Wildlife conservation - Gangnam style!

Feeding time at the world's biggest crocodile farm near Bangkok Feeding time at the world's biggest crocodile farm near Bangkok

The man with the megaphone looked, in the words of one delegate, a little bit like Korea's much lamented Kim Jong-il.

Uthen Youngprapakorn is Thai, not Korean, but he does share some of the revolutionary fervour that marked out the late "dear leader".

He runs the world's biggest crocodile farm, located just outside Bangkok. And a couple of days ago, he played host to a visiting party of delegates to the Cites conference taking place in the city.

Crocodiles are everywhere you look - young ones, old ones, big ones, mean ones. Uthen's crocs simply rock.

Each year, he kills 100,000 for shoes, bags and food. Each year, three million people pay to see his collection.

This allows him to work on rare breeds of endangered crocodiles.

As he shows the delegates round, he proudly displays a basketful of baby crocs, six months old and, quite literally, snap happy.

These are the rare Tomistoma crocodile, or the false gharial, an endangered freshwater species. Uthen says he has now managed to breed 800 of them.

This makes quite an impression on the visitors. But not as much as Uthen's next trick.

For not only does his farm have crocodiles, he has a vast collection of other species, including performing elephants.

And as the attendees from the Convention on Trade In Endangered Species sit in a little stadium, we are treated to an elephant exhibition of painting.

Then four of Uthen's elephants start to dance - Gangnam style.

Oh yes. The large pachyderms gyrate to the tinny music, crossing their front legs, again and again in unison, a la Psy.

Around three million visitors a year come to this zoo,  but some of the sights are distressing Around three million visitors a year come to this zoo, but some of the sights are distressing

Several of the delegates recoiled in horror. But one or two others heeded Uthen's megaphoned exhortations and joined in.

I sat transfixed. I asked Uthen later if it was cruel to have elephants prancing around, mimicking humans.

He didn't see it that way. "What happens if you just let the elephants walk? They have no exercise. Why are our elephants not so fat and not so skinny? Because we let them out dancing every day, then they burn the energy; they eat and burn, eat and burn," he said.

But it wasn't just elephants. There were monkeys in jeans, tiger cubs in cages, and crocodile wrestling, several times a day.

Many people might dismiss this as some sort of freak show but among the delegates on this visit, there were open minds.

For Cites, above all else, is about trade. It is not about tree-huggers or animal rights; it is about regulating sustainable trade in flora and fauna.

And while Uthen's approach might seem outlandish, there was some sense among those attending that there may be things to learn from the private sector.

Recently, a group of scientists, writing in a leading journal, called for the legalisation of the trade in rhino horn.

Those researchers cited crocodiles as the model for the rhino. They said that however distasteful, allowing a legal trade in crocodile products and bringing in energetic businessmen like Uthen Youngprapakorn, had been successful in removing the need to hunt them.

The owner of the world's largest crocodile farm explains his philosophy on preservation to delegates from the Cites meeting Uthen Youngprapakorn explains his philosophy on conservation to delegates from the Cites meeting

As a result wild populations have recovered.

Many conservationists are horrified by these ideas - and they believe that even talking about them gives succour to those who would maim and kill creatures like rhinos, in the belief that a legal trade might happen sometime in the future.

But back on the crocodile farm, Uthen Youngprapakorn believes that profit is the key to preservation - species will not survive if they cannot pay their way.

"Some people have very conservative views - they are looking on one side, they are not seeing the whole system," he tells me.

"If you don't interest people, how do you preserve that animal? How do you develop genetics or anything? That is the wrong way, you must interest first."

And in his world, raising interest means the elephants continue to dance.

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Matt McGrath Article written by Matt McGrath Matt McGrath Environment correspondent


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  • rate this

    Comment number 28.

    Seriously, the article does raise an uncomfortable dilema.

    The undignified 'acts' of the animals are sad, but better than crocodiles being hunted to extinction. Although there are cultural barriers, we just have to hope that in time 'enlightenment' on animal welfare will put an end to the dancing elephants & chimps in jeans (not so long ago PG Tips were doing that).

  • rate this

    Comment number 27.

    25.kevinrvs1 - "No animal should be...treated in any way inferior to us. After all...we do not accept racism within our species & we should therefore not accept speciesism."

    Speciesism?! :o)

    24.Morrile - "We should treat animals not as something for humans to play with but as people with inteligence & feelings."

    People? Really?

    These post are more entertaining than dancing elephants.

  • rate this

    Comment number 26.

    #24 Morrile

    Go and tell that to the Thai's or the Chinese and they will just laugh at you. I'm afraid that one of the prices of multiculturalism is having to accept the mores of other cultures - sexism, racism, caste systems, cruelty to animals & children, slavery, paedophilia, intolerance for different beliefs & religions, +a thousand others. Unless you want cultural fascism back of course. :D

  • rate this

    Comment number 25.

    No animal should be made to perform ANY activity. Neither should they be hunted, slaughtered, eaten, worn, subjected to experiments or treated in any way inferior to us. After all, we are only animals and we do not accept racism within ourt species adn we should therefore not accept speciesism. We can look after our fellow creatures without viewing them as objects or possessions or resources.

  • rate this

    Comment number 24.

    We should treat animals not as something for humans to play with but as people with inteligence and feelings.

  • rate this

    Comment number 23.

    the Thai's haven't got a clue how to look after animals. If you think this place sounnds bad, you should see some of their larger zoos. After travelling round Thailand, I soon realised how badly animals were treated there. There is no conservation aspects, just a means to earn some Bhat.

  • rate this

    Comment number 22.

    preserving a species in captivity is pointless. may as well just freeze the dna and hope for the best. what conservation is about is conserving whole ecosystems, the species within them and the interactions between them. that, imho is the only thing worth conserving but it clearly means setting aside a small part of the planet for wildlife so is probably doomed.

  • rate this

    Comment number 21.

    I have visited this place, many, many years ago.

    It was cruel then and by the sounds of it remain just as cruel today.....

    .....it is because we humans can be so cruel to animals that we are so cruel to each other.....


  • rate this

    Comment number 20.

    As irrational as this sounds, it just feels wrong. I don't know if I can approve of this, and yet clearly it gets results. I suppose it depends if we are trying to concerve the physical animal or concerve it in its natural context and with its natural behaviour. If the physcial animal is all that matters then I suppose this is a good idea. But I have a feeling that this is not going far enough

  • rate this

    Comment number 19.

    What would you rather .
    A species kept alive , through exploitation .
    Or a species left to extinction from human interference , without exploitation .

    Obviously species protection without xploitation would be preferable .
    But castigating the best alternative rather than coming up with a better option is mindless .

  • rate this

    Comment number 18.

    My dog sits and gives his paw for his dinner and loves doing it (although I'd still feed him if he didn't). At the age of 5 I had to go to school and then had to get a job, 9am to 5pm until I'm 65 (70??). Now that is un-natural behavior. Do I complain; yes. But the option to be a hunter gatherer is not there, same as most animals born into a world of 6 bil. humans can't have natural lives.

  • rate this

    Comment number 17.

    First of all I would like to tell Mr. Howesyourview that he should start and tell wikipedia how wrong they are: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangkok

    Secondly I donĀ“t think it is bad for animals to be preserved. Of course one would like to know how they learned to dance but I am sure there are ways of teaching animals to dance without hurting or doping them.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    Rhino horn, tiger teeth, elephant ivory, shark fins.... it's actually all just China that is responsible. And recently we discover they're busy hacking Western companies for industrial secrets, and we've known for decades about the faking of western consumer goods. When is the rest of the world going to stand up and say "Enough is enough"? China's refusal to play fair is spoiling everything.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    Matt, perhaps you could cover the impact of this on wildlife and the environment.


  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    The flawed part of the story is concluding that an outcome of these farms is the recovery of wild populations -the would-be conservation value of shifting the commercial pressure from hunting wild animals to farming them. It has rarely happened with crocs or other vertebrates. There are many examples of wild animal farms completely disconnected from the fate in the wild for the same species.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.


    Out of the words "Bangkok Metropolitan Administration" which is Thai?

    you have rendered you're own point specious.

    I suggest in future you use various sources and come up with a more compelling arguement rather than fall at the first hurdle. Although you would eventually fail as my fact is true, I do rather enjoy the "chase"

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    It appears that some of you require education. Vote down my comment about the actualy name of "Bangkok"? Clearly you have no reason to be reading the news at all as you appear to know "everything" how about you use the internet and look it up. Then you can see how foolish you feel when you realise I am correct and your down rating was idiotic

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.


    Is that why the area is run by the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration?

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    There is something in the argument that to conserve an animal you have to eat it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    Just as a side note, (primarily for the BBC to correct the error the continously make) Bangkok has not existed for more than 200 years. It's name is Krung Thep (Shortened pronounced Grung Tape). Full name is Krungthep Mahanakhon Amorn Ratanakosin Mahintara Yudthaya Mahadilok Pohp Noparat Rajathanee Bureerom Udomrajniwes Mahasatarn Amorn Pimarn Avaltarnsatit Sakatattiya Visanukram Prasit.



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