Can Hollywood's top dogs really act?


The BBC's David Sillito went to meet Uggie and his trainer Omar Von Muller

Animals have been stealing scenes since movies began - but can Hollywood's top dogs really act or is it all down to clever training?

The Artist is being tipped to sweep the board at this year's Oscars - but there will be no Academy Award for one of the silent film's biggest stars.

In fact, he will be lucky to get a pat on the head and a consoling bone to chew on.

Uggie is a nine-year-old Jack Russell terrier - and the Academy is famously sniffy when it comes to handing out prizes to animals.

Lassie, Cheetah and Rin Tin Tin may have been among the biggest stars of their day - but not one of them ever gripped the famous gold statuette in their jaws.

The nearest a "non-human" performer has come to Oscar-night glory was in 1998, when Bart the Bear, a 1,480-pound Kodiak and star of films such as The Edge and Legends of the Fall, presented the Oscar for Best Achievement in Sound Effects Editing.

Animal stars of the 30s and 40s

Cheetah, Baby, Toto and The Pie
  • Left: Cheetah the chimp appeared with Johnny Weissmuller and Maureen O'Sullivan in Tarzan films from 1932-34 - he died last month at the age of 80.
  • Centre, top: Baby, in the film Bringing up Baby (1938) with Cary Grant and Katherine Hepburn, was played by Nissa the leopard. The film also features a fox terrier called George, played by Asta, a leading 1930s dog actor.
  • Right: Terry, a Cairn terrier, earned $125 a week as Toto in The Wizard of Oz (1939) - more than many human actors. She almost died when a Winkie guard stepped on her. Judy Garland wanted desperately to adopt her.
  • Centre bottom: A 12-year-old Elizabeth Taylor starred in National Velvet in 1944 riding a horse called The Pie (short for "Pirate") in the Grand National steeplechase. She was later given her co-actor as a birthday present.

Fans of Uggie - who has already won the coveted Palm Dog at the Cannes film festival for his performance as the faithful sidekick of a fading matinee idol - have launched a campaign on Twitter and Facebook for the Academy to recognise his talents.

Uggie from The Artist Many critics say Uggie steals the show in The Artist

But the chances of this latest Doggie De Niro jumping the celluloid species barrier into the world of human acting honours appear remote.

The Academy appears to have had a downer on dogs since the first Oscar night in 1929 when, legend has it, German Shepherd Rin Tin Tin was voted best actor, only for the statue to be mysteriously handed to a human actor, Emil Jannings, instead.

Some think today's Hollywood establishment are no less wary of sharing the awards night spotlight with a furry rival.

"There is a good chance that a certain number of serious thespians would be very offended to be on a stage with, say, a cute golden retriever who happened to make a very popular film," says author Susan Orlean, who is campaigning for Rin Tin Tin to be awarded a posthumous Oscar.

Rin Tin Tin being groomed by his owner Lee Duncan, 1935 Rin Tin Tin preparing for his close-up in 1935's Jaws Of Steel

Rin Tin Tin was the undisputed star of the silent era and could legitimately lay claim to being a "great actor," she claims, even if there may have been some mischief and "spoofing" of the fledgling academy by those who took part in the 1929 vote.

"His performances sometimes leave you amazed. I mean how would you teach a dog to look suspicious or all of those emotional reactions that Rin Tin Tin had?

"Maybe he had a subtle kind of intelligence that allowed him to understand emotions."

Not all canine acting talent is fit to follow in Rin Tin Tin's mighty pawprints, she argues.

"There are lots of animals in Hollywood who are merely well-trained and are in roles that simply require them to go through a series of actions.

Start Quote

There are plenty of human actors who don't do a whole lot more than follow directions”

End Quote Susan Orlean Author of Rin Tin Tin: The Life and The Legend

"They do it very well and it's the trainer that deserves a lot of credit but they are not acting."

Scene presence

But there are certain special animals - such as the equine stars in current hit War Horse - who have enough "charisma" and "presence" to be considered actors in their own right, says Ms Orlean, author of Rin Tin Tin: The Life and The Legend.

"There are animals who have performed in a way that is dazzling and that really does make you think they understand something beyond their specific training.

"There is a kind of magic. What it is that they think they are doing I don't know."

And she does not believe a wet nose and furry hide should necessarily be a bar to Oscar night recognition: "There are plenty of human actors who don't do a whole lot more than follow directions."

Equine star of War Horse on the red carpet Joey, star of War Horse, on the red carpet

Veteran Hollywood animal trainer Shane Ayon, of Animal Actors International, also claims the best "non-human" performers are capable of bringing something extra to a part.

"Some fancy dogs have prissy walks that they do or they give a head nod, or something like that, or a different face. You have to be on a trainer level to spot that, but we see it all the time."

And unlike human actors they do not "talk back" or have ego "issues". In fact they do not seem to suffer for their art much at all or, in fact, notice it.

"I've invited a few of mine to come in and watch their own show but it's like 'we don't want to be watching that, we want to watch the nature channel'. They do have great personalities."

The Screen Actors Guild and the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences did not respond to requests on the issue of whether the ban on animal Oscars should be lifted.

Start Quote

Imagine if an Alaskan wolf walked on stage - people would gasp”

End Quote Jone Bauman American Humane Association

And Uggie - who appears to crave a snooze on the sofa far more than the acclaim of his industry peers - has also maintained a dignified silence on the subject (unless you count his inevitable Twitter feed).

But Jone Bauman, of the American Humane Association, is not taking the snub lying down, arguing that it is down to Hollywood's fear of being upstaged.

"Imagine if an Alaskan wolf walked on stage - people would gasp. I don't know if I have heard anyone gasp when an actor walks on."

Her organisation, which certifies that "no animals were harmed" in the making of films - the familiar legend from thousands of closing credits - has set up its own acting awards for animals.

And the good news for Uggie, she reveals, is that he is "absolutely in line for a Pawscar this year". It's better than nothing...


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  • rate this

    Comment number 21.

    You should give the animal trainer an award, also I think it would be very good to give money to Animal Rescue Centres. There are alot of them about who are crying out for help. Not only big rescue centres but the smaller ones.

  • rate this

    Comment number 20.

    Animals can't react act as such, they can't convey emotions across but can be taught to follow a set of instructions on cue. But I do think there should be an award for their abilities. An award for best work with an animal or something along those lines. Where both the animal performer and the trainer get the award. It's a hell of a lof of work for the trainers, and should be rewarded for it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 19.

    Brilliant film, outstanding performance by Uggie and the rest of the cast.

  • rate this

    Comment number 18.

    It's a bit silly really. Dogs in films aren't acting, they are just carrying out certain behaviours on command that they have been trained to do. It's lovely to watch but I think awarding oscars is taking things a bit too far. Besides, a dog wouldn't any use for an oscar anyway as it can't eat it!

  • rate this

    Comment number 17.

    Excellent idea, which will no doubt improve the quality of acceptance speeches.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    Personally, i've never been thrilled by films where dogs take a central role. It might appeal to the american mind which, for some reason, finds it very cute. Or perhaps they're just hard-pressed for a proper story line and good and non-superficial dialogue - both of which are extremely rare in american films. So i suppose the dogs come in handy as a distraction. Give it an Oscar for that.

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    and of course human actors aren't "simply social creatures who'll do what they have to do to get on..." pull the other paw.

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    What does Fido care about getting an Oscar? Quite ridiculous. So I suppose Hollywood will adopt the idea in due course.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    If a dog is acting surely it should be included in the best actor/actress nominations. Defining and actor by their species sounds like the worst kind of discrimination to me.

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    I suspect that many animal 'actors' have far more acting ability and indeed are capable of much greater emotional depth than many of the Hollywood luvvies' whose wooden performances are well matched by their manufactured gushing tears when receiving their baubles. Personally I tend to avoid oscar-ridden films as much as Booker endorsed books.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    Animals don't act, they react. However, I have seen amazing trainers on set - they definitely deserve awards for what they manage to get out of their animals on cue.

    Having said that, some of the best shots happen by pure accident. But that goes for proper actors too sometimes.

    I would like to put in a special mention for the dog on Frasier who upstaged everyone!

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    The article goes, 'is it just down to clever training'?, when it comes to dogs. Well, given that actors have the talent to be susceptible to training, as are dogs, i don't see any reason why dogs can't be given Oscars. This just shows up the movie industry for what it really is - a circus act. I personally never thought actors to be worthy of 'celeb' stats. I'd rather give it Mother Theresa.

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    Just no

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    Don't see why they should NOT have some kind of award for supporting or lead animals.
    If they can give out awards for costumes and soundtracks, both of which are very subjective, why not add something to acknowledge other contributions?

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    Perhaps the best route is to have a 'Best Performing Animal' Academy Award (Oscar)...

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    If not an Oscar, how about a Rex?

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    It entirerly depends on how you define requires concious thought, as understood in humanity, and we have no direct evidence dogs have this level of conciousness & plenty that they are simply social creatures who'll do what they have to do to get on this world at afunctional level......

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    Oh my god I cannot believe that there is a serious campaign for an animal to win an oscar for 'acting'. Please tell me this is a joke! (although it's not the 1st of April...)
    I can't stand the anthropomorphosising - animals are not humans, we confer human emotions to them all the time and it;s getting a bit ridiculous.

    Perhaps they could introduce a category for the trainers at most.

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    Oh yes, a yummy EDIBLE Oscar will go down a treat!

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.

    Their acting is probably better than most of the humans.


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