City of EdinburghElectorate: 363,622
Area (Hectares): 26,228
Edinburgh is the capital of Scotland and is the country's second largest city. The castle, St Giles Cathedral, the Palace of Holyroodhouse, and the famous international festival all attract tourists to the city. Tourism is big business, although light and service industries are also important to the capital's economy. The unitary authority also covers some of the areas to the south and west of the city itself including the prosperous towns of Cramond and Queensferry. Edinburgh is quite a middle-class city, but it is not without its problem areas. The council schemes on the edges of the city, such as Wester Hailes have high levels of unemployment and drug abuse.
The middle-class character of the city means that the Conservatives have done better here in the past then in most other areas of the central belt. Before the last general election two of the cities' six parliamentary constituencies were held by Conservative ministers. Now five of the seats are held by Labour, and one by the Liberal Democrats. Labour also controls the council, although this is not a Labour heartland in the way that Glasgow is.
Results of 1979 referendum:The regions were different in 1979, Edinburgh was part of the Lothians region.
ICM/Scotsman poll published on 22 August 1997:Question: Should there be a Scottish Parliament?
Question:Should a Scottish Parliament have tax-varying powers?
(Total Sample Size: 1,001, Fieldwork: 19-20 August 1997)
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