The real-life Robinson Crusoe island
1 October 2012 Last updated at 16:42 BST
Robinson Crusoe Island is the largest of the Juan Fernandez Islands, a tiny archipelago that is now Chilean territory. Its link to Daniel Defoe's book of the same name dates back to 1704 when a British buccaneer ship called at the island.
These days, about 800 people live there, surviving on lobster fishing and tourism.
Gideon Long visited this beautiful island of dramatic cliffs and soaring mountains to find out more.