NFL safety: Is American football too violent?

Tight end Heath Miller #83 of the Pittsburgh Steelers makes a reception and is tackled by linebacker Wesley Woodyard #52 and defensive back Mike Adams #20 of the Denver Broncos Fans are attracted to football's big hits, but some are troubled by the long-term consequences

Some American football fans are worried that the National Football League is too brutal to be enjoyed. Can the sport change course?

Charlie Camosy is a big fan of American football.

"It's a great combination of raw caveman strength and gladiatorial combat and the most complicated chess match you can ever imagine," he says, noting that this time of year - when football returns - is one of his favourites.

But Camosy is also a professor of Christian ethics at Fordham University in New York. And this year, he's feeling more and more conflicted about watching the sport he loves when he knows it can be so dangerous.

"Even though I'm excited for the start of the year, we need to be honest about the fact that football is a violent sport, and many things that people like about it, including me, is the violence. It's not just violence in the abstract, it's people's lives who are tremendously impacted by this." says Camosy.

Football has always been a brutal sport: in the early days of the game, President Theodore Roosevelt threatened to shut the college programme down unless the young men from Harvard, Princeton and Yale stopped dying on the field.

One of the National Football League' s most memorable games was the 1985 match between the Washington Redskins and the New York Giants, when Giants defensive player Lawrence Taylor tackled quarterback Joe Theisman with such force that Theisman's leg snapped in two, bone and blood visible on the field.

"Football and violence is nothing new whatsoever," says Frank Deford, sports commentator for National Public Radio and author of Over Time: My Life As a Sports Writer. In the past, that violence has ebbed and flowed as rule changes sought to limit the damage. "It's gone back to a peak again, and the question is whether you can correct the game," he says.

Football v rugby

Though rugby itself can be a violent game, it pales in comparison to American football. American football players are larger and stronger than rugby players. They also wear more protective equipment - which makes the sport more dangerous, not less.

"In rugby you don't play with helmets, there are no pads, you can't possibly inflict the type of bodily damage that you can in football when you're in the armour," says Frank Deford. He believes that if American football players wore pads that more closely resembled rugby gear, there might me fewer injuries.

The BBC on rugby v football

The current state of professional football means that the violence is more impressive to watch - and has more long-lasting consequences.

"We have a better idea of how the story ends now," says Will Leitch, a contributing editor at New York Magazine. The life-long football fan wrote an article earlier this month called "Is Football Wrong?"

His article echoes recent blog posts made by writers like Ta Nehesi Coates and Andrew Sullivan. In each case, the arguments are similar: the hits are getting bigger and harder, and the evidence we have about the long-term effect on player's brains are getting harder to ignore.

"We're creating, essentially, missiles of people's bodies banging into each other in the most dramatic ways. We haven't seen the people with 300lb (136kg) bodies who can run the 40-yard dash in 4.6 seconds," says Camosy. "That kind of force has never existed in the human body before."

Mounting evidence shows that the damage caused by repeated concussions can have lasting health consequences for American football players. These men are more likely to die from diseases caused by damaged brain cells, like Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study in the journal Neurology.

Medical experts suspect repeated head trauma can lead to mental illness and suicide, and there have been a rash of former NFL player suicides in the past.

Shortly before committing suicide last year, Dave Duerson, a former player for the Chicago Bears, sent a text message to his family requesting that his brain be donated to a facility that researches football injuries.

Junior Seau during a football game Junior Seau committed suicide in 2012. His death has not been linked to brain damage, but triggered safety questions

"He was one of my favourite players," says Leitch. "The idea that he was mush at the end, the way he committed suicide to make sure his brain could be preserved...It's hard to then be like 'Yeah, jack em up! Huge hits!'"

But the huge hits are still drawing lots of fans.

The first Sunday Night Football game of the 2012-2013 season brought in record ratings this week, with almost 25 million Americans tuning in to watch the Denver Broncos defeat the Pittsburgh Steelers. According to, that number represents a 7% increase over last year and the best rating for a regular season football game in 14 years.

For its part, the National Football League is doing what it can to stem the damage done by the sport. Recently, the league donated $30m (£18.7m) to the National Institutes of Health to study brain injuries.

"Our commitment is to keep pushing the envelope and be one of the leaders in health and safety research," says Clare Graff, the senior manager of corporate communications at the NFL. She points out that head injuries are an issue of concern for other sports, not just football.

Football fathers weigh in

  • Kurt Warner, retired pro-footballer: "[O]bviously when you understand the size, the speed, the violence of the game, and then you couple that with situations like Junior Seau — was that a ramification of all the years playing? And things that go with that. It scares me as a dad."
  • Bart Scott, New York Jets: "I don't want my son to play football. I play football so he doesn't have to... I don't want to have to deal with him getting a concussion and what it would be like later in life."
  • Andrew Blecher, sports medicine physician: "I will educate my son and make sure that he is well aware of the risk vs reward decision himself. If he decides on his own that he wants to play, then I will help him personally and I will also help his community to make sure that there is adequate injury awareness and prevention."

At the same time, the NFL is constantly revising rules to try to limit the long-term damage done to players, and does so knowing that its rules and safety regulations are often adopted by youth and college programs.

"We want to set the standard and we take that responsibility seriously," she says.

Whether or not they can make the game safe for kids, not just for professionals, may be what eventually determines American football's fate.

"What you are hearing for the first time is 'I don't want to see my child playing football'," says NPR's Frank Deford.

"I don't think we've come to the point where I've heard anyone say I'm not going to a professional game."

That's something both Leitch and Camosy understand all too well. Both men will be tuning into the football season this year despite their reservations.

"I'm going to watch football but it's almost with a sense of sadness this year - a growing sense of sadness," Camosy asks.

"How long can I watch football and still keep my soul?"


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  • rate this

    Comment number 366.

    Darwinism in action.

  • rate this

    Comment number 365.

    It boggles the mind that people without even the slightest bit of understanding of this game comment on it like experts. I've played rugby my whole life, apart from bum knees, back and neck, I'm fine. An NFL players life expectancy is 52; players who die in their twenties invariably already show signs of early onset dementia, and yet people will still try and say its not more violent than rugby...

  • rate this

    Comment number 364.

    I've played american football in the UK for close to a year now, and i played rugby for seven years before that
    i dont believe the NFL is too violent, though AF is certainly more physical than rugby
    if you play sports, then you play it for the love of it, and deal with the possible consequences later on
    you do it for the love of the game

    Rugby is a contact sport AF is a collision sport.

  • rate this

    Comment number 363.

    Oh Wow!
    As a Canadian, I am shocked and saddened by this news.
    A few years ago, Canadian pressure groups said the same thing about Hockey. They found fighting and hits were "too violent".
    They destroyed hockey as it should be played and replaced it by a blend, European-like style of play.

    I dont like Football but I hope this sport will stay as it is and will not be destroyed like hockey were.

  • rate this

    Comment number 362.

    Comment 361 portraying all the usual tired old cliches people trot out about NFL. Surprised you left out the oh so hilarious ridiculing of them wearing pads & helmets and how they are not as tough as Rugby Players. Why did you read an American Football article if you hate it so much?

  • rate this

    Comment number 361.

    This 'game' is a boring, tedious, long drawn out exercise in armoured statistics.

  • rate this

    Comment number 360.

    @11Dhellin if footballers played rugby then there would be several injured rugby players in the first half; footballers undeniably come in bigger sizes than union and to a lesser extent, league, and tend to make contact at higher speeds.The openness of a rugby pitch means charging in to a tackle is ineffective; not true of football
    @28zeusuk its because the ball is one foot long; hence foot-ball

  • rate this

    Comment number 359.

    Perhaps the BBC's next North American Sports story can be be about injured Canadian Hockey players. Try and find a professional Hockey athelete without missing teeth!

  • rate this

    Comment number 358.

    In American Football the violence in on the Field and stops at the end of each Play. Then the medics go treat the injured.

    In Europe and elsewhere Football Hooligans kill each other... Hundreds die each year around the world.

  • rate this

    Comment number 357.


    "@Golgotha, violence in sport reaches far beyond our two cultures.

    why would WW2 even be relevant?"

    Please, when has an HYS ever stayed on topic and not diverged at some point?

  • rate this

    Comment number 356.

    @ 354. Patrick D:
    You should be ashamed of yourself.

  • rate this

    Comment number 355.

    @ 352. Harry:
    Chill, geezer. It's a bit of banter. It's only embarrassing if you take it all too seriously.

  • rate this

    Comment number 354.

    Yeah right, and this story coming on the tail of the UK Government's decision yesterday concerning the 96 Tragic Deaths that occurred during a 1989 Soccer Match.

    UK Soccer Hooligans are responsible for far more assaults than all the incidents involving American Football Fans combined !!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 353.

    I have been watching American Football for many years and never once has the thought that it was "too violent" ever crossed my mind. It's a tough sport, no-one forces anyone to play the game, if you're not man enough to take the knocks, don't play it!

  • rate this

    Comment number 352.

    What has rugby got to do with this article, please? I'm pretty sure it's about NFL and injuries in NFL relating to its violent nature. Stop being so defensive about rugby. I am English, I enjoy rugby, but please stop being so defensive, it's embarrassing, especially when the article isn't about it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 351.

    I quiet enjoy NFL, it's a good game BUT ask those NFL boys to take all those pads and helmets off and then come and play Rugby.... Perhaps Charlie Camosy needs to come and watch a proper violent game at Twickers or Lansdown Road or Cardiff. Of course if the IRB still had Kahunas we'd still have proper rucking too, anyone remember All Blacks vs Wales/Lions rucking in the 70's?

  • rate this

    Comment number 350.

    How is it that I guessed that this commenting area would turn into a slanging match between rugby fanatics who are not commenting on the article at all, rather just how much better rugby is than American Football. This article was about the prevalence of injuries in American Football, it was not about whether a player is stronger in one sport or another. For the record, AF players are bigger, fact

  • rate this

    Comment number 349.

    345. Sibbwolf
    @Rodney, sorry, but that's irrelevant.
    The topic is violence in sports. WW2 may have helped spread sports, but had no impact on the violence.
    Who are you, the master moderator of HYS? Telling me what I can or can't say now? Hm? Ever seen a link between WW2 and big brutal men (fake or not) playing seemingly brutal sports? Hm? Ever put 2 and 2 together?

  • rate this

    Comment number 348.

    How many on here have played both at a decent level? My guess is bery few judging by the silly comments.

    Rugby is a stamina game putting an emphasis on grasp and control tackling. American football is a collision game putting more an emphasis on brute strength and hitting. I was always more tired after rugby but more hurt after American football.

  • rate this

    Comment number 347.

    "American football players are larger and stronger than rugby players"

    Fatter, you mean! Rugby players are sized to their position, much like yanky 'football' and some of them are incredibly powerful... ever heard of Jona Lomuh!


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