Is cycling getting more dangerous?

 
Shane Sutton (left) and Bradley Wiggins Shane Sutton (left) and Bradley Wiggins were both involved in collisions that left them injured

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After cycling champion Bradley Wiggins and British cycling head coach Shane Sutton were caught up in collisions with cars within hours of each other, how sure can cyclists be that they are safe on Britain's roads? And what can they do to protect themselves?

Just hours apart, two high-profile cyclists experienced first hand the dangerous side of the sport they love.

Reports came in on Wednesday night that Bradley Wiggins, the Olympic gold medallist and Tour de France winner, had been involved in a crash near a petrol station near Wigan, Lancashire. He suffered bruising.

And on Thursday came the news that Shane Sutton, the GB cycling head coach, had bleeding on the brain after a bike crash in the Manchester suburb of Levenshulme. He is still in hospital.

BBC sports news correspondent Dan Roan says it is "astonishing" that the pair suffered the same fate in separate incidents within hours of each other.

And cycling fans agree - many have taken to Twitter in the past 24 hours to describe their shock that two cyclists at the top of their game could be left in hospital.

Although this was undoubtedly an unfortunate coincidence, the incidents suggest that even the most experienced cyclists are not immune to the dangers of Britain's roads.

But just how dangerous is cycling? And is it becoming less safe?

'Not pleasant'

John Meudell, South East representative for CTC, the national cycling charity, says: "Cycling has become more dangerous because of the number of vehicles on the road - it has become more intimidating because motorists give you less and less room.

"One thing it isn't these days is pleasant."

'Life-threatening injuries'

Nigel Barclay, 45, from Banstead, Surrey, suffered life-threatening injuries when he was knocked off his bike by a car in March this year.

"I sustained two broken legs, my pelvis was broken in two places, my arm was broken, my elbow was smashed and I had multiple skull fractures," he says.

Mr Barclay suffered brain damage and is now deaf in one ear and partially sighted in one eye.

"I spent 12 days on life support. They were saying to my wife that they didn't know if I would survive or not," he says.

The teenage driver's punishment was four points on his licence, and Mr Barclay says the magistrates "let us down horrendously".

He adds: "The message it puts out is that it's OK to knock a cyclist off."

Figures from the Department for Transport (DfT) show that last year 107 cyclists were killed on British roads. In 2010, that figure was 111. It is likely most were male, the DfT says.

But since 2004, the figures show a gradual decline in the number of fatalities, which would suggest that the roads are becoming a safer place for those on two wheels.

However, a look at the figures for deaths and injuries combined paints a slightly different picture.

Although that figure hovered at about 16,000 between 2004 and 2008, since then it has steadily risen. Last year it was 19,215 - 2,030 more than in 2010.

And, according to figures collated by the Times - which has run a high-profile cycle safety campaign since one of its reporters was hit by a lorry and left in a coma - 104 cyclists have been killed so far this year. It is a figure the DfT cannot confirm but the newspaper says that this year's death toll looks set to overtake last year's.

Mr Meudell, who lives in Dorking, Surrey, and has been cycling for 50 years, says he believes a lack of interest "at all levels of government" has caused the roads to become increasingly dangerous.

"It is complacency on the part of the highways establishment," he says.

"Despite all the statements that they are improving, they are doing the opposite. The only way we are going to have progress is to have an independent inspectorate of roads like they have in America."

'Sorry, I didn't see you'

Roger Geffen, campaigns and policies director at the same charity, is concerned about a different type of complacency - among drivers.

"We see this sort of attitude that when drivers hit cyclists or indeed pedestrians... that it's just somehow an accident, it's somehow carelessness," he says.

CYCLIST ROAD DEATHS BETWEEN 2004 AND 2011

  • 2011: 107
  • 2010: 111
  • 2009: 104
  • 2008: 115
  • 2007: 136
  • 2006: 146
  • 2005: 148
  • 2004: 134

Source: Department of Transport

"The legal system doesn't adequately respond. I know so many cases - whether it's eight-year-olds, 80-year-olds, champions, children, whatever - cyclists of all ages and backgrounds and all levels of skill, being hit by drivers who then sort of say, 'Sorry mate, I didn't see you'."

He says the courts treat it as such and drivers "get slapped wrists".

"We shouldn't be accepting that sort of attitude," he says.

However, cyclists can also be to blame, sometimes by breaking the law.

The Institute of Advanced Motorists found that 57% of cyclists had jumped a red light at least once, with 14% doing it regularly or sometimes, in an online poll of 1,600 people earlier this year.

It found the main reason given was because it was safer to get ahead of other traffic but more than half of those polled (54%) also felt cyclists needed to improve their behaviour.

Brian MacDowall, spokesman for the Association of British Drivers, says safety depends on respect and responsibility on the part of all road users.

"Putting blame on one type of road user will not help make the roads safer," says Mr MacDowall, himself an avid cycling fan.

Former British cyclist Michael Hutchinson, now a journalist at Cycling Weekly, highlights a different approach.

"There have been suggestions that perhaps the driving test could include not only more instruction on cyclists but perhaps even a cycling module where new drivers have to pass a cycling test before they're allowed to drive a car," he says.

Cycling safety

  • Make eye contact with drivers so you are sure they have seen you
  • Fit a bell or horn to your bicycle, and use it to alert other road users
  • Show motorists what you plan to do in plenty of time - always look and signal before you start, stop or turn
  • Don't cycle too close to the kerb - further into the road you will avoid drain covers and roadside debris, and on narrow roads it can prevent dangerous overtaking by drivers
  • Be aware there are blind spots all around large vehicles - it's often safer to hang back
  • Do not use headphones or a mobile phone while cycling
  • Always wear bright clothing in the day, and reflective gear at night. It is against the law not to use lights in the dark
  • Road safety charity Brake advises wearing a helmet

Sources: NHS Choices, Transport for London, Brake

According to CTC, the national cycling charity, which quotes figures from the 2001 census, 43% of the population own or have access to a bicycle, while about 750,000 use a bike to get to work. However, these figures are no doubt much higher now.

Kaya Burgess, who is leading the Times's Cities Fit for Cycling campaign, is in no doubt that much more needs to be done to keep cyclists safe.

"It's awful that it takes such high-profile accidents for cycling safety to be so high up the agenda, but what we are calling for is that the roads in Britain just need to be improved for cyclists," he says.

He says that until this happens we will only see more incidents.

Road Safety Minister Stephen Hammond says cycle safety is "very much at the heart of transport policy".

"The government is fully committed to encouraging cycling and improving safety and recently launched the first THINK! cyclist campaign," he says.

"We have also invested £30m to tackle dangerous junctions for cyclists and are giving more than £1bn to councils to design solutions appropriate to their local transport challenges, including improving their road infrastructure to encourage cycling.

"We have also made it simpler for councils to put in place 20mph limits and install mirrors to improve the visibility of cyclists at junctions. We will continue to work with our partners, including British Cycling, to do everything possible to encourage cycling and improve safety."

 

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  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 55.

    28.
    bareheadedcyclist

    Speeding is illegal, but one of those laws that are (sic) [multipe laws, one law in question] anreever enforced.

    You obviously think cyclist should be allowed to run down pedestrians. You are entitled the that opinion. You might not be so happy when yo nip out for a pint of milt and get run down.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 54.

    It is no wonder that cyclists are more at risk on the roads, with some of the comments on here and other sites. Yes there are bad cyclists out there, the same as there are bad drivers and yes I have seen cars go through red lights. However as a car driver & cyclist I understand that I have a responsibility to other road users who are more vulnerable. It takes nothing to slow down to safely pass.

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 53.

    41 Mcgill. Wrong,we allow motorists who think they are racing drivers on the roads, idiots. Those that say pavements are not cycle paths are wrong many now are officially used for cycles & pedestrians.It seems driving lesson/ test is too easy. In my day we were taught curtesy for ALL road users whether we were on bikes or car. Now very few look left/right/signal they are using mobiles instead

  • rate this
    +10

    Comment number 52.

    I lived in Holland for six years, in Germany for twenty four years. Anybody in Britain who thinks that this country is in any way geared up for safe cycling has his or her brain on another planet.

  • rate this
    -5

    Comment number 51.

    Anyone who is so stupid and arrogant to think that they can ride through red lights without the possibility of getting killed shouldn’t be on the road.

    That’s most cyclists

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 50.

    To quote some comments: "Lycra clad idiots", "Car driving idiots". We're all idiots - best give each other plenty of room then.
    McGill - cycling is a mode of transport invented before the modern day car. I cycle and I also drive a car and I try to keep an eye out for other people - it's being responsible and respectful of others that works best.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 49.

    It's hard not to generalise but there are some really arrogant cyclists out there who think nothing of cycling on pavements, ignoring red lights, cycling two abreast etc. They really do themselves no favours sometimes.

    Of course there are many idiot motorists as well, which is all the more reason that cyclists have a duty (to themselves) to be more careful.

  • rate this
    -4

    Comment number 48.

    Wiggins is only a cyclist. I think people who develop a cure for cancer should get a medal and riches.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 47.

    The number of cyclists riding without lights must be at a record high. Is there any enforcement of the laws requiring cyclists to have lights when it is dark? 60yrs ago there was a regular list in the local paper of cyclists caught without lights but today are there any sanctions? No doubt I will be told it is not a problem but the number riding with ear pieces listening to music cannot help.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 46.

    Living in a rural area you go for a day without these Lycra clad, wanabe, and middle aged, imitation athletes trying to get them killed on the roads.

    I very often see them riding three abreast on major roads, perhaps if they bothered to read the Highway Code, or even realised that they don’t own the road, they may be able to stay out of hospital

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 45.

    39. David
    3 MINUTES AGO
    My son has developed a solution for cyclists who cycle through pedestrian crossings on red - he pushes them off. And he is a big lad.

    --
    I did that with a car, broke me wrist i did.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 44.

    Most cyclists are fine...usually the ones that know how to drive are ok since they understand what other road users are likely to do.

    But the ones who have never driven are often dangerous, especially to pedestrians. No sense of awareness, complete neglect of the highway code and a attitude of smug superiority.

    Bad cyclists should be punished...they are ruining the reputation of all cyclists.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 43.

    Ask yourselves, how often you see motorists doing stupid things compared with cyclists? What's the ratio of deaths caused by cyclists to deaths caused by motorists? Cycling is safer overall but humans ride bikes and they drive cars - we're all prone to doing stupid things everyday of our lives. If you involve an olympian or celebrity during your stupidity you'll hit the headlines.

  • rate this
    -2

    Comment number 42.

    More courtesy is needed from all road users, but especially semi-pro cycists. The Great North Road in Newcastle has superb cycle paths but the 'Lycra' people insist on using the road and holding everyone else up. 50 mph verses 15 mph. They're putting themselves at risk.

  • rate this
    -3

    Comment number 41.

    Cycling is a sport, yet it is allowed on major roads.

    We don’t allow football on roads; we don’t allow rugby on roads, for good reason.

    Why do we allow these lycra clad idiots on roads?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 40.

    31.Name Number 6
    Cycing on a pavement is illegal...

    "No it isn't". All I can say is "yes it is". Check on google or in a local library. Cycling is allowed on "bridleways, road and tracks" but not footpaths.

  • rate this
    -3

    Comment number 39.

    My son has developed a solution for cyclists who cycle through pedestrian crossings on red - he pushes them off. And he is a big lad.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 38.

    It is certainly getting more dangerous being a pedestrian. I've had several near misses with cyclists on pavements.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 37.

    Also as the evenings get darker, a motorist is going to focus on the ten ton lorry with massive headlights, and may miss the strip of lycra with a couple of tiny flashing LEDs

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 36.

    This morning I had to explain to a lycra laddie who I prevented from going through a red light that I did not want to have to check whether or not it was safe to cross on a red light due to him and his ilk.

    I just wanted to cross the road when it was supposed to be safe to do so. He disagreed and felt it was his right to be discretionary because he was contributing to society by cycling.

 

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