Phone hacking: Who is in the line of fire?

The phone-hacking scandal has prompted a rash of investigations into possible media and police misconduct. Explore the table to find out more about the main inquiries, police investigations and lawsuits.

Under scrutiny

Inquiries and reviews Details Status or conclusions
Lord Justice Leveson

Judicial inquiry part one: UK media

  • The judicial inquiry, being led by Lord Justice Leveson, is in two parts. The first focused on "the culture, practices and ethics" of the UK media.
  • It looked at relationships between newspapers, broadcasters, social-media networks, politicians and the police as well as media regulation.
  • Lord Leveson closed the last scheduled hearing of his media ethics inquiry on 24 July, promising to report back "as soon as I reasonably can".
News International offices

Judicial inquiry part two: conduct of NI, other newspaper groups and police

  • The second part of the inquiry will focus on the extent of unlawful or improper conduct within News International (NI) and other newspaper groups.
  • It will look at the original police investigation into phone hacking, known as Operation Glade, and consider whether there were management failures at NI, but will not take place until police investigations are over.
  • To take place when police investigations are concluded.
Rupert Murdoch and Rebekah Brooks

MPs' inquiry into press standards

  • The Commons Culture, Media and Sport Select Committee questioned journalists and bosses at the News of the World (NoW), as well as police and lawyers for hacking victims. Rebekah Brooks, Rupert Murdoch and his son James all appeared before the committee in July 2011. Some weeks later former NoW editor Colin Myler and the paper's former legal manager, Tom Crone, were also questioned.
  • James Murdoch appeared again before the committee in December 2011, where he rejected suggestions the company operated like the Mafia over the phone-hacking scandal.
  • The cross-party committee concluded Rupert Murdoch exhibited "wilful blindness" to what was going on in his media empire and was "not a fit person to exercise the stewardship of a major international company".
  • It also concluded that the NoW and News International misled Parliament about the scale of phone hacking. The committee was split on party lines over a number of key findings -including the verdict on Rupert Murdoch - with the Tories voting against and Labour and the Lib Dems in favour.
Andy Hayman

MPs' inquiry into police investigation

  • The Commons Home Affairs Select Committee launched an inquiry into phone hacking last year following new claims the NoW intercepted the messages of public figures.
  • It is looking into the original police investigation, which took place in 2006, as well as a review by Scotland Yard in 2009. Senior officers - including Former Assistant Commissioner Andy Hayman - have been questioned by MPs.
  • The select committee has published a report criticising News International's "deliberate attempts to thwart investigations" into hacking. It was also highly critical of the original police investigation.
Metropolitan police

Review of media's relationship with the Met Police

  • Former Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards Elizabeth Filkin was asked by the government to look into the relationship between the Met Police and the press after the phone-hacking scandal uncovered evidence suggesting improper ties between officers and the media.
  • Meanwhile, police watchdog the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) also looked into the relationship between the Met and journalists.

Police investigations - UK and abroad

Sue Akers

Operation Weeting

  • Operation Weeting, led by Deputy Assistant Commissioner Sue Akers, of Scotland Yard, is looking at alleged phone hacking at the NoW.
  • A number of people have been charged.
  • In progress
New Scotland Yard sign

Operation Elveden

  • A second investigation - Operation Elveden - also led by Sue Akers, is investigating allegations of inappropriate payments to police and public officials.
  • A number of arrests have been made.
  • In progress
New Scotland Yard sign

Operation Tuleta

  • Officers are also investigating allegations that computers were hacked to obtain private information under Operation Tuleta.
  • A number of arrests have been made.
  • In progress
Charlie and Rebekah Brooks

Operation Sacha

  • Police are investigating allegations concerning former News of the World editor Rebekah Brooks, her husband Charlie Brooks and a laptop.
  • In progress
New Scotland Yard sign

Operation Kilo

  • Police are looking at claims of leaks from within the Operation Weeting investigation.
  • In progress
FBI logo

FBI investigation

  • In the US, the FBI is investigating allegations News Corp journalists sought to hack the phones of the victims of the 9/11 terror attacks and actor Jude Law while he was visiting New York.
  • There are also calls for a US investigation into alleged payments to UK police, which could expose News Corp to charges under US anti-corruption laws.
  • In progress

Lawsuits against News International and News Corp

Neville Thurlbeck

Employment tribunal

  • Former News of the World chief reporter Neville Thurlbeck is alleging unfair dismissal for whistle-blowing.
  • One other former NoW journalist, Ian Edmonson, is also lodging a complaint of unfair dismissal with an employment tribunal.
  • In progress
Jude Law

Civil action against NI

  • A number of high-profile figures launched legal action against News International over hacking claims. Many of those people have now been awarded out-of-court settlements.
  • They include Jude Law (pictured), footballer Ashley Cole and former Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott.
  • In progress
Sven-Goran Eriksson

Civil action against Mirror Group

  • Ex-England football manager Sven-Goran Eriksson is among four people taking legal action against Mirror Group Newspapers for alleged phone hacking. The claims against the publisher of the Daily and Sunday Mirror and the People were filed at the High Court in October 2012.
  • Parent company Trinity Mirror said all of its journalists worked within the criminal law and the Press Complaints Commission Code of Conduct.
  • This is the first legal action related to the hacking scandal against a newspaper outside News International.
  • In progress
News Corp HQ

News Corp shareholders' legal action

  • News Corporation is being sued by a group of shareholders who allege a failure of corporate governance.
  • The legal action was filed in the US and is an updated version of a previous action, amended to include claims relating to the hacking scandal.
  • In progress

More on This Story

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