Queen unveils RAF Bomber Command memorial

 

The Queen unveiled the memorial to over 55,000 airmen of Bomber Command who died in WWII

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A £6m memorial to the 55,573 airmen of Bomber Command who died during World War II has been unveiled by the Queen.

At the ceremony in London's Green Park, Chief of the Air Staff Sir Stephen Dalton said Bomber Command's "service and raw courage" had been recognised.

Some 6,000 veterans and families of the deceased watched a Lancaster bomber drop thousands of poppies in a flypast.

Criticism of large-scale area bombing by the RAF near the end of WWII had stalled plans for a memorial for years.

Veterans from Australia, New Zealand, Canada and other countries who served alongside the British crew also attended the ceremony.

At the scene

Hundreds of Bomber Command veterans have been taking a close-up look at the new memorial in London's Green Park honouring the sacrifice of 55,573 of their comrades.

They crowded around the bronze statues of seven Lancaster bomber airmen and had their pictures taken with family members.

Earlier, there had been applause as the Queen unveiled the memorial.

Veterans described it as "impressive" and "moving".

About 5,000 had watched the dedication service on a big screen in the "salute area", a short walk away. The event was organised by the RAF Benevolent Fund, which will look after maintenance of the memorial and is now seeking to raise £1.5m to help cover costs.

Russell Oldmeadow, 90, from Canberra, Australia, a Lancaster pilot during WWII, was one of a number of Commonwealth airmen present.

"My brother was killed - that's one reason why I'm here," he said.

"But it's also a great occasion and I'm privileged. The memorial is absolutely magnificent."

Air Chief Marshal Dalton said: "Many of those who gave us our freedom, and to whom this memorial is dedicated, cannot join us physically, but their spirit is certainly here.

"For their bravery and sacrifice which helped to give us our freedom, we will never forget them."

Doug Radcliffe, secretary of the Bomber Command Association, read an extract from the WWI poem "For the Fallen".

The repetition of the final words, "We will remember them," by all gathered at the ceremony, was followed by a trumpeter playing the "Last Post" while veterans and current service personnel saluted.

The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh departed after the dedication ceremony, leaving the Prince of Wales and Duchess of Cornwall to meet Bomber Command veterans.

The London Ambulance Service later said 24 elderly people at the event were treated and five taken to hospital with dehydration and other heat-related problems.

Reflective 'moment'

The memorial features a 9ft-high sculpture of seven Bomber Command aircrew

The memorial, designed by Liam O'Connor and built in Portland stone, features a bronze 9ft-high sculpture of seven aircrew.

Sculptor Philip Jackson said the tone of the work was reflective and portrayed men returning from a mission: "I chose the moment when they get off the aircraft and they've dumped all their heavy kit on to the ground."

The memorial also has a roof made of aluminium reclaimed from a Handley Page Halifax III bomber shot down over Belgium in May 1944.

History of Bomber Command

circa 1940:  An RAF bomber navigator.  (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images)
  • Formed in 1936
  • Mission to attack Germany's airbases, troops, shipping and industrial complexes connected to the war effort
  • Crews from UK, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and all corners of Commonwealth plus occupied nations including Poland, Czechoslovakia and France, and allied countries such as the US
  • Average age of bombers about 22
  • Switched to inaccurate night bombing to reduce casualties
  • First "thousand-bomber raid" in May 1942 - against Cologne, three months after "Bomber" Harris made commander in chief
  • Famous Dambusters raid of May 1943 struck at dams surrounding Ruhr Valley

An inscription says the memorial "also commemorates those of all nations who lost their lives in the bombing of 1939-1945".

Pilot Alan Biffen, 87, said: "I am so glad that at long last Bomber Command is being remembered not only for what it achieved but also for the lives of the young men who never came back."

Almost half of the 125,000 men of Bomber Command died, many killed by night fighters and anti-aircraft fire in raids over occupied Europe.

The ceremony is the culmination of a five-year campaign, spearheaded by the late Bee Gees singer Robin Gibb.

The Bomber Command Memorial Appeal secured funding from public donations and private donors John Caudwell, Lord Ashcroft and Richard Desmond.

There were no campaign medals specifically for Bomber Command after the war and no mention of it in Prime Minister Winston Churchill's victory speech.

It was criticised by some for raids on Dresden in the closing months of the war, causing fire-storms which killed about 25,000 civilians in the destruction of the city centre.

The RAF Benevolent Fund will take over guardianship of the memorial.

A special programme about the ceremony, Bomber Command: A Tribute, is being shown at 17:00 BST on BBC Two on Thursday.

 

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  • Comment number 687.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 686.

    Re 668 Gruff, what an idiot you are! The money for this long overdue memorial came from public subscription not Government money. It symbolises the young men who took the war to the enemy and fought for our freedom, the victims of bombing across theEuropean Continent by aircraft bombing missions and your right to make inane comments

  • rate this
    -5

    Comment number 685.

    I can't see how dropping bombs on children from 20,000ft is heroic. We lost some of the moral high ground when we bombed Berlin starting this teribble process. As for Dreden, well words fail me. I would like to add that my Grandfather eas in the SOE in North Africa and Yugoslavia, that is a hero

  • rate this
    +4

    Comment number 684.

    Memorial - Fantastic, ultimate respect to all involved! (and of course bomber command and everyone else who fought in the war for that matter). Not wanting to feed the flame to the few idiots on here, if you think that WE committed war crimes have you ever heard of something called the blitz ?? Or the Americans and Hiroshima, do they condemn it or did it win the war against the Japanese ?

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 683.

    My beloved Dad completed 23 missions in a Lancaster. I cannot begin to imagine the bravery of those young men. This memorial is so very well deserved.

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 682.

    Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.

    Wednesday 21 August 1940
    1 sentance from Churchill's review of the war


    Britain and her allies had no option, they did what they had to do, above and beyond the call of duty.

    Nunca mas.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 681.

    Pedro - I have relatives who were in the Merchant Navy whose only reward for risking their lives was having their pay stopped everytime their ship was torpedo and sunk and seeing fellow sailors killed, felt that the Bombing of German civilians went on too long, why should they "RAM it" ?

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 680.

    Re 632 Aharon, many British civil servants across Europe helped with the evacuation of Jewish children to the UK, I believe they did as well as could be reasonably expected, see the memorial to Jewish children evacuees at London Liverpool Street.
    Re 630 Macorbett, when you can, visit the Bomber Command Memorial and you will see that it remembers those who died on the ground in Germany as well RIP

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 679.

    668
    The taxpayer has not paid for this memorial, it was paid for by donations from groups such as the veterans and from individuals. No money has been diverted from the NHS or any other 'front-line'service. By the way some people don't need to have Britishness instilled into them with some of us its instinctive. I'm grateful to so many who died to ensure my freedom.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 678.

    Gilway, the brave souls who gave their lives for this country in WW2 weren't dying for the Empire, but for a cause much greater than Empire....

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 677.

    671.Gilway "Patriotism is the willingness to kill and be killed for trivial reasons"- Bertrand Russell.

    The extermination of 6,000,000 jews could hardly be called a trivial reason. Hardly 'empire or resources' either.

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 676.

    This is long over due recognition for those brave men whose service allows us to "Have Y Say"

    Without their courage and determination, we could not have differing views and those that defied government opinion would be in jail.

    The sacrifice of the brave young men in Bomber Command should be recognised - the shame is that the Government was unwilling to fund this wonderful memorial to the RAF.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 675.

    A mention in dispatches for all those who served, took the risks, lost the battles (and friends), won the battles (and valour), yet lived? I must say the 1st so called world war maximized lethality on the ground, the 2nd from the air. Developing Peace is cheaper than making war. I see the monument as testament to human courage. It was necessary. At the time. Now war's at Syrian border. Tomorrow?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 674.

    Out of the very few male members of my family that escaped being cannon-fodder in WWI and WWII, precisely none would had anything good to say about this sort of predictable, jingoistic "dulce et decorum" est HYS rubbish. The next war - you can stick it. No more.

  • rate this
    +3

    Comment number 673.

    The gratitude of every home in our island, in our Empire, and indeed throughout the world except in the abodes of the guilty goes out to the British airmen who, undaunted by odds, unweakened by their constant challenge and mortal danger, are turning the tide of world war by their prowess and their devotion.


    Wednesday 21 August 1940
    1 paragraph from Churchill's review of the war

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 672.

    Is it justifiable, Gruff?

    Yes.

    It's got nothing to do with propaganda, Britishness or glorifying anything. It's saying thank you to those who died for you and me and everyone else in our free society for the opportunity to make our own mistakes.

    It's about time they had their day and I'm glad for it.

  • rate this
    -7

    Comment number 671.

    "Patriotism is the willingness to kill and be killed for trivial reasons"
    - Bertrand Russell. Yes we should remember... that it's an absolute tragedy that we send young men and women out to die for empire and resources. But move on Britain, you're looking like an anachronism. The world turns!

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 670.

    Have read some of the negative comments with dismay.Cannot believe members of Bomber Command or any other Command gave their lives for such an ungrateful bunch of wimps.

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 669.

    636
    'Bomber' Harris evil? perhaps you need a reminder of who invented 'Blitz' his name was Adolf Hitler and his regime specialised in attacking civilian targets, the more vulnerable the better. It's almost beyond belief that some comments here have branded the crews of Bomber Command 'war criminals' you should be ashamed.

  • rate this
    -10

    Comment number 668.

    Is it really justifiable to spend £6million on this? While essential front line services such as the NHS are facing huge budget reductions the only things not being cut back are shameful bits of propaganda aimed at trying to instill a misguided sense of britishness in the general public. glorifying war, olympics and the jubilee. what a load of rubbish.

 

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