London Olympics: How did the Games do?

 
Spectators walk to and from the Olympic stadium Organisers of the London 2012 Olympics were faced with a raft of challenges ahead of the Games.

The announcement that London would host the 2012 Olympics was followed by intense speculation about the how well equipped the city was to host the Games.

But how did predictions compare with the reality? Our correspondents give their verdicts.

Brand UK

Mark Easton, Home editor

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BBC home editor Mark Easton

We have... presented Britain as self-confident”

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Forecast: We had been warned to expect travel chaos, security meltdown and organisational incompetence.

Verdict: When a coach driver got lost bringing athletes to the Olympic Park, it seemed as though Britain was lining up for at least a bronze in bungling.

But it didn't happen. In fact, the teams of pandemonium correspondents assigned around the capital were forced to kick their heels or quickly develop an understanding of the finer points of dressage.

There were those who predicted London 2012 would be an embarrassing and chaotic two weeks during which all the flaws of our declining nation would be exposed. Brand GB would be horribly undermined and this country's reputation and prospects damaged for decades.

As it turned out, we not only massively exceeded expectations in the sports arenas and won universal plaudits for hosting a brilliant games, we have also presented Britain as self-confident, forward-looking and fun.

That, I suspect, has been as much a surprise to the watching world as it has been to some justifiably proud Brits.

Sport

David Bond, sports editor

Forecast: UK Sport had invested £300m in Olympic and Paralympic sports and athletes in the past four years. It had set a minimum target of 48 medals for Great Britain's athletes and a top four finish in the medal table. After seven years of build-up, the level of international pressure on Britain was intense.

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David Bond

Sports such as wrestling, basketball, handball and volleyball may find they are struggling to receive the same level of funding”

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Verdict: Team GB won a staggering 64 medals, 29 of them gold. The best performance of the modern era and arguably of all time. We all expected the rowers and cyclists to come good but the big question was always going to focus on whether Great Britain could deliver more medals across more sports. The statistic that 16 different sports delivered medals here tells you they did.

Of course, not everything has gone to script for every sport. Swimming missed their medal targets and an internal review is under way.

There are also bound to be some questions asked about athletics. Mo Farah, Jessica Ennis and Greg Rutherford produced that dazzling, golden 45 minutes in the Olympic Stadium with Farah repeating his exploits in the 5,000m a week later.

But there were also some disappointing performances - capped perhaps by the men's sprint relay team dropping the baton again. Head coach Charles Van Commenee missed his own target of eight medals by two. Other sports such as wrestling, basketball, handball and volleyball may find they are struggling to receive the same level of funding in the run-up to the Rio Games in 2016.

But some of the most memorable moments came not in sporting triumph but in the taking part. Double-amputee Oscar Pistorius broke new ground just by competing in the Games - the first paralympian to do so on the track - and every one of the 204 countries sent a delegation which included female athletes.

Security

Gordon Corera, security correspondent

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BBC security correspondent Gordon Corera

The military stepped into the breach quickly and efficiently”

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Forecast: Security concerns always loomed over the London Olympics and some of the steps taken - including the missiles on rooftops - were questioned. There were fears just weeks before the Games began when private security contractor G4S admitted it would be unable to provide enough security guards, forcing the military to step in.

Verdict: Terrorists struck London the day after the city won the Games, prompting an enormous amount of preparation that cost at least £1bn. But the Games have taken place remarkably peacefully. There were no terrorist threats - that we know of - and surprisingly few lower level security problems, such as disruption by protesters. This is apart from the odd bottle thrown at the track and some lost keys.

Planners believe some of the high-profile coverage of the security preparations, like the missiles, may have helped by acting as a deterrent.

The military stepped into the breach quickly and efficiently, meaning that there have been few complaints about long queues to get past checks at venues.

The people who had been paid for years to worry about security at the Olympics will now be breathing a huge sigh of relief that everyone was able to focus on the sport.

Business

Richard Anderson, business producer

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Major sporting events rarely bring lasting financial reward”

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Forecast: To leave an economic legacy worth £13bn to the UK economy over the next four years.

Verdict: Retailers were hoping for an Olympic bonanza and most have been left sorely disappointed.

Many small businesses across London have criticised the Games' organisers and Transport for London for scaring off shoppers. Footfall was noticeably down during the first week of the Games. Anecdotal evidence suggests a similar picture across the UK. Numbers picked up during the second week, with bigger retailers reporting higher sales, but no-one is expecting to see a major pick-up in consumer spending.

It will be another four years before we know whether the government's longer-term legacy targets for the Games will be met, but the experience of previous host cities suggests they are a little optimistic.

Most economists agree major sporting events rarely bring lasting financial reward. The government will have its work cut out to buck the trend.

Transport

Richard Westcott, transport correspondent

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BBC transport correspondent Richard Westcott

Even Heathrow was fine”

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Forecast: Everyone predicted disruption to the transport network during the Games. London's transport system was written off as too old, and plagued by injury.

Verdict: The transport system actually worked. Some £6.5bn was spent patching up wounds on Tube and train lines and people just went another way. More people travelled, but they were scattered over different parts of the day.

The system was busy. The Tube kept smashing its own record for carrying passengers, with four and a half million journeys on the busiest days. There were also record numbers using the Docklands Light Railway, which was 70% busier than usual. Numbers on the London Overground were up 27% and the Barclays bike hire scheme broke records too. Even Heathrow was fine.

There were some problems, of course. The main roads coming into London were bad because of all the changes to the way the traffic lights were phased. Various rail lines suffered delays and suspensions, including the Central line, the Jubilee line and the DLR, all of which went to the Olympic Park.

Spectators

Claire Heald, BBC 2012

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BBC 2012 reporter Claire Heald

People came, saw, enjoyed”

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Forecast: The Olympics were exciting, but tickets were hard to secure, a plague of people would bring meltdown to London, the biggest burger chain outlet sat ill in a theatre of sport and, amid stringent rules, the British would fail to get picnics in.

Verdict: The Games transformed the Olympic Park and, during free events like the triathlon, the centre of London. They created a festival of sport for spectators. There were queues for water fountains and for food, but the queues to pass through security moved quickly.

Prices at this mass event were above street average at £5 for a pasty, £4.30 for a bottle of beer and £2.50 for an ice cream. But people could bring their sandwiches and picnicked on the parklands.

More tickets were released online but they were still hard to come by, with up to 2.5m people trying to access them.

The sight of empty seats at venues enraged those who had been unable to get in. Try to find anyone at the Olympics with a bad word to say about it, however, and you would have searched long. It was awash with colour from decorated fans clad in international colours and union flags.

People came, saw, enjoyed and it lifted them, as well as the national mood.

Doping

Michelle Roberts, BBC news online health editor

Forecast: The anti-doping authorities were prepared to take a tough stance on drug cheats, promising to banish any athlete found to be taking performance-enhancing drugs. London's anti-doping lab was hailed as the most high-tech in the history of the Olympics. And it was the first summer Games to use biological passports - ongoing electronic records of any substances found in an athlete's blood to confirm that they are "clean".

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It appears that the extra checks were necessary and the problem of doping may be getting worse, not better”

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Verdict: If you measure success as keeping drugs out of the competition then the authorities lived up to their pre-Games promise.

The International Olympic Committee carried out more than 5,000 drugs tests during the Games. Syria's 400-metres hurdler Ghfran Almouhamad was disqualified after testing positive for a banned substance called methylhexaneamine. Another 10 athletes were also banned from taking part because of failed drugs tests.

Suspicion spread wide, so much so that when 16-year-old swimmer Ye Shiwen set a new world record for the women's 400m individual medley a cry of foul play was raised even though the young swimmer had passed all of the checks.

And when you compare the figures with the 2008 Beijing Olympics, it appears that the extra checks were necessary and the problem of doping may be getting worse, not better. At Beijing six athletes failed the IOC's drug-testing regime.

All the drug test results for London's games aren't in yet, which means athletes who fail testing could still be stripped of their titles - as Belarusian women's shot put gold medallist Nadzeya Ostapchuk has just discovered.

Weather

Claire Douglas, BBC Weather

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There should be at least a small space on the podium for the Great British weather”

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Forecast: After the wettest start to summer on record in southeast England, with more than double the usual amount of rainfall, you could be forgiven for thinking hopes for a sunny Olympic Games were not high.

Verdict: In the lead up to the Opening Ceremony there were a few light showers, but thunderstorms that had worried forecasters stayed away to the east. Some very 'British' summer weather followed - breezy, showery and slightly cool for the time of year.

For the thousands of athletes and spectators in and around London, the weather performed pretty well. Not many gold medals for warm sunshine until the last weekend, but the vast majority of events were unaffected by any weather-related delays or cancellations.

London was mostly rain-free; however there were plenty of heavy showers and even some flooding across other parts of the UK. Temperatures were near or slightly below average, meaning heat stress was not a problem for either athletes or spectators.

With a mix of sunshine, a few showers, and just the right amount of breeze, there should be at least a small space on the podium for the Great British weather.

Sustainability

Richard Black, environment correspondent

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Richard Black

The biggest climate impact of any Olympics comes through the necessity of flying”

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Forecast: Most "green" issues were clear ahead of time, although there was talk that air quality might suffer owing to extra Olympics-related traffic.

Verdict: A number of reports concluded that the London Olympics lived up to their pre-race billing as the "greenest ever games". Novel building materials and techniques were deployed to minimise use of natural resources, everything from steel to water was recycled, and the use of temporary arenas reduced the carbon footprint of heavy construction.

The greenest part of the legacy is local. The area where the Olympic Park now stands used to be a wasteland of fetid drains, derelict factories and polluted ground. As well as cleaning it all up, the authorities have re-tooled the waterways into wildlife habitat, running between the upper Lee valley and the Thames. Birds and small mammals should enjoy the new green spaces as much as people.

Amid all the low-carbon hype surrounding London, however, it shouldn't be forgotten that the biggest climate impact of any Olympics comes through the necessity of flying thousands of competitors and officials half way round the world to take part - not to mention the thousands more who come to support them.

 

Comments

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  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 170.

    I found it outstanding from start to finish. From the masterpiece of Boyle's opening ceremony, the fantastic and enthusiastic crowds at all stages of all events, genuinely welcoming volunteers, the humility and passion of the athletes and last but not least a rocking party to finish. Utterly utterly brilliant - we should be so proud. I hope we build on this and GB has found its confidence again.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 169.

    I thought the games produced a huge conern technology leap in lighting and and Audience Pixel annimation. 634,500 LEDs in the seating area, pumping out 27 sequences of fantastic colour animation. 2 WORLD RECORDs; most pixels in a stadium, largest video screen ever; and probably the power used?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 168.

    I have never really been 'into sports'.But these games have been a total pleasure to watch, for my wife and I.The utterly amazing opening ceremony, showed the world, in a nutshell, what has made Britain great.The awesome coverage of the sports by the BBC has given us an insight into sports I now have an interest in, and hope to follow. Everyone involved did us proud, lets keep the feelgood factor!

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 167.

    Hats off to London 2012! Games of the century!

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 166.

    As a very proud Brit here in Texas USA I watched the Olympics. Opening and closing had tears streaming down my face. It was a BRILLIANT SPECTACLE with the era's of music I remember well. I challenge anyone to top this and to MIT The TWIT Romney I would say APOLOGIZE for your pre Olympic statements of doom. BRITAIN IS GREAT and always will be.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 165.

    Because the main objective was for a "legacy" its like the Chinese say about the French Revolution - its too early to say whether or not it's a success.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 164.

    Oh dear Mr Bond, Team GB won 65 medals, not 64. Not terribly good at this sports editing malarkey, are we?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 163.

    Thankyou to Pierre de Coubertin for having the vision of realising that sport unites people irrespective of their race, religion, colour, gender and mother tongue.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 162.

    Richard Westcott appears to think that the games only happened in London!
    If he had experienced the 2+ hour queues to get a train from Cardiff to Newport after the football quarterfinal last Saturday then his view may not be so positive.
    Still, as long as Londoners weren't inconvenienced...

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 161.

    To quote what Winston Churchill said at the end of WW2, "We may allow ourselves a brief period of rejoicing; but let us not forget for a moment the toil and efforts that lie ahead." We can all justifiably bask in the warm afterglow of London 2012 but the reality is that, as a nation, we still face an uncertain economic future...but at least perhaps we can now do so with our spirits lifted?

  • rate this
    -4

    Comment number 160.

    A lot of self congratulating wall flowers who derive 'pride' from what was a load of partisan propaganda reported but distinctly average event.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 159.

    Congratulations to all the organisers, participants and athletes who made this such a memorable Olympics! And to the BBC for their excellent coverage, especially through the iPlayer. But above all congratulations to the thousands of ordinary people and selfless volunteers who made this truly the People's Olympics! I'm so proud of the city I was born in, London!

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 158.

    I lucky enough to be at the Closing ceremony last night with my son. As the flame was about to be extinguished a lone voice called out in the hushed Stadium - don't do it! I think we all fell a little bit in love with the Games...

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 157.

    I did not think that I would be particularly interested in the Games. But it was magnificent!!! I felt really proud to be British even though I am 200 miles outside London.
    Thank you John Major for the Lottery that made it happen, thank you Tony Blair for for your personal involvement that won the games and thank you Seb Coe for showing the World how Great Britain can be!
    We'd all forgotten!

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 156.

    The iPlayer coverage was fabulous - I hope it remains available for a good long time, because there are many hours of coverage to catch up with. This is the first time that I haven't been grumbling over the lack of coverage of, for instance, the first day of the three-day eventing. Thank you BBC!

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 155.

    I'm pleased we did so well & that the Games themselves shrugged off ticketing issues to become amazingly successful.
    As for its effect on business: I'm a retailer in a town in the North West of England & my turnover has been well above that for the past three years, so I'm happy with that too.

    Win all round!! :-)

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 154.

    @144, I truly did not know it was that bad in Wales ; )

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 153.

    John,

    Great comment, couldn't understand a sentence of it.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 152.

    Before the games I was a bit annoyed about the way ticketing had been managed, and concerned about the dire travel predictions.

    How wrong can you be? Having been to the Olympic Park and to Hyde Park and watched spellbound on the TV I can say that this has to be the best event in this country I can remember. The only shame is that like all good things it had to come to an end.

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 151.

    What a wonderful event and one in the eye for all the pessimists.
    Only one query - results shown for Great Britain & Northern Ireland - Is Northern Ireland not part of Great Britain?

 

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