Ceefax service closes down after 38 years on BBC

 

How BBC Northern Ireland viewers saw Ceefax say goodbye after 38 years

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BBC Ceefax, the world's first teletext service, has completed its final broadcast after 38 years on air.

Before Olympic champion Dame Mary Peters turned off the last of the UK's analogue TV signals in Belfast, a series of graphics on Ceefax's front page disappeared down to a small dot.

The Plain English Campaign earlier gave Ceefax a lifetime achievement award for "clarity" and use of "everyday words".

And ex-Prime Minister Sir John Major said Ceefax would be "much missed".

Sir John, who has previously revealed that he regularly checked Ceefax pages between Downing Street meetings to keep up to date with cricket scores, said: "Ceefax will be much missed. At moments of high pressure - with little time for detailed examination of the news - Ceefax headlines offered an instant window on the world.

Fond farewells

  • Gary Lineker (via Twitter): I see Ceefax has finally been put to rest. How on earth can we watch Wimbledon now?
  • Nicky Byrne (Strictly contestant, via Twitter): When I was named in the Leeds United 1st team squad v Southampton in 1995 aged 16 my mam & dad recorded the story from Ceefax!!!
  • Pete Clifton (Ceefax editor 1996-2000, via MSN): I'm mourning the death of an old friend, increasingly slow, creaky and made of Lego blocks - but despite outward appearances, a significant force behind some of the whizziest news services in the UK today.
  • Adam Shergold, via Mail Online: "I always admired the reporters who managed to mention every goal in a 4-4 thriller within the confines of four pixelated paragraphs."
  • Lee Walker, Eurosport: "Today marks the death of Jeff Stelling's electronic stepfather."

"From breaking global news to domestic sports news, Ceefax was speedy, accurate and indispensable. It can be proud of its record."

A few weeks after Ceefax provided coverage of its 10th and final Olympic Games, Lord Coe added his own tribute by saying: "Ceefax has been an invaluable news service for every sports fan over the last 38 years.

"I have checked in on many a sports news story, track and field triumph and, of course, Chelsea results!"

Ceefax was launched on 23 September 1974 to give BBC viewers the chance to check the latest news headlines, sports scores, weather forecast or TV listings - in a pre-internet era where the only alternative was to wait for the next TV or radio bulletin to be aired.

Its premise was to give viewers free access to the same information that was coming into the BBC newsroom, as soon as the BBC's journalists had received it.

Ceefax had initially been developed when BBC engineers, exploring ways to provide subtitles to enable viewers with hearing problems to enjoy BBC TV programmes, found it was possible to transmit full pages of text information in the "spare lines" transmitted on the analogue TV signal.

Ceefax in the news

Roy Essandoh
  • In 2001, Roy Essandoh (above) became an FA Cup hero thanks to Ceefax. He read a plea from injury-hit Wycombe for players and got the winner in a quarter-final tie against Leicester
  • Bruce Rioch found out he had been sacked as QPR assistant manager when he read it on Ceefax
  • In 1999, Glenn Hoddle's daughter Zara wrote to Ceefax to back her father when his job as England manager hung in the balance
  • Early in his TV career, Gary Lineker said viewers would have been better off watching the first half of a Wimbledon match on Ceefax
  • In 1994, a newsflash was briefly broadcast on Ceefax during a rehearsal saying the Queen Mother had died. The BBC apologised to her.

The BBC then appointed veteran journalist Colin McIntyre, its former UN correspondent and chief publicity officer, as the first editor of a news and information service which was broadcast using the same method.

It was called Ceefax, simply because viewers would be able to quickly "see the facts" of any story of the day.

McIntyre initially updated 24 news pages on his own, feeding punch tape into machines, before recruiting Ceefax's first eight journalists.

Initially the service was a minority interest, with just a handful of Ceefax-capable TVs in the UK, but it slowly started to gain popularity and the engineering team that developed the service was honoured with a Queen's Award for innovation.

But the real impetus for viewers came when BBC Television decided to use a selection of Ceefax pages, accompanied by music, before the start of programming each day. Initially called Ceefax AM and Ceefax In Vision, the Pages From Ceefax "programme" continued for 30 years, being broadcast overnight on BBC Two until this week.

As viewers got a small taste of what Ceefax had to offer, millions of Britons during the 1980s invested in new teletext-enabled TV sets which gave them access to the full Ceefax service, which by now included recipe details for dishes prepared on BBC cookery shows, share prices, music reviews and an annual advent calendar.

Its audience peaked in the 1990s when it had 20 million viewers who checked the service at least once a week. Since the launch of the National Lottery in 1994, dozens of jackpot winners have revealed that they first learned their life had been changed when they checked their numbers on Ceefax.

The BBC's Points of View programme looks back at Ceefax's 38 years on air

But the launch of the UK's TV digital signal, and the announcement that the analogue TV signal would disappear in a staged switch-off over five years, meant a slow withdrawal of Ceefax, ending with the final broadcast in Northern Ireland.

BBC Northern Ireland and UTV screened a simulcast reviewing the era of analogue TV, and then Dame Mary Peters - 1972 Olympic gold medallist in the pentathlon - pressed the button to change the television landscape.

The hour-long special programme, The Magic Box, was hosted by Eamonn Holmes.

The show was billed as a nostalgic celebration of "the best of Northern Ireland television over the past 60 years".

Speaking as he closed the simulcast programme, Mr Holmes thanked viewers for watching and said: "Here's to the next 60 years."

At the very start

The early days of the service proved anything but hi-tech.

Ceefax journalists would monitor incoming wire copy and when a story was to be updated they would type at one of two production terminals and create a Ceefax page.

Then, they had to produce a punched tape - approximately a yard long - and take it down two flights of stairs to the Central Apparatus Room, load it into a tape reader and watch as it was read into an anonymous metal box called a core store which actually transmitted the pages.

A walk back up to the sixth floor followed and if, at that point, it was discovered that a spelling mistake had been made, the journalist had to go through the whole process again.

It ensured close attention to detail when writing!

Dame Mary described the role of switching off the last analogue transmitter, at Divis Mountain in Belfast, as "a great privilege".

Viewers who checked Ceefax during the evening saw a special graphics countdown on page 100.

And weather presenters on the BBC during the day paid their own tribute by incorporating Ceefax's Lego block-style maps into their forecasts.

Ceefax's commitment to getting information to viewers as quickly and clearly as possible has been marked by the lifetime achievement award from the Plain English Campaign, the pressure group that calls for the use of concise and clear language in all public communication.

Founder Chrissie Maher said: "Ceefax helped everyday people with everyday words and I will be giving it a Chrissie Maher Award for its 30 years of commitment to using plain English. It was my first port of call."

She added: "It helped the public keep in touch with world affairs and everyday information with its crystal-clear communications. I will miss its clarity."

Steve Herrmann, editor of the BBC News website, said in response: "Throughout its distinguished years of service to audiences, Ceefax has always aimed to provide news which is clear, concise and simply expressed.

"It is an honour for us to receive this lifetime achievement award, and it stands as a tribute to all the journalists who have worked on the service over the years, and the care they have taken in writing every story."

Ceefax journalists in 1981 and 2012 The technology has changed over the years and Ceefax is now produced at New Broadcasting House

Culture Minister Ed Vaizey said: "Ceefax revolutionised the way in which the public accessed information. Its peak audience of 20 million viewers is testament to the regard in which it was held - its cessation a reminder of how quickly technology is now progressing."

Harriet Harman, Labour's deputy leader and shadow culture secretary, said: "Ceefax is a great national institution, and it's sad to bid goodbye to a service which gave so many access to news, sport, TV listings and much else besides.

"But with the end of one era comes the start of another as the digital switchover is completed - people can access more channels, and interactive services which are the successors of Ceefax."

Highlights of final pages from Ceefax

 

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  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 109.

    First Betamax, now this!

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 108.

    The other thing that I wanted to mention about the teletext system was that it suffered from 'ghosting'! The delayed images affected pictures by reducing the digital signal 'eye height' – producing gibberish on the text screen. Scottish and Welsh viewers often suffered from reflected signals from mountains and gasometers could cause problems for town dwellers. It kept us IBA and BBC staff busy!

  • rate this
    +17

    Comment number 107.

    Goodtimes with ceefax...
    Xmas advent calendar
    Jokes pages
    Bambozzle
    Sports results
    the list goes on...
    Technology moves on as it always does...
    to a faster more demanding society where everything has to be NOW
    Is it actually better? debateable? poor connections slow download speeds seem to be going backwards with most of it!

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 106.

    Our family used to book last minute holidays off ceefax and for flight arrival times when picking up relatives at the airport. I used it too not that long ago off an old tv we still have. Before 24 hour news, was ceefax. Its really sad in a weird kinda way. Will always have fondness for it.People seem desperate to ditch the old & reliable and rush along for new technical must haves! Such a shame.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 105.

    Dont also forget the ITV version which had a very rich content! eg The colourful holiday pages., which had an almost endless cycle...I think I preferred the ITV version, lots more useful info. My borther used it to get shares info.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 104.

    86.Parsim "what's going to happen to programme Subtitles?"
    Satellite / Freeview boxes still have the capability to show them, though the bigger issue seems to be the over-reliance on live subtitles (and voice-recognition software) for recorded shows. I suspect that the sale of spare spectrum to mobile operators is the real reason why the service can't be continued as elsewhere.

  • rate this
    +14

    Comment number 103.

    As a kid i used my ZX Spectrum to clone a fake ceefax page then waited until my parents and neighbours where in to flick over.

    They were shocked that Bubbles, Michael Jackson's chimp, had jumped onto his lama from a tree causing it to stampede and trample Michael to death.

    The terrible news spread around all the neighbours for hours before they realised it wasn't on normal news.

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 102.

    how about a TV programme about Ceefax. I for one miss it since we went digital, it was quicker than trying to fire up a laptop and get a WiFi signal to go to the BBC website if you just want to see a football result.

  • rate this
    +8

    Comment number 101.

    I had to laugh at the remark below about Ceefax 'being a chore to watch'. How is it a chore to sit and just watch a TV screen, when compared to having to use a mouse to search, then figure out why broadband has crashed yet again, your PC has been hacked by criminals and trolls and you've spent ages negotiating tiresome 'cookie' pop-ups and screen-burning ads? Oh, it was SLOW. That must be why....

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 100.

    In the 80's and 90's I used Ceefax all the time. Looking up TV program times, the weather, the top 40 and even exchange rates. Yes it was slow but it was reliable. Having said that, it must be at least 10 years since I last used it so I am not really going to miss it.

    The internet has a billion times more data but there was something very simplistic about Ceefax and Teletext that has been lost.

  • Comment number 99.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 98.

    Another British invention bows out – but we gave the idea to the world! Jointly developed by the BBC at Kingswood Warren in Surrey and the old IBA at Crawley Court in Hampshire (where I worked) this amazing system (developed from test signals within the transmitted video pictures) is something we'll all miss. The digital equivalent just isn't the same!

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 97.

    I had great fun on the BBC micro programming an external teletext decoder box to make my own database system to retrieve and store and update the pages that interested me, without having to wait for the cyclng of the pages, back in pre history. Good times

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 96.

    Through the early 90's I travelled a lot on business. The first thing that I would do when I woke up was to check the flight delays on Ceefax, and if I was due home my then girlfriend and now wife would be always on the lookout for my plane landing.

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 95.

    I bought an ORIC 48K !!!!! computer, simply because it had the ability to create CEEFAX type pages. It was cutting edge at the time.
    Ceefax / teletext was a brilliant invention and although it is now "out of date" showed a lot of people and interested people in a computers capabilities.. Don't discount it's value on the world we know now.

  • rate this
    +6

    Comment number 94.

    Farewell, MODE7; that Mullard chip did very well indeed, for its day, and Teletext was an ingenious invention. It's lasted very well, too. I can't help but liken it - being squeezed into spare space in the top couple of frame lines and the field blanking interval - with SMS text messaging, which is squeezed into some spare bytes in SS7 call setup signalling.

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 93.

    My first Ceefax experience was on a huge old teak TV set in Kidderminster library, set up for public access before it was common in homes. And like Ceefax that echoey old C19th library was destroyed and replaced with a sleek, 'modern' statement that we were told would be better but never quite had the soul of the original. Progress is not necessarily all positive and as much can be lost as gained.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 92.

    Many many moons ago, I was involved in the viewers panel for Ceefax, getting occasional forms to fill out with responses to what was new or just opinions about what I was reading.
    Long before the days of online polling....

    I barely ever use the 'Red button', as its always been a fairly second rate alternative, and having 24 hour BBC news kills the need anyway.
    Have the Android app too...

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 91.

    When I was at school in the early 80s, when two people had their watches reading slightly differnt times, you would often hear someone exclaim, "Well, I set mine off of Ceefax this morning!"

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 90.

    It's just a pity that the red button text doesn't have the same content level - especially the TV listings and whether or not shows are repeats. Now if they could be added to the red button on the BBC channels ....

 

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