3G bad, 4G better?

 
Man and woman holding phones

"Spectrum?" says a colleague as I return from a briefing on that subject at Ofcom. "Wasn't that who Captain Scarlet worked for?"

I explain loftily that spectrum is nothing to do with a 1960s children's programme but is "the hidden infrastructure that underpins technology, manufacturing and services".

That at least is how Ofcom's boss Ed Richards describes it, in a very high-fibre session on the regulator's radio spectrum plans. Just how the UK plans to ensure that the UK keeps ahead on managing the airwaves over the next decade, and how the technology might develop is obviously vitally important for our economy.

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Consumers are not that interested in futurology - many of them want to know why they haven't yet got decent 3G”

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But for all the talk of White Spaces technology, machine-to-machine communication and even 5G, it is when he looks back, not forward that Mr Richards makes the most arresting point. I put it to him that consumers are not that interested in futurology - many of them want to know why they haven't yet got decent 3G, let alone 4G.

His response surprises me in its frankness. "The wrong decision was made about coverage of 3G." Mobile operators were only required to reach 80% of the population under the terms of the 3G auction. "That stored up a problem of 20% of people not being able to get the service that everyone else had."

Conveniently, of course, that decision was made in the 1990s before Ofcom existed, but its consequences, according to Ed Richards, are being felt today. He says the lessons were learned when it came to 4G.

The 4G auction has been criticised - it only earned £2.3bn compared to the £22.5bn for 3G - but he says that this process has delivered a better outcome for more people. This time, one licence stipulates 98% indoor coverage, which effectively means 99% outdoors. "We have taken action to make sure there will be near-universal coverage. People will see a big difference in the next three to four years."

Mr Richards also sees a role for 4G in filling the gaps in superfast broadband coverage in rural areas, along with satellite coverage and the new White Spaces technology. This employs spare spectrum not used for digital TV broadcasts, and will be trialled over the coming months.

Microsoft will test its use in Glasgow to provide free public wi-fi in a city with the lowest rates of broadband uptake in the UK. And on the Isle of Wight a business called Click4internet will be working out whether White Spaces can be employed to reach places where the terrain poses challenges for conventional wireless broadband.

Ofcom believes that these days Britain is as well placed as anywhere to to deliver fast fixed and mobile broadband to just about everyone. But the 20% who have been starved of 3G coverage (often in the same places as the broadband "notspots") are entitled to ask why it has taken so long to fix things.

 
Rory Cellan-Jones, Technology correspondent Article written by Rory Cellan-Jones Rory Cellan-Jones Technology correspondent

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  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 143.

    why are we messing around with mobile internet 3G/4G etc.... when a working technology exists, such as broadband through a wireless router. Just set up a wireless router on every traffic light or something. Last time I was at starbucks / mcd, it was blazingly fast. just a thought...

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 142.

    @16 - you think 3g/4g is/will-be different in the city than your subsidised-by-fellow-humanity utopia you call Rural Britain? (which you appear to be taking for granted?). OK, 3g a tad better here but you get to listen to morning bird song, I get to listen to my teens' shrieks when social media fails again.. somehow always daddy's fault as her drug of choice fails to relieve her from the rat race

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 141.

    Using spectrum that is currently used for DTT (Freeview) is likely to mean much more retuning being needed in the next few years-much to the disgust on many viewers. It will also mean more problems with bad reception and loss of TV because of co-channel interference as more transmitters have to share frequencies. Bad idea for TV viewers everywhere. 4G is not good yet either, who's for 5G? Not me!

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 140.

    "The 4G auction has been criticised - it only earned £2.3bn compared to the £22.5bn for 3G"

    Oh diddums.

    All these billions for what exactly? A phenomenon that the laws of physics provide for free.

    Not so much money for old rope but more like out-and-out fraud.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 139.

    Great. Can rip off albums and download porn (spelt 'movies') faster than ever before ... and, since I'm not using the home broadband, Mum and Dad need never know.

    I have yet to hear a legitimate reason for more than about 100KB/s mobile.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 138.

    I agree with most comments here about basic signal let along 3G or 4g!

    We know that other countries can achieve more than 100% coverage....crikey! I get welcome to Ireland mobile network message just sat at Holyhead the signal is so bad.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 137.

    133. Meff
    1 HOUR AGO
    Can't get signal in a Faraday cage with either.. So, as my address is'Faraday Gardens' that is why the signal is crap. Nothing to do with the government............

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 136.

    Unless they can get a system that works when you are travelling, I am not interested.

    Northern Ireland has dreadful coverage and it really hurts business. But we are not included in the 99% deal that was struck :(

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 135.

    125. Anxious
    "also keeping the telephonist operator in work."

    Which century are you in?

    "Each time we have been abroad the phone becomes a brick because it does not get recognised on the EU System."

    Probably because you haven't asked for a block on roaming to be removed, all phones should work in Europe.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 134.

    Uh-oh, the moment you see that phrase "Lessons have been learned" you know it's going to happen again. That phrase now bears about as much resemblance to reality as matrix signs on the motorway do "Slow! Lessons learned ahead".

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 133.

    Can't get signal in a Faraday cage with either...

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 132.

    3G? I don't even get plain old ordinary mobile reception within a half a block of my home (zone 4 Southeast London).

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 131.

    3G is terrible and the reason why I won't be investing in a 4G phone.

    I recently tried to use Google maps on a Galaxy S3 to navigate around London. Terrible. Resorted to asking shop staff for directions to a couple of places.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 130.

    soon 4 G Bad 5 G better!! Keeps the Techies going!! We fall for the patter and latest gadgets!! Competeing with the Jones< Syndrome!!

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 129.

    5 years ago, I bought one of the first integral 3g notebooks available in the UK. I went to the southernmost point of the Philippines where it worked well, although the massive amount of antivirus required did slow things up a bit, but hey - not bad for a 3rd world country. Come on UK, you can do better than this.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 128.

    I tried 3G mobile broadband,in Newcastle upon Tyne,some time ago.It was slow,unreliable and expensive.I now use cheap and cheerful line broadband which is still a whole lot better.Before I renewed my contract,recently,I considered 4G but it was far too expensive for far too little data so I rejected the idea.Let them bring down the price of a lot more data and I might reconsider.

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 127.

    caption competition. Picture above
    L o Im' Wane
    L o i'm wanetta
    Do u cm ere iftin
    U smuth talkin barstwered.
    Oa abt it en
    OK.
    Speed dating on 4gG

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 126.

    Where I live in Cornwall, I only get 2g.
    Even through I have a 4g phone.
    It will probably be a few years before I get 3g
    by that time they will be selling mobiles that work on 5g

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 125.

    I tend to use landline telephones - especially when I have been abroad.
    They are a lot cheaper than a mobile call and are user friendly, also keeping the telephonist operator in work.

    My missus on the other hand uses the mobile phone extensively and takes it abroad with her. Each time we have been abroad the phone becomes a brick because it does not get recognised on the EU System.

    4G Progress?

  • rate this
    0

    Comment number 124.

    I just love it Rory.
    Advertising can be likened to selling ice to Eskimos, not just freezers.
    [Fridges keep things cool not frozen].

    So is 4G Unlimited?
    The ASA sided with broadband companies that "Unlimited" could be limited because the meaning of unlimited was that it was limited???

    Now if you are as lost as I am - 4G gives precisely what advantages over 3G? Is the difference worth the CASH?

 

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