Analysis: London Met's foreign students


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Why has London Metropolitan University been banned from accepting foreign students from outside of the European Union?

The UK Border Agency's decision to revoke its licence comes down to a judgement in government that the institution could not be trusted to help stop illegal immigration.

The UK's modern immigration system has been designed to force universities to do more to make sure that only the right students get in - and that those who should leave do so at the end of their courses.

London Met had a special status as a "Highly Trusted Sponsor" (HTS).

The HTS system was introduced so that universities who benefit directly from migration do what they can to help prevent the education system being used by people who want to work illegally, rather than study.

The system means that a university or college has to take reasonable steps to ensure that an applicant is a genuine student.

Once the university is satisfied with its own assessment, which includes language skills, it provides a certificate that sponsors the individual as they apply for a visa to come to the UK.

If the UKBA does not grant visas to at least eight out of 10 prospective students, it can revoke an institution's HTS status on the grounds that it hasn't been properly checking applicants.

A university can also lose its status if more than 10% of sponsored students don't actually enrol or if there is a significant drop-out rate from the course - both potential signs of students disappearing to work illegally.

Finally, universities must show that enrolled students are making academic progression - turning up and handing in their essays.

Sounds complicated? The full rules on the UKBA website run to 72 pages.

Three tests

So what happened at London Met? Basically, it failed three tests.

The UKBA sampled up to 250 files at London Met to see how rigorously it was monitoring its foreign students.

Damian Green: "I am not chucking anyone out... I am enforcing the rules"

In the first test, officials found that 26 out of 101 sampled students had no valid visa to be in the UK. In the second, officials concluded that 142 out of 250 had attendance problems.

When it came to speaking English, 20 of 50 sampled certificates - the university's seal of approval for a student - showed evidence that their English had not been properly tested.

Those results were enough to convince the UKBA that the university had to lose its status.

The question that we simply cannot answer is how many of the students caught up in the middle of all of this are genuine or bogus. The point the UKBA is making is that London Met's procedures were not good enough to know one way or the other.

That, however, is not good enough for the university. Professor Malcolm Gillies, the vice chancellor, has described the UKBA's decision as "not particularly cogent" which is a polite way of saying sheer lunacy.

Start Quote

I quite understand why the UKBA is concerned about unscrupulous colleges above a chip shop on the High Street, but they are being overly suspicious of universities”

End Quote Immigration lawyer Edward Wanambwa

He goes on: "I would go so far as to say that UKBA has been rewriting its own guidelines on this issue and this is something which should cause concern to all universities in the UK."

The impact of this decision on London Met's foreign students is potentially life-changing. Their visa and permission to be in the UK is entirely dependent on the fact that they are sponsored by a trusted organisation.

If the organisation is no longer trusted, then the student has no right to stay. So, unless its 2,000 non-EU students can find another institution and course, they could be out or pocket within months - and out of the country to boot.

The UKBA has been targeting private colleges in a crackdown on illegal immigration scams - but has it now crossed the Rubicon by going after a university?

London Met has a chequered history and has faced criticism in the past about how it has managed its internal affairs. That's why officials say today that the London Met decision may be a one-off in exceptional circumstances.

But two other universities, Glasgow Caledonian and Teesside, were earlier warned they could lose their status before being given the all clear.

The BBC has learnt that two further universities have sought legal advice amid growing fears that they could lose their HTS status.

So what happens now? Students will scramble to find replacement courses and there could be legal action running to tens of millions of pounds.

Immigration lawyer Edward Wanambwa of Russell Cooke Solicitors says London Met could judicially review the UKBA decision - but students could separately sue the university for their massive personal losses.

"The UKBA has been confusing universities with colleges," he says. "I quite understand why the UKBA is concerned about unscrupulous colleges above a chip shop on the High Street, but they are being overly suspicious of universities."

The bigger picture

One final point. The immigration fate of 2,000 students hardly affects the government's target to cut net migration to tens of thousands by the end of the Parliament.

The latest figures - published on the same day that we learnt of the London Met decision - show that the government is still a long way from achieving that goal.

Study remains the most common reason for migrating to the UK estimated at 232,000 in the year to December 2011, just a few thousand down on the previous year.

The Home Office says that more recent data shows a big drop in new student visas and that may, in time, be the deciding factor.

Dominic Casciani Article written by Dominic Casciani Dominic Casciani Home affairs correspondent

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  • rate this

    Comment number 231.

    UKBA I think have to check more others sectors. Also, international students are additional or even one of the main income for UK. So why we have to be under control like animals on a zoo.

  • rate this

    Comment number 230.

    To be honest, there are a lot of possibilities to stay in this country illegal. I think you can not imagine. I have seen a lot of people, who are using this opportunity. I am not going to judge them. It is not my deal. However, as I said previously, the international students, who are paying significant financial and emotional costs, are not the main proportion of illegal immigrants in UK.

  • rate this

    Comment number 229.

    While guidance is clear (I don't know how LMU got it so wrong), I think that asking universities to police the border is wrong. International students are a low risk category for abusing immigration now that the dodgy colleges are shut down. I've no problem checking paperwork, but the UKBA ask too much, we're doing their job and damaging the UK's reputation as a study destination in the process.

  • rate this

    Comment number 228.

    I work for a university UKBA compliance team. We have to monitor each student from the moment we sponsor them (before they come to the UK), report every visa refusal (don't UKBA know?), when students finish, we have to keep evidence that students have either applied for a new visa or left the UK (again, don't they know?). In other words, I am policing the border for a living. Ridiculous.

  • rate this

    Comment number 227.

    i'm currently working in a company in Tier 2 status. it has been for 4.5 years. I could say that i admire that British Law's strictness. Whatever the cost happens, it will be ruled. If my employer lose their sponsorship, i have to find another job or leave UK in thirty days. Simple is that.

    What i don't understand is how LMU ignored UKBA's strict approach and their warning before their visit.

  • rate this

    Comment number 226.

    The UKBA's decision is very unfair for LMU non-EU students. But why do you expect a state institution to be fair in first place? I do not believe in fair state institutions anymore. I have learnt that to survive here you have to learn the UKBA rules by heart, never question them, and read and re-read them daily. Sometimes I feel like a mouse in an awkward pseudo-scientific experiment.

  • rate this

    Comment number 225.

    At last, somebody is implementing the law on immigrants, at last, at last!
    The number of frauds was very large. deception, fraud and intent to deceive just to get to stay here.
    Just because you are a foreigner, doesn't mean you can ignore the law!
    Righteous imperial guilt time is over. get the frauds out!

  • rate this

    Comment number 224.

    Why do we have rules allowing foreign students to come to the UK.
    Then allow certain people to change the rules?
    Would these certain people be brilliant Politicians?
    Or,Are Politicians brilliant.
    The rest of us ignorant.
    Are people far more important than the Party?
    Or does any of this really matter if you get re-elected.
    Do we have any really honest MPs?

  • rate this

    Comment number 223.

    Genuine students will not come to uk anymore .only people who just need entry will come .The university should definitely sue uk a for loss of reptation in High Court.

  • rate this

    Comment number 222.

    Very simple solution from the investment banking world - Just kick out the bottom 15% in the exam yearly.

  • rate this

    Comment number 221.

    It's not up the Border Agency to prove the system is being abused, it's up to the "trusted sponsors" to keep proper records and prove that it's not being when asked. In this case they did not.

    Sorry for the legitimate students but you can't blame UKBA

  • rate this

    Comment number 220.

    Sorry, would not like to pay ))

  • rate this

    Comment number 219.

    Oh and of course they have to pay significantly higher fees than others students. However, it would not guarantee that they would get the visa. In my view,this is not humanistic attitude.Moreover, this is not the reasonable way to get part time job in UK. I think, that all non UE students would like to pay such emotional and financial costs for additional income.

  • rate this

    Comment number 218.

    It is uncertain how they tested the level of English. According to the immigration rules, the non EU students must to pass IELTS exam (British Council). As for me, this is similar to execution. Otherwise , they would not get the visa. In addition, I have to prove financial status I have to show at least 9 000 pound and this amount must be untouched during 28 days.

  • rate this

    Comment number 217.

    There is an industrial scale abuse of student visas .
    I worked in a sports shop in London . The managers and most of the staff were on student visas , all worked full time , none studied .

    The current enforcement of the rules only looks servers when compared to the unregulated free for all over the last decade

  • rate this

    Comment number 216.

    I think at the very least the current international students should be given an amnesty. I did find on the internet, that LMU has a PETITION (initiated by their union), and I feel proud having signed it in the interest of the international students.

  • rate this

    Comment number 215.

    Have taught at Uni's for over 15years, never found one were all students attend all the time - and I have tried loads myself to keep them attending! LMU has the additional issues, that students need to work a lot next to their studies (cost of living and less fortunate backgrounds), childcare issues. So far UKBA has not shown any empirical research evidence, supporting their ideal of a cleansed UK

  • rate this

    Comment number 214.

    They were told in January to put things in order, and what did they do about it, sweet nothing. They deserve all that gets thrown at them. Unfortunately some students will fall foul of the 'let down' but the good ones will find a way of retrieving the situation.

  • rate this

    Comment number 213.

    Considering that UK higher education is a £12.5 Billion export industry, this will damage the UK's place as a provider of excellent education in the world. Students will be thinking twice before investing time and money on getting education here. In the long run, the UK will lose out, and the quality of the education on offer will deteriorate. This will have a negative effect on the economy.

  • rate this

    Comment number 212.

    UKBA simply not fit for purpose.


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