Do bobbies on the beat really cut crime?

 
Discounted new TVs on sale Burglary rates may also have fallen as the value of second-hand goods dropped

Interesting to read that former home secretary David Blunkett believes the police shift from the reactive "Z-Cars era of flying squads" to preventative neighbourhood policing has been responsible for the "dramatic drop in crime" since the mid-1990s.

Quite why crime rose inexorably from World War II until 1995 and then started falling is a question that still puzzles criminologists.

Because crime didn't just fall in the UK. It fell in almost every developed Western nation from pretty much the same time.

It fell in Canada and in the United States - even though those two countries operate very different criminal justice policies. It fell in Scandinavia and fell along the shores of the Mediterranean. It fell in Australia and fell in Iceland.

It would be ridiculous to suggest the police have no impact, but how much does the activity of the local constabulary influence crime rates?

Evidence that police have more than a marginal impact on offending is hard to come by. It would appear that bigger forces are at play: economic, demographic, social, cultural and technological.

The reason volume car crime fell so dramatically from the mid-90s is probably much more to do with improved vehicle security than the reintroduction of bobbies on the beat.

Falling domestic burglary rates may also have been affected by the installation of locks and alarms but, equally, may have dropped along with the value of a second-hand TV or DVD player.

Community support officer A PCSO on the beat

Home Office research in the mid-80s concluded: "A patrolling police officer could expect to pass within 100 yards of a burglary taking place roughly once every eight years. Even then they may not even realise that the crime is taking place."

The latest thinking is that so-called intelligent policing can help to bring down the numbers of certain offences. Targeting crime hot-spots or known offenders does seem to get results without necessarily moving the criminality elsewhere.

But the claim that neighbourhood policing is a significant factor in preventing crime remains unproven. The bobby (or PCSO) on the beat may provide a comforting uniformed presence that makes the law-abiding feel safer. They may bolster community confidence which may, in turn, encourage people to obey the law.

There is, however, little hard evidence that the renaissance of the neighbourhood bobby explains the dramatic falls in total crime we have seen since the mid-90s.

 
Mark Easton Article written by Mark Easton Mark Easton Home editor

Boxing Day Family Puzzler 2014

My Boxing Day Puzzler is specifically designed to foil the resident clever-clogs and give hope to those struggling to focus after the indulgence of Christmas Day.

Read full article

More on This Story

Comments

This entry is now closed for comments

Jump to comments pagination
 
  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 139.

    PCSOs are a great idea. They are much less expensive than police officers and they give the public a degree of confidence that the streets are being policed. They probably do prevent crime by their mere presence. The interesting crime statistics are more to do with changing times, attitudes, education, conditions, and maybe new distractions like the internet, satellite TV and gaming consoles.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 138.

    Prevention is hard to quantify. How do you count something that hasn't happened?

    Neighbourhood teams, or your beat bobby under a new name, do invaluable work in the community (schools, youth clubs, dealing with anti social behaviour, minor disputes etc), but it is difficult to quantify.

    Still valuable though.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 137.

    I haven't seen a policeman (or woman) patrolling the streets where I live for over 40 years so I can't see what all the fuss is about.

    Don't they use CCTV these days anyway?

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 136.

    The PCSO is a waste of time. They have no powers and get about 60 of a PC pay so lets rather have a proper bobby.

    Not sure if the PCSOs are selected by the BBC HR department but most in our area have some form of defect in their makup. Probably selected on a politically correct basis. Would definately prefer normal people.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 135.

    Whilst not wishing to sound sinister, there is another reason why there should be a police presence (PCSO or Sworn Officers) in and around our communities. The reason is that they gather information and intelligence from within communities to be utilsied in the process of intelligence led policing whcih is now fundamental to the way in whcih the police operate.

 

Comments 5 of 139

 

Features

BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.