Will crime cripple Rio's Olympic ambitions?


Rio de Janeiro is rich in world-famous cultural landmarks but income inequality remains a huge problem in Brazil.

Navigating the morning rush hour on a skateboard is ambitious. Doing it with a surf board under your arm may just be suicidal. By juggling the Pope, Carnival, the World Cup and the Olympics all in the space of just three years, Rio de Janeiro is perhaps similarly crazy.

But, to stretch the analogy just a little too far, my skateboarding surfer carried off his challenging commute to the beach with a lot of style and, as far I could see, only the odd wobble. So, can Rio pull off the same trick?

The mayor of what locals like to call "the marvellous city" certainly thinks so. Eduardo Paes took me on a tour of Rio de Janeiro by helicopter.

There's no better way to see the Olympic future than from the air. We flew over the site of the Olympic village.

Rio Mayor Eduardo Paes takes the BBC's Katty Kay on a helicopter tour of the city

While the buildings certainly aren't finished yet, preparations, he says, are on schedule.

Unfortunately the bill is going up as fast as the stadiums. It's thought the Olympics project is some 25-50% over budget.

But Mr Paes thinks the cost is worth it. He doesn't just want to host the 2016 games, he wants them to transform and modernise this city. He's raised private money to renovate the city's old port. Even Donald Trump is investing.

But it's controversial. The mayor is blowing up a commuter highway and building luxury apartments to renovate the area. Critics say that doesn't really do much for the city's poor.

Two years out, it's too early to say whether the mayor's Olympic ambitions will come off.

The World Cup, on the other hand, is less than four months away and Brazil is still missing deadlines.

Just this week, they talked of ditching one of the match locations because the stadium in the city was clearly never going to be ready in time.

Pacifying the favelas

  • Brazil's homicide rate has dropped in half between 2005 and 2012
  • Since 2008, the city has conducted 30 operations to increase security in favelas
  • 8,000 new police officers permanently patrol these favelas
  • Police have reasserted control at least dozen favelas, encompassing more than a million residents
  • The two major Rio de Janeiro drug gangs have been driven out of the favelas they once controlled; their leaders are in custody or on the run

Source: US state department's bureau of diplomatic security

Rio's stadium, the iconic Maracana, where the Cup final will be held, is already ready.

There may not be enough hotel rooms to house the tens of thousands of tourists who will make the beaches of Rio their tournament base, but the extra space should be available in private homes. The bigger problem here is crime.

In 2008, the city decided to clean up the favelas, the notorious shanty towns that tumble down the hillsides of this city, right into the heart of the tourist neighbourhoods.

The policy was known as pacification. Favela residents say the authorities' tactics in getting rid of crime have been particularly brutal.

Police flooded the favelas and the violence there subsided. But, recently, it's been ticking up again amid headlines that pacification has hit a wall.

Katty and Mayor Eduardo Paes in control room The BBC's Katty Kay and Mayor Eduardo Paes in the city of Rio de Janeiro's control centre

In a few days, you only get snapshots of a city. It would be absurd to suggest that a scant week can let you understand a country as huge and complicated as Brazil. The favela I visited seemed calm.

I walked through it to visit a family who lived there, and I didn't feel any tension. But as we left, we got news that there had just been a two-hour gun battle in another favela, which shut down the whole area.

On top of more protests this month, it adds to a sense of uncertainty.

And residents of Rio's smarter areas told me repeatedly that they feel there's been a spike in crime recently. They say the violence simply shifted - when the police clamped down on the favelas the drug gangs moved into town to make their living picking pockets of wealthier residents.

Conscious that foreign tourists are already a little nervous about Rio's reputation for violence, the authorities here are expected to flood tourist areas with police during the World Cup.

The mayor admitted that his city still has a lot of security problems, but he insists visitors will be safe here.

Rio is gearing up for a long stint in the spotlight.

Nobody here can be totally confident that it will all run smoothly.

But when the sun shines in this spectacular, fun-loving city, it's hard not believe that it won't at least be a great party.

Katty Kay Article written by Katty Kay Katty Kay Presenter, BBC World News

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  • rate this

    Comment number 17.

    According to security specialists the pacification program is unsustainable in a long term and corruption is already undermining the troops. Reason whygovernment does no want the army in the streets for extended periods. It's naive to assume the profits of the world cup would ever turn out in schools and hospitals, what we see is services closures everyday. Minimum wages are nearly 190GBP month.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    The question to ask with pacification is whether the program will continue after 2016, when Brazil is in economic distress and the spotlight is no longer on Rio.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    Needles to say that Brazil is a complex place with serious issues. I hate football but I support the world cup and I hope this opportunity to show off the country is not missed.
    With regards to the protests. It started as spontaneous, non violent movement of Brazilian of all classes expressing their frustration with government but it has been now taken over by criminals.

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    BRAZIL show us your glitz glamour and great football that's what we want to see.
    Show us your country warts and all because we want to see the people of Brazil
    FIFA gave you the World Cup so let's all enjoy a wonderful spectacle for the whole world to see

    Now with the visitors comes money invest it in hospitals churches and communities.
    The people are what makes Brazil not the politicians

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    Rio de Janeiro is rich in world-famous cultural landmarks but income inequality remains a huge problem in Brazil.


    London is rich in world-famous cultural landmarks but income inequality remains a huge problem in England.

    Welcome to the third world folks.

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    Expect massive protests and violence. Brazilians don't want to hurt foreign tourists (excepting normal criminal robberies,) But we are sick and tired of corrupt politicians and inefficient public services. Both the World Cup and the Olympics will be memorable here, that is for sure. Due to the protests/riots for sure. We have had enough of the corruption and inefficienty of our politicians.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    We have an expresion in Brazil. "Para o inglês ver". - For the English to see. It basically means a false show to impress. Brazil will flood the streets with cops and the Army in both events, then afterwards, everything will go back to normal. Huge costs, meanwhile people die waiting in lines at public health hospitals. I have lived here for 26 years (20 in Rio,) and am naturalized Brazilian.

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    I second BluesBerry regarding the poll, where 70% support the Anti World Cup protests. In my opinion the protests lost momentum because of Christmas + Summer Holidays + Carnival. Rio de Janeiro shows a significant reduction in activity from December to March. It's said here, the working year starts in March.

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    I love the analogy "skate+surfboard on the rush hour". It's like living on the edge like Fast and Furious adrenaline, problem is how far one will go. Rio residents live on the edge of public services. As a Brazilian I 'd rather see investments in quality public services, not mega events that generate profits only for private corporations and their friendly politicians. Good luck for those who come

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    Rio de Janeiro is one of the most 'edgy' cities in Brazil, due to the proximity of the favelas, right within the city centre. But for most visitors, as long as they stick to the touristy areas, and don't venture into any favela, they should be fine. Rio already receives each year nearly 1 million visitors over the Carnaval period, Im sure, most love it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    Worth pointing out that according to a recent IPSOS survey, 75% of brazilians are in favour of the World Cup:
    [Unsuitable/Broken URL removed by Moderator]
    The recent small protests have turned violent, putting most people off, as Brazilians like to protest, but they hate riots.

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    I live in Rio and obviously everyone knows that, as in most major cities throughout the world, crime is a problem.
    Brazil is no stranger to hosting the world cup and I am sure that they will deliver an excellent tournament albeit in the shadow of protests no doubt.
    Most people here are poor & would be better served by a government that worked with the idea 'charity begins at home'.

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    I think that people are more nervous about Brazil's Olympics than Russia's in regards to being safe

    Brazil is just not known for being a safe country

    But it is a very beautiful country

    I think the Olympic organizers took a big risk in picking Brazil
    and it is yet to be determined if it was worth it

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    Poll by Folha de São Paulo found 70% of people supported the anti–World Cup protests. Resurgence of public action has unsettled politicians - 10 months before elections.
    Why did protests lose momentum after June/13?
    No matter, momentum will resurface because promises made after the wave of protests last June will not have been delivered.
    Brazil = political hotspot - fire just below surface.

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    Residents of Rio's smarter areas told you...they feel there's been a spike in crime recently. Violence simply shifted - when the police clamped down on the favelas, drug gangs moved into town to make their living picking pockets of wealthier residents.
    Authorities are expected to flood tourist areas with police during the World Cup.
    Are games 1st step in turning Brazil into police state?

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.

    When Rio bid, it presented $14.4B budget to International Olympic Committee - higher than COMBINED BUDGETS OF 3 other finalists. Greater cause for concern - every Olympics in modern history has overshot its budget - badly. Working paper from Oxford University: every Olympics since 1960 has gone over budget (average overrun 179%).
    Where have all the protests gone? Where is money coming from?

  • rate this

    Comment number 1.

    June, 2013 - @ a million people flooded streets of Brazil to protest everything from subpar public programs to govt corruption. Many targeted World Cup as symbol of govt’s dubious priorities = wasteful spending.
    Just 2 years after World Cup, Rio de Janeiro is to play host to 2016 Olympic Games.
    Where have all the protests gone? Where is money coming from?



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