England and Wales population up

A British crowd The population has grown by 7% in a decade, the Census showed

The population of England and Wales has reached 56.1 million, up by 3.7 million in a decade, the 2011 Census shows.

It is the largest growth shown by any census since they began in 1801.

The population in England was 53 million on 27 March 2011 when the census was taken, about 400,000 more than official estimates.

In Wales the population was 3.1 million. Around 55% of the 3.7m increase was attributed to net migration.

The census showed that the population for England and Wales was greater than official estimates rolled forward from 2001 - by just over 500,000.


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Data shows that from March 2001 to March 2011, there were 6.6 million births and five million deaths in England and Wales, leading to an increase in the population of 1.6 million.

The Office for National Statistics said this accounted for around 44% of the total increase in population size, with the remainder being due to migration.

Population by age and sex, England and Wales, 2011

Population by age and sex, England and Wales, 2011

BBC home editor Mark Easton says the most likely reason for the discrepancy between the official estimate and the actual population is inaccurate migration data.

It is notable that the number of people in their 20s has risen from 6.6m to 7.6m - that additional one million people are most likely to be migrant workers, he adds.

The latest rise compares with a rise in population of 1.6 million between 1991 and 2001.

The population projections published by the ONS will be revised upwards in the autumn.

On the night of the census there were 23.4 million households in England and Wales, with the average household size being 2.4 people per household in 2011, just over half of the 4.3 residents per household 100 years earlier.

The 2011 Census also showed the average population density was 371 people per square kilometre; however, in London this figure was 5,200.

If the London figures were excluded, the average population density for the rest of England and Wales was 321 people per square kilometre, the ONS said.

All regions saw population growth between 2001 and 2011, with the highest growth in London, the East of England and the East Midlands.

Other population data showed:

There are almost half a million more people living in England and Wales than official estimates suggested. The most likely reason for that under-counting is inaccurate migration data.

It is notable that the number of people in their 20s has risen from 6.6m to 7.6m - the additional one million people are most likely to be migrant workers.

The increase in the number of under-fives by 400,000 is also a consequence of immigration, but increasing fertility among British-born women is the key driver in pushing up the fertility rate.

Half of the total increase in population was in London, the South-East and East regions of England.

The Office for National Statistics says that about 55% of the population increase was the result of net migration.

The population projections published by the ONS will be revised upwards in the autumn.

  • there were almost a million more women than men in England and Wales - 27.6 million men v 28.5 million women
  • the median age of the population - where half the population is younger and half is older - in England and Wales was 39, with the median age for men being 38 and for women 40
  • there were 406,000 more under-five-year-olds than in 2001
  • one in six people in England and Wales in 2011 was aged 65 and over
  • the percentage of the population aged 65 and over was the highest seen in any census - at 16.4%
  • there were 430,000 residents aged 90 and over in 2011 compared with 340,000 in 2001 and 13,000 in 1911
  • Cardiff saw the greatest population rise of anywhere in Wales, growing by 12%

The public were asked questions about their jobs, health, education and ethnic background. It was the first time people could fill in the form online.

The form was compulsory, but a question about religion was optional. The answers are used to plan public services.

Three different censuses happened on the one day. Northern Ireland and Scotland each managed their own, and these were run separately from the one which was sent to 25.4 million households in England and Wales.

Northern Ireland's population rose to 1.81 million - the highest figure ever - according to its census.

The number of people increased by 7% over the last decade, broadly in line with the figure for England and Wales.

The just-published figures showed an increase in the proportion of elderly people and a decrease in the percentage of children under 16.

Figures for Scotland will be released later this year.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 209.

    It is not about some immigrants are, nice, hard working etc. or not.
    Nor is it about many British are lazy.

    Unless you want a Rwanda solution at some point, immigrants need to be stopped, and persuaded back out peacefully. Being anti immigration is the kind and peaceful option. Permissing and, collaborating, in immigration is the choice for an ultimate disaster.

  • rate this

    Comment number 208.

    28: The problem in Wales is the excess of English immigrants who insist on imposing their native culture on the indigenous population.
    More English bashing *yawn*. I live in Wales but work in England. The only thing I impose on Wales is the money I spend on rent, food and utilities. I am learning Welsh too, I hope that doesn't pose a threat to your native culture!

  • rate this

    Comment number 207.

    It's unbelievable that there are so many fools in the uk that are willing to give their personal data to the census.

    Personally I would prefer prison

  • rate this

    Comment number 206.


    "With recorded immigration of over 500,000 & net immigration of over 200,000 Britain is being transformed largely against the will of the British people"

    Is this confined to immigration policy? I can't recall seeing transformation in any area that matched the will or benefit of the British people. This country and its people are a resource for the rich and powerful. Nothing more.

  • rate this

    Comment number 205.

    I'm sure we have this same old debate every 6 months don't we?

    Nothing ever improves though.

  • rate this

    Comment number 204.


    Why? Why cant immigration me mentioned" ...

    Blaming all the countries woes on immigration is exactly what the posh boys in No. 10, the tax dodging billionaires & the media want you to believe, so you don't look at them.

    I'm the son of an immigrant. & if I lived somewhere where I couldn't feed my family I would be doing exactly the same.

    Maybe they come here because its nice & safe?

  • rate this

    Comment number 203.

    "The increase in the number of under-fives by 400,000 is also a consequence of immigration, but increasing fertility among British-born women is the key driver in pushing up the fertility rate."
    Nice try, but I doubt IVF treatment is responsible for parents calling their son's Muhammad.

  • rate this

    Comment number 202.

    TToo many people in certain area's of UK?True,dont let them in then?Thats the most obvious answer.I am not a RACIST,I just hate politicians who cant see cause/effect and how it continues after the Initial Implementation.Fools the lot of them.

  • rate this

    Comment number 201.

    The ratio of young to old is reducing rapidly, in the 60s there were 12 people working for every pensioner now its down to about 1 in 6. You may not like it now, but you may grateful for the rise in1 million 20somethings (providing they stay) later. They and their children will be the wealth earners paying for our care when we retire.

  • rate this

    Comment number 200.

    Nothing to comment on in the article, just the total rubbish in the comments.

    All of you should know that your descendents will be mixed race, and irreligious. You might as well accept now that mongrels are better than inbreds. Nothing you can do or say will stop everybody becoming mixed and better for it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 199.

    What's the betting that despite the overwhelming opinions against unfettered immigration on this HYS, the BBC news will dress this up as some form of 'celebration of diversity' and by this evening we'll be being indoctrinated with all the usual PC guff?

  • rate this

    Comment number 198.

    Population growth is clearly unsustainable, and politicians need to grow a backbone and say so. It has to stop. We are fast running out of resources and destroying the planet in increasingly desperate attempts to feed this plague of humanity. If you have more than 2 children, you are irresponsible and selfish, it's as simple as that.

  • rate this

    Comment number 197.

    Consider the island of mykonos. A number of years ago - rich Germans began buying up property in Mykonos town and pricing the local out the island - very few locals left today - result it's not a Greek island anymore.

  • rate this

    Comment number 196.

    @161. AgreeD! The racist card and Blair have got us into this.

    The decent population of this country would help anyone. The fact is, many are coming to this country because the welfare is best here so ironically, it is MARKET DRIVEN!!!

    When someone gets caught, they're often not banged up and deported, we release them under supervision and guess what, THEY DISAPPEAR.


  • rate this

    Comment number 195.

    Tax-payers are required to fund national infrastructure projects such as hospitals, roads, reservoirs power stations etc. for the benefit of themselves and future generations. Those tax-payers assume the future beneficiaries will be their children and grand-children.
    The influx of immigrants puts pressure on our resources to the detriment of the very beneficiaries intended. Stop it now!

  • rate this

    Comment number 194.

    Migration??? The Native Americans,The Maoris,The Australian Aborigines, The Incas, The Aztec, The Neanderthal etc etc all thought there was "nothing to worry about"

  • rate this

    Comment number 193.

    People who accuse people of racism because they're anti-immigration make me chuckle. It is NOT racism to want to put a stop to Polish and other E Europeans coming over here because they are the SAME race! Racism is based on colour or other appearance characteristics (i.e Black, White, Asian, Chinese etc). A Polish immigrant is white just like I am. I cannot be racist to myself or my own race!

  • rate this

    Comment number 192.

    @184 - Well said!! I couldn't have put it better myself.

  • rate this

    Comment number 191.

    178.Wazza v3
    Wow! England is packed full. We should send a third of the population to Scotland. They've got load of room up there.

    Problem is they just sneak back over Hadrian's Wall & steal our jobs, housing, pensions, education, prospects and opportunities and lower the living standards for those who they steal from

  • rate this

    Comment number 190.

    Nothing will change unless we change.I have let down my children and grandchildren and most off all the great British public,by voting over the last 40 years for Labour or tory,and fell for every trick in the book how good immigration would be for us.I will never vote again for these parties,it will always now be the BNP.


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