffered the same fate in separate incidents within hours of each other.

And cycling fans agree - many have taken to Twitter in the past 24 hours to describe their shock that two cyclists at the top of their game could be left in hospital.

Although this was undoubtedly an unfortunate coincidence, the incidents suggest that even the most experienced cyclists are not immune to the dangers of Britain's roads.

But just how dangerous is cycling? And is it becoming less safe?

'Not pleasant'

John Meudell, South East representative for CTC, the national cycling charity, says: "Cycling has become more dangerous because of the number of vehicles on the road - it has become more intimidating because motorists give you less and less room.

"One thing it isn't these days is pleasant."

'Life-threatening injuries'

Nigel Barclay, 45, from Banstead, Surrey, suffered life-threatening injuries when he was knocked off his bike by a car in March this year.

"I sustained two broken legs, my pelvis was broken in two places, my arm was broken, my elbow was smashed and I had multiple skull fractures," he says.

Mr Barclay suffered brain damage and is now deaf in one ear and partially sighted in one eye.

"I spent 12 days on life support. They were saying to my wife that they didn't know if I would survive or not," he says.

The teenage driver's punishment was four points on his licence, and Mr Barclay says the magistrates "let us down horrendously".

He adds: "The message it puts out is that it's OK to knock a cyclist off."

Figures from the Department for Transport (DfT) show that last year 107 cyclists were killed on British roads. In 2010, that figure was 111. It is likely most were male, the DfT says.

But since 2004, the figures show a gradual decline in the number of fatalities, which would suggest that the roads are becoming a safer place for those on two wheels.

However, a look at the figures for deaths and injuries combined paints a slightly different picture.

Although that figure hovered at about 16,000 between 2004 and 2008, since then it has steadily risen. Last year it was 19,215 - 2,030 more than in 2010.

And, according to figures collated by the Times - which has run a high-profile cycle safety campaign since one of its reporters was hit by a lorry and left in a coma - 104 cyclists have been killed so far this year. It is a figure the DfT cannot confirm but the newspaper says that this year's death toll looks set to overtake last year's.

Mr Meudell, who lives in Dorking, Surrey, and has been cycling for 50 years, says he believes a lack of interest "at all levels of government" has caused the roads to become increasingly dangerous.

"It is complacency on the part of the highways establishment," he says.

"Despite all the statements that they are improving, they are doing the opposite. The only way we are going to have progress is to have an independent inspectorate of roads like they have in America."

'Sorry, I didn't see you'

Roger Geffen, campaigns and policies director at the same charity, is concerned about a different type of complacency - among drivers.

"We see this sort of attitude that when drivers hit cyclists or indeed pedestrians... that it's just somehow an accident, it's somehow carelessness," he says.

CYCLIST ROAD DEATHS BETWEEN 2004 AND 2011

  • 2011: 107
  • 2010: 111
  • 2009: 104
  • 2008: 115
  • 2007: 136
  • 2006: 146
  • 2005: 148
  • 2004: 134

Source: Department of Transport

"The legal system doesn't adequately respond. I know so many cases - whether it's eight-year-olds, 80-year-olds, champions, children, whatever - cyclists of all ages and backgrounds and all levels of skill, being hit by drivers who then sort of say, 'Sorry mate, I didn't see you'."

He says the courts treat it as such and drivers "get slapped wrists".

"We shouldn't be accepting that sort of attitude," he says.

However, cyclists can also be to blame, sometimes by breaking the law.

The Institute of Advanced Motorists found that 57% of cyclists had jumped a red light at least once, with 14% doing it regularly or sometimes, in an online poll of 1,600 people earlier this year.

It found the main reason given was because it was safer to get ahead of other traffic but more than half of those polled (54%) also felt cyclists needed to improve their behaviour.

Brian MacDowall, spokesman for the Association of British Drivers, says safety depends on respect and responsibility on the part of all road users.

"Putting blame on one type of road user will not help make the roads safer," says Mr MacDowall, himself an avid cycling fan.

Former British cyclist Michael Hutchinson, now a journalist at Cycling Weekly, highlights a different approach.

"There have been suggestions that perhaps the driving test could include not only more instruction on cyclists but perhaps even a cycling module where new drivers have to pass a cycling test before they're allowed to drive a car," he says.

Cycling safety

  • Make eye contact with drivers so you are sure they have seen you
  • Fit a bell or horn to your bicycle, and use it to alert other road users
  • Show motorists what you plan to do in plenty of time - always look and signal before you start, stop or turn
  • Don't cycle too close to the kerb - further into the road you will avoid drain covers and roadside debris, and on narrow roads it can prevent dangerous overtaking by drivers
  • Be aware there are blind spots all around large vehicles - it's often safer to hang back
  • Do not use headphones or a mobile phone while cycling
  • Always wear bright clothing in the day, and reflective gear at night. It is against the law not to use lights in the dark
  • Road safety charity Brake advises wearing a helmet

Sources: NHS Choices, Transport for London, Brake

According to CTC, the national cycling charity, which quotes figures from the 2001 census, 43% of the population own or have access to a bicycle, while about 750,000 use a bike to get to work. However, these figures are no doubt much higher now.

Kaya Burgess, who is leading the Times's Cities Fit for Cycling campaign, is in no doubt that much more needs to be done to keep cyclists safe.

"It's awful that it takes such high-profile accidents for cycling safety to be so high up the agenda, but what we are calling for is that the roads in Britain just need to be improved for cyclists," he says.

He says that until this happens we will only see more incidents.

Road Safety Minister Stephen Hammond says cycle safety is "very much at the heart of transport policy".

"The government is fully committed to encouraging cycling and improving safety and recently launched the first THINK! cyclist campaign," he says.

"We have also invested £30m to tackle dangerous junctions for cyclists and are giving more than £1bn to councils to design solutions appropriate to their local transport challenges, including improving their road infrastructure to encourage cycling.

"We have also made it simpler for councils to put in place 20mph limits and install mirrors to improve the visibility of cyclists at junctions. We will continue to work with our partners, including British Cycling, to do everything possible to encourage cycling and improve safety."

 

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  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 95.

    The majority of drivers do not overtake bikes properly, they, should be allowing the same space as overtaking a small car not trying to pass whilst keepng on the LHS of the road. Double overtaking is prevalent, a bike thats overtaking something should only be overtaken in circumstances where it would be acceptable to double overtake a car. stopping these would stop about 50% of cyclist deaths

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 94.

    Cyclists are sometimes reckless & badly behaved. BUT, this CANNOT compare with motorists' behaviour whose slightest actions can be lethal. I have cycled in London for many years. I can't count the times in a day I see drivers on mobile phones, those who don't indicate, turn directly across a cyclist's path, surge out of side junctions without looking, those overtaking with a hair's breadth gap...

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 93.

    88. Vampire
    3 MINUTES AGO
    @ 82. Number 6

    Flattery is really good way to ensure continued business.
    +++
    Didn't do him any good, I passed first time.

    (And I'm still a better cyclist than I am a car driver).

  • rate this
    -6

    Comment number 92.

    Re 83: Please, carry on voting down my comment. It is exactly that attitude that cause 10 year old children to be allowed on the same roads as 42 ton trucks.

    I'm not anti-cyclist, just pragmatic. Put bluntly, the rights of cyclists are of little value when your family are identifying your body at the local mortuary. You keep right on pedaling.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 91.

    Re 53.sheila coleman
    “.It seems driving lesson/ test is too easy.2

    When cyclists are forced to take a test before they can get their compulsory insurance, you might have the beginnings of an argument.

    However as long as the only qualification is to ride red lights and disobey the Highway Code, you haven’t a broken leg to stand on

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 90.

    #78 usettobeBill

    "Headline: Is cycling getting more dangerous?
    Answer: Yes
    Next?"

    Headline: Is cycling getting more dangerous?
    Answer: No - all you have to do is look at the facts, rather than spout tosh.
    Next?

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 89.

    The current trend towards a large number of club cyclists wearing black is not assisting the safety of cyclists. Even on a bright sunny day this kit can merge into the background in sections of roads in shadows.

    Cyclists owe it to themselves and others to ensure they are reasonably visible particularly to those motorists who simply do not pay sufficient attention.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 88.

    @ 82. Number 6

    "When I was learning to drive my instructor said to me: ''you ride a bike don't you'' ''Yes'' I replied ''How did you know?''. ''You're got good road sense'' he said."

    Flattery is really good way to ensure continued business.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 87.

    Edward.
    "The first question is was Wiggins bike lawfully on the road, Did he have a white one at the front did his wheels spokes have white reflectors and was he on the road or LIKE many cyclists now on the Public Footpath. Was he speeding"

    Edward
    he was probably dressed head to foot in reflective clothing ,Most pro gear is reflective.Not likely to be dressed in a donkey jacket and jeans is he

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 86.

    76-bareheadedcyclist

    Almost all bikes are sold with reflectors.
    There is no speeding law as such, but a cyclist can't be going at what is classified as "excessively fast" which basically means they can go as fast as they like as long as it isn't causing danger to others. Most people can't go over about 30 mph. And defiantly not uphill.

  • rate this
    -5

    Comment number 85.

    I guess raty has seen the statements and knows what the driver did or didn't do. There are many occasions when cyclists are at fault. Oh i've been a Cyclist for 50 years and a retired Police Officer. Perhaps she the drive may have been stationary and he drove into her you need to wait before assuming guilt

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 84.

    I drive a lot in London, and frankly at this time of year (poor natural light levels) it is a total nightmare because of the number of cyclists who have either no lights or high viz reflectors, or have completely inadequate flickering pin pricks of dull light that cannot be seen from a distance. As there is for motor vehicles there should be legal minimum standards for lighting on bicycles.

  • rate this
    -17

    Comment number 83.

    There is a simple, immutable fact that cuts through all arguments of who is right and who is wrong in this discussion:

    In a collision between a motor vehicle and a cyclist, their is only ever one loser - the one without the engine.

    When cyclists realise this and stop trying to share roads with motor vehicles, the deaths and injuries will stop. Until then, they'll keep dying.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 82.

    70. Rabbitkiller

    Cycling is not dangerous. Crashing is dangerous. But very many of the cycling population lack road sense and are utterly ignorant about the Highway Code.
    +++
    When I was learning to drive my instructor said to me: ''you ride a bike don't you'' ''Yes'' I replied ''How did you know?''

    ''You're got good road sense'' he said.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 81.

    We have remember that car drivers are a different type of human sapien to cycle/motorbike riders and pedestrians. They are the Stig.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 80.

    In the future all cars will be computer controlled so bad driving will be a thing of the past.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 79.

    Re 50.WeRNotSoSmart
    “McGill - cycling is a mode of transport invented before the modern day car”

    That’s cycling as a means of transport, now, for the Lycra clad brigade, it’s an egotistical substitute for a meaningful life, usually undertaken by suicidal, arrogant, selfish idiots

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 78.

    Headline: Is cycling getting more dangerous?
    Answer: Yes
    Next?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 77.

    McGill it was the driver of the van who pulled out of a petrol station and hit Bradley Wiggins?Why the hell would he need insurance.If she had pulled out into the side of your car I'm sure you wouldn't take her side.The problem with anti cycling motorists is your not cyclists,where as most cyclists are also motorists. I myself drive for a living but am a keen cyclist,you obviously don't cycle.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 76.

    Edward.
    "The first question is was Bradleys Wiggins bike lawfully on the road, Did he have a white one at the front did his wheels spokes have white reflectors and was he on the road or LIKE many cyclists now on the Public Footpath. Was he speeding ?"

    Give us the law that requires a white reflector at the front.
    Give us the law about speeding on a bike.
    Tell us about shared use paths.

 

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