Owners appeal to Obama over California ferret ban

black footed ferret A black footed ferret from Montana where it is legal to own the animals.

Among the big issues President Obama will be thinking about as he starts his second term, the great Californian ferret crisis is probably not one of them.

The Golden state is the last part of the continental US to hold out against the charms of this furry member of the weasel family, maintaining a ban on ownership of the mammal, who's Latin name, Mustela putorius furo, means "weasel-like stinky thief".

Start Quote

California has more ferrets than New York and Texas, where they are legal.”

End Quote Pat Wright California ferret owner

Ferret fanciers might find the description a bit harsh as they say the creatures are intelligent, fun loving and make great pets.

But California's Fish and Wildlife department begs to differ.

They've maintained a ban on ownership since 1933 to try and ensure that ferrets don't go feral - they are worried that if the critters escape into the wild, they might outbreed and outcompete native species.

For San Diego resident Pat Wright, legalising the ferret has become his life's work.

Laws being ignored

Under the slogan "do it for the little guy", Pat has run for office, organised campaigns and even gone to jail in his struggle for ferret's rights. He even managed to get the Californian legislature to pass a bill overturning the ban in 2004 but it was terminated by former governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Now Pat is turning to President Obama. If he can get 25,000 signatures on a petition within 30 days, the White House is promising a review.

"California has more ferrets than New York and Texas, where they are legal, " he told me referring to the fact that anything up to 500,000 of the animals are owned illegally in the state.

pat wright with dogs Pat Wright has been fighting for ferrets for 25 years

"It's a law that's being ignored. It's hard to get in trouble with a ferret - we've had people take ferrets to the state capital and not be able to get arrested," he said.

However the Californian authorities argue the ban is justified because ferrets can spread diseases like rabies.

They point to other countries such as New Zealand where the animals were imported in the 1880s to control rabbits that were breeding like...err... rabbits.

The ferrets escaped into the wild and thrived to the extent that New Zealand has the largest wild population in the world. But they have proven themselves a serious threat to many native birds, including brown teal penguins and kiwi.

In recent years scientists have linked them to the spread of bovine TB. They were banned as pets in 2002.

Ferret legging

Pat Wright insists that the conditions in California are very different and the animals could not thrive in the wild.

"Ferrets cannot go feral except in an island ecosystem where there's nothing to eat ferrets, and there's plenty for ferrets to eat," he said,

"It can not happen in mainland California."

The campaign now hinges on getting enough petition signatures to involve President Obama.

Who knows, perhaps if it is successful the great British tradition of ferret legging, involving stuffing the creatures down trouser legs, might one day become a common sight in the bars of Los Angeles and San Francisco.

Pat Wright thinks not.

"No we're a little more sane over here. And American ferrets are a little more mellow than British ones," he added.

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  • rate this

    Comment number 24.

    A Ferret killed 2 of my chickens just before christmas. I caught it gnawing on one of the heads under the coop floor.

  • rate this

    Comment number 23.

    What about whippets ?

  • rate this

    Comment number 22.

    As MaryM pointed out, the vast majority of U.S. ferrets come from Marshall Farms and are neutered before they ever leave the place. Female ferrets cannot be kept as pets without spaying because they must be continuously bred or die of a form of anemia. Cats, dogs, wild predators (which, unlike Native Europeans, the Native Americans preserved) and humans are a greater threat to U.S. wildlife.

  • rate this

    Comment number 21.

    The vast majority of ferrets in the US are neutered at only a few weeks old, they are also kept as pampered indoor pets so the chances of them forming feral populations are practically zero.

    If you want to protect wildlife then ban the domestic cat, far more of a threat.

    Oh and the photo is of a black footed ferret which is a completely different species and is endangered.

  • rate this

    Comment number 20.


    Thr problem is mate that most people are not as concious as you are......

  • rate this

    Comment number 19.

    Take it neutering isn't an option?

  • rate this

    Comment number 18.

    Hmmm. Need to ban cats, dogs, rabbits, hamsters as well - they are all carriers of rabies. Oh and humans.

    Using carrier of rabies as an excuse to ban ferrets is ridiculous.

  • rate this

    Comment number 17.

    "But outdoors, ferrets are ill-equipped to hunt, far more likely to become prey than predators."
    Do you have rabbits in California? Ferrets are perfectly designed to go down a rabbit hole and kill anything they find down there. They can cross breed with polecats too and the polecat is the ultimate killer of chickens. (Incidentally we have a few wild polecats in Nottingham now)

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    I have not met a wild ferret in the UK, there does not seem to be a great problem.
    Building strategies would be a great topic, houses built from traditional materials like oak, cob, straw, stone + mud do not generate huge carbon footprints during construction and can last 500 years or much more if cared for; why invest in temporary structures that will last only 50-150 years?

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    So Ferrets are an environmental issue, are they?

    What about some real environmental issues such as the recent EU finding that the energy efficient homes being built are so expensive that the extra cost will not be recovered within the lifetime of the buildings (from 50 to 150 years) - that is a real issue, Ferrets are not!

    Even Compo would agree!

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    Domestic ferrets are legal in 48 states. Ever heard of about feral ferrets running amuck, attacking people. Interestingly, state with most pet ferrets is California; yet, California is the only state which BANS ferrets. Contention: ferrets may reproduce, impacting environment. But outdoors, ferrets are ill-equipped to hunt, far more likely to become prey than predators.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    Owned Ferrets for years, part of a Ferret Rescue, I can assure one that ferrest are loving creatures, clever and do not smell anywhere as bad people make out.

    I have been bitten quite a few times when handling young ferrets and have i ever had an infetion ? NO!
    BBC.,dont even read your OWN archives ?
    19th Ap 11- Man bitten stealing ferrets - rabies ? No !
    29 Dec 11 - Quaran laws relaxed.

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    So, Mr McGrath, you refer in your article to the domestic ferret, Mustela putorius furo but show us a picture of the Black footed ferret, Mustela nigripes, which is native to North America and on the IUCN edangered species list. Is someone a little confused?
    I know it's common BBC policy for correspondents to cover issues they don't fully understand but, this is a really good one.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    Ferrets are quiet intelligent and resourceful animals and are very capable of surviving without an owner. Obvious the owners don't know their own animals.

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.


    Yes, it happens, but in nothing like the nos that the opposite happens, as evidenced the world over.....

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    #8 I'm the flip side to your argument. My cats were feral until I adopted them.

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    6.baffledinbristol - "......Pets going feral are due to human actions or sloppiness."

    Which is why humans should not be allowed them......

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    That is weasely recognised as a perret. It is stoatally different to a polecat

    I'll get my coat :-)

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    How can you not love ferrets? Any responsible keeper will ensure the health and the security of their animals. The real issue is human behaviour in choosing to keep animals they can not cope with or can not be bothered to care for. Perhaps we need to move from 'ownership' to 'adoption'. Pets going feral are due to human actions or sloppiness.

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    I am affronted at this vicious vendetta against the ferret loving community. The arguments in favour of a ban do not stand up to objective analysis.

    Lots of mammals can spread rabies, including dogs, cats, bats and even rabid people. If the statistics are correct and there have been lots of ferrets in California for some time then fears of them becoming naturalised are demonstrably unfounded.


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