Salmassi: The teacher who won Iran's first Olympic medal
29 July 2012 Last updated at 01:33 BST
In 1948, Iran sent its first Olympic team to the London.
The nation's young Shah, who had set the country on a course of modernisation, saw the '48 games as an opportunity to reintroduce Iran to the world.
Weightlifter Ja'afar Salmassi, a teacher by profession, won Iran's first Olympic medal - a bronze in the featherweight class.
On Sunday, Samassi's athletic heirs - the men's 56kg weightlifters - compete in London for 2012 Olympic gold.
The BBC Persian Service's Khashayar Joneidi tells Salmassi's story.