Jimmy Savile and workplace culture today

 

The Metropolitan Police's Operation Yew Tree is looking at eight allegations against Sir Jimmy Savile

When I was a cub reporter on my local newspaper in the late 1970s, I returned from the magistrates court with what I thought was a front page story. A councillor had appeared on charges of sexual assault on young girls, an alleged abuse of power that had left me shocked.

But my disgust turned to outrage when the news editor told me they wouldn't be running the story. "Our readers don't want to hear about that kind of thing," he said. I remember he used the word "paedophilia" - a term I hadn't heard before. Whatever it meant, it was not a subject deemed worthy of space in that evening's paper.

It is a reminder of just how attitudes have changed. Many readers will recall how, 40 or 50 years ago, children were warned about the uncle with "wandering hands", the local flasher who hung around the playground or the PE teacher who took particular pleasure in getting small boys to do naked press-ups (that happened at my school).

But all too rarely were these kinds of concerns taken to the authorities. In fact, one suspects that the police would have regarded accusations of such improper behaviour as domestic or trivial. Rather like my news editor, the desk sergeant would probably have shrugged and suggested the complainant worried about proper crime.

The Jimmy Savile story takes the sexual politics of the present day and applies them to another age. The teenage groupies in the 60s and 70s who hung around the pop scene, hoping a bit of the glamour and excitement would rub off onto their own lives, were entering very dangerous territory - a world where sexual liberation was colliding with traditional power structures.

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Many career women over the age of 50 will have a story of being touched up or groped by some senior colleague at work”

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It is obvious now that many young lives were seriously damaged by powerful men who took advantage of the new freedoms and opportunities, exploiting their position without thought for their responsibilities. The sex and drugs and rock 'n' roll philosophy glorified hedonic pleasure, living for the moment and to hell with the consequences.

But consequences there were for the victims, if not for the perpetrators.

Today, of course, the word paedophilia is a familiar term in the news lexicon. Those found guilty of crossing the boundaries face the full force of public condemnation as well as the full force of the law. There is nothing trivial or domestic about the sexual assault or rape of children.

A similar cultural change can be seen with the sexual politics of the office. Many career women over the age of 50 will have a story of being touched up or groped by some senior colleague at work. From the 60s until relatively recently, there existed a pervasive attitude that unwanted sexual advances were an irritant rather than a disciplinary matter or a crime.

1960s office life Has office life improved for women since the 1960s?

Although the Sex Discrimination Act of 1975 did provide some protection for women in the workplace, it was not until the Protection from Harassment Act 1997 that employers were obliged to take seriously the issue of female staff being bullied or sexually harassed in the office.

Bosses covered their legal obligations by introducing equal opportunities policies and training sessions, requiring staff to discuss and consider the meaning of acceptable and unacceptable behaviour in the work-place. I think this open debate had a much bigger impact on male behaviour in the office than the threat of legal action.

The Employment Equality (Sex Discrimination) Regulations of 2005 provided clear protection for any woman subjected to "unwanted conduct that has the purpose or effect of violating her dignity or of creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for her".

The TUC has said that law means "that if, for example, a colleague persists in making remarks about what nice legs a female employee has, or her boss promises her promotion if she goes away with him for the weekend, she should be able to claim that this is sexual harassment".

Legislation Aim

Sex Discrimination Act 1975

To protect women and men from discrimination on the grounds of sex or marriage - established the Equal Opportunities Commission (now the Equality and Human Rights Commission

Protection from Harassment Act 1997

To criminalise stalking and bullying in the workplace, and to make employers vicariously liable for harassment claims by employees

Employment Equality (Sex Discrimination) Regulations 2005

To introduce new definitions of indirect discrimination and harassment, and prohibit discrimination on the grounds of pregnancy or maternity leave

At the time these laws were being debated, there were plenty of voices arguing they were unnecessary - more red tape binding business from the "right-on brigade". Today, I suspect few people would demand the repeal of such legislation. Office politics has changed markedly over recent decades.

So, again, when considering the lecherous behaviour of disc jockeys and other pop celebrities in the past, we need to remember the cultural framework within which it happened. That is not to excuse the boorish, thoughtless or vile activities of powerful men who should have known better.

But it is a reminder of how far we have come and how recent some of those changes have been. We sometimes fail to notice how civilizing forces are improving people's behaviour.

Anyone with information into these allegations - or who needs support on the issues raised in this article - can call the NSPCC on 0808 800 5000 or email help@nspcc.org.uk, or call their local police station by dialling 101.

 
Mark Easton Article written by Mark Easton Mark Easton Home editor

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  • Comment number 595.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 594.

    It is saddening, yet utterly predictable, that a number of people commenting here are more concerned with attacking the BBC, presumably irritated at having to pay a licence fee, than in having any genuine concern for the victims. This vile cynicism has no place in any genuine debate regarding this appalling matter. My thoughts are with the victims in the hope that they find some belated justice.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 593.

    "592.
    AJS

    The past is a foreign country. They do things differently there.

    The fact that this sort of thing is newsworthy today is a testament to just how far we have come. "


    Child rape was definitely not acceptable 50 years ago!

  • rate this
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    Comment number 592.

    The past is a foreign country. They do things differently there.

    The fact that this sort of thing is newsworthy today is a testament to just how far we have come. It doesn't mean, though, that in 50 years' time we won't look back with incredulity at the early years of the 21st century and think "We called *that* equality?"

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 591.

    Just becasue the allewged offences were i the 70's and so on is no excuse.

    Sexist and odious behaviour is never justified however talented, (or in the case of Saville, not), the perpetrator is.

    Women and young girls are fully deserving of respect whatever the era and to try and excuse any of this, or these allegations, is ridiculous.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 590.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-19887019

    From the above article.

    "The briefing was told that a range of different names had been reported to police, as well as Sir Jimmy's."

    Who are these other named persons ? where do/did they work.

    And yes lets get this in contex , if true, then Jimmy Savile made a business around gaining access to underaged girls over 40 years, but its okish it was the 70s !

  • Comment number 589.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • Comment number 588.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 587.

    Jimmy Savile was idolised as was Gary Glitter and others by pubescent 'teenyboppers'. To them the pop scene was all that mattered. If Savile is guilty - and we will never know, he's dead! Then by all means pursue this but let's get it into context. Let's not have a 'jump on the bandwagon' - witchhunt!

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 586.

    99.nautonier
    It demonstrates nothing of the kind. The BBC is not a socialist organisation despite what you think. If it were, it would have not employed Savile, a friend of Thatcher who accepted a knighted from her and an OBE under a previous tory regime and who was a friend of the royals and pillar of the establishment. Doesn't sound very socialist to me.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 585.

    The 70's had an odious nature, which includes the sexual abuse of hundreds of children in state run children homes in North Wales and Jersey, children in the care of The Catholic Church and Church of England, a culture of Page 3 girls, BBC sit com comedies like Man about the House which joked about rape, and others which used racism or the suppression of women: the National Front and Jimi Savile.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 584.

    532 Steve
    It depends where you lived. I moved from Home Counties to Leeds in 1970s, culturally a different planet. In general the culture in Leeds and the West Riding was highly sexist particularly in the hospitals of the area where I worked (including the one where Saville operated his 'Northern Agency' from.) The Dark Ages were alive and well in Leeds in the 70s.

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    Comment number 583.

    Re 558.alexicon
    I think you have a problem with logic and the philosophy of causation. The sexualisation of society by the media, the use of sex in marketing and the way some dress do not cause abuse, but they do cause other things: risk, unattainable fantasies, warped minds etc. These are some of the conditions (not causes) that add to the likelihood of abuse.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 582.

    Living near the BBC in White City, I'd like to point out there is something wonderfully old age about their working culture, in that the bar is packed at lunch time and throughout Friday. Nothing wrong with turning up at your desk half wasted after a liquid lunch!

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 581.

    572.Good Egg
    People who murder other people and then kill themselves before facing trial can still be proven to have done the deed. No-one's talking about a trial for Savile but an investigation is almost certain to establish beyond reasonable doubt whether he did what he is accused of having done. This 'not here to defend himself' line is a complete red-herring.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 580.

    Great article. In the 70's I witnessed a drunk training instructor in our factory abusing a man physically. I did not have the skills to deal with it as it could have been me next.
    It is not only woman that have had issues as result of abuse by the culture of the 70's. Look at the sitcoms of that day, very revealing.
    As stated new laws make the company responsible. This is history,

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 579.

    IN no way is this comment aimed at condoning such deplorable acts ( if true ) however . it would be unfair to sir jimmy!s memory if these allegations are allowed to gather credibility in the absence of those casting aspersions being aware of the fact that to gain entry to the totp studio audiiences were governed in the same way that nite clubs are by an over 18s policy

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 578.

    I am suspicious of all these claims after the man has died. Any abuse is disgusting and if these matters had been raised in a timely fashion they could have been addressed correctly. I await to see if any private actions are brought for damages from the estate. I hope I am wrong.

  • rate this
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    Comment number 577.

    I started work in the early 70's. I can only remember that sexual abuse was NOT condoned rather than the other way around. In the 80's we got our boss sacked for maltreating a female colleague. Today we might not dare to do so.

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 576.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-19887019

    Already 20-25 cases spanning 40 years, not 40 years ago but over 40 years !

    So this article by Mark says what ? nothing just a frail excuse as to why it happend at the BBC !

 

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