15 May 2012
Last updated at 08:45
The Royal Academy of Engineering MacRobert Award, first presented in 1969, recognises the successful development of innovative ideas in engineering. It honours the winning organisation with a gold medal, and there is also a cash prize of £50,000. One of this year's three contenders is a firm from Belfast, Ireland, called Andor Technology. It has developed a highly sensitive camera that allows scientists to map a genome in only a few hours.
The camera, called Neo sCMOS, takes pictures of single cells with greater accuracy than before. For instance, this image shows a mitochondria in a mammalian cell - on the left-hand side, the image is in conventional resolution, and the right-hand side is a picture taken with the Neo camera.
Another contender Land Rover presented its cutting-edge concept car called the Range Rover Evoque. Despite having a low-profile design, the car is packed with safety and weight-saving technologies.
The car's frame is made of steel and is reinforced with ultra high-strength boron. This allows the car, manufactured at JLR’s Halewood assembly plant on Merseyside, to have a slim profile without compromising strength or safety.
The third finalist is a firm based in Yorkshire called JBA Consulting. Its flood risk modelling system, JFlow, produces detailed maps for areas affected by floods. A number of countries use JFlow, including Ireland, France, Germany, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Belgium, Luxembourg and India. (Ordnance Survey maps © Crown copyright and database right 2012)
During the devastating flooding in Thailand in 2011, JBA used JFlow to produce flood maps of the whole country within four months.