Time to 'move beyond' Asbos, says home secretary May
The home secretary has said it is "time to move beyond" Asbos, signalling the possible end of their use in England and Wales.
Launching a review of the system, Theresa May said it was time to "stop tolerating" bad behaviour.
More than half of Asbos in England and Wales were breached from 2000 to 2008, government figures show.
But Labour, which devised Asbos, said they had made a "huge contribution" to cutting crime.
The Asbo - the "anti-social behaviour order" - was brought in to deal with persistent minor offenders whose actions might not otherwise have been punished.
It imposes restrictions, such as banning people from a local area or preventing them from swearing in public. If an Asbo is breached, offenders can face jail.
Mrs May said she wanted a review of the powers because police should be able to use their "common sense" to deal with anti-social behaviour.
Punishments should be "rehabilitative and restorative", rather than "criminalising", she argued.
Anti-social behaviour orders promised so much but, in the eyes of the new government, have delivered so little.
The Asbo was right at the heart of the New Labour project, the idea being that you could stop young tearaways in their tracks before they became career criminals.
It developed into a panoply of preventative measures aimed at nipping community disorder in the bud.
People clearly liked the theory - but the problem was always going to be the practice.
The apparatus was beset with problems, not least a feeling early on in Whitehall that councils were too timid to take on trouble-makers.
But local officials said Asbos were not a magic bullet for complex social issues such as two or more generations of angry young men neither in work nor education.
To make matters worse, some teenagers wore the Asbo as a badge of honour - while others complained they had been criminalised for being no more than immature and thoughtless.
Speaking in London, Mrs May said: "We need a complete change in emphasis, with people and communities working together to stop bad behaviour escalating."
She also said: "We need to make anti-social behaviour what it once was - abnormal and something to stand up to... rather than frequent and tolerated."
Ministry of Justice figures show 55% of the almost 17,000 Asbos issued between June 2000 and December 2008 were breached, leading to an immediate custodial sentence in more than half of the cases.
Mrs May said: "Anti-social behaviour still blights lives, wrecks communities and provides a pathway to criminality.
"It might sometimes feel like an unwinnable battle but it's not. There is nothing inevitable about crime and there is nothing inevitable about anti-social behaviour.
"By coming together, and only by coming together, we can win this battle."
BBC home affairs correspondent Danny Shaw said the speech signalled a "fundamental shift" in thinking away from that of the previous government, adding: "It seems Asbos won't be around much longer."
For Labour, shadow home secretary Alan Johnson said Mrs May was showing "a lack of understanding about the powers already available to the police".
He added: "An anti-social behaviour order is one of a series of different powers available to the police and is used when other punitive measures have failed...
Ms Carron says Asbos have been effective in cutting crime on her estate - the Clarence Way in north London.
She has worked for 11 years there tackling drug crime and anti-social behaviour.
She says Asbos give the child a chance to change, and are the only tool available to the community.
"You can't just go out and get an Asbo one Friday... it can take nine months. You build evidence but during that building, you find out what the problem is."
She says she works closely with the police and social services and urged the home secretary to keep the system.
"Theresa May, come on the Clarence Way estate, come and stay at my house for a month, you come and see it.
"I bet she doesn't have a problem outside her house like I do on my estate."
"Of course it is right to keep such matters under review to ensure the public has speedy access to measures to stop anti-social behaviour. However, there is no doubt that the introduction of Asbos have made a huge contribution towards tackling crime and anti-social behaviour.
"If the home secretary is to restrict the opportunities for the police to use Asbos and other measures currently available then this will be yet another example of this government going soft on crime".'Wider debate'
Owen Sharp, interim chief executive of the charity Victim Support, said: "We echo Theresa May's comments that anti-social behaviour orders aren't a silver bullet, but there has to be a recognition that sometimes to get anti-social behaviour to stop then sanctions such as Asbos are needed."
Simon Edens, of the Association of Chief Police Officers, said: "Any proposals that enable agencies and communities to better deal with anti-social behaviour are to be welcomed.
"We look forward to more details, and the opportunity to engage in a wider debate."
It will be up to ministers in Scotland and Northern Ireland to decide what to do, if anything, with Asbos, as they are a devolved matter there.
Mrs May's comments come after the government unveiled plans to overhaul licensing laws, with the home secretary describing alcohol misuse as a major cause of violence.
Measures include making it easier for communities to influence licensing decisions in England and Wales, with retailers selling alcohol to children receiving tougher penalties.