A Point of View: A convert to family history

Celie and Abram in London in 1906

The discovery of a tape recording shed light on a puzzling family photograph which was taken in 1906 - and changed historian Lisa Jardine's views about the genealogy boom.

The campaign to promote more history in the school curriculum has been doing rather well lately. Historians and politicians seem to be agreed that more history will connect us all more closely to our island's past.

Recently, Prof David Cannadine published the results of a two-year research project investigating the place of history teaching in secondary schools, entitled The Right Kind of History.

Cannadine makes a strong case for compulsory history in the curriculum to the age of 16 - long enough for students to absorb the broad range of knowledge of the past always intended when the current syllabus was introduced under Sir Keith Joseph in the 1980s.

Two days later, Secretary of State for Education Michael Gove, addressing a conference on history in education in London, pronounced himself "an unashamed and unapologetic advocate for the central role of history in our curriculum".

As an historian myself, I am all for good history teaching at all levels, as part of an essential understanding of where we have come from and who we are.

But I have recently become converted to a more humble part of the exploration of the past, which is largely conducted beyond the boundaries of the academy.

Family history is an activity that has always had its passionate advocates, and has been stimulated further by the television series Who Do You Think You Are?, in which celebrities are helped by trained historians and archivists to trace their roots.

In recent years The National Archives at Kew has been dealing with increasing numbers of ordinary people looking for records relating to their own lives. Many archives now devote special resources to these users

Find out more

Lisa Jardine
  • A Point of View is on Fridays on Radio 4 at 20:50 BST and repeated Sundays, 08:50 BST
  • Lisa Jardine is is Centenary Professor of Renaissance Studies at Queen Mary,
  • University of London

For several years, my sister Judith has been researching the family history of the Flattos - my father's mother's family - inspired by the boxes of faded family photographs discovered among my parents' possessions, dating from the beginning of the 20th Century, and inscribed with locations ranging from Lodz in Poland to Kyverdale Road in London.

Her attempts to identify and connect the sitters in the photographs has led her deep into genealogy, and obliged her to learn about European history in the early decades of the 20th Century. She has journeyed intrepidly to the ends of the District and Metropolitan Tube lines, to Jewish cemeteries at East Ham, Rainham and Bushey, to read genealogical data off the family gravestones.

I confess that, as a professional historian, I did not always take her efforts seriously - in genealogy, so much depends on guesswork and surmise, so many of the documents defy interpretation. The outcome, I have tended to feel, is bound to be part romance, part sentimentality, the tale of impecunious wanderers, driven from their homes by persecution, then working their way up to respectability in Britain.

In one of our family boxes, for example, is a formal wedding photograph of my grandmother, Celie Flatto, barely in her 20s, with her new husband Abram Bronowski. Taken in 1906, it is stamped with the address of the photographer's studio: 436 Whitechapel Road, London.

But her eldest son, my father, was born in Lodz, Poland, in 1908. He did not arrive in London with his parents and two siblings until 1920. Nothing in the records explains why the couple were in London earlier nor why they had returned to Poland.

Tea and tales

Judith had scoured the census data, and called up all the relevant documents in The National Archives. Although all the other members of the family - her parents and siblings, her husband and children - had been naturalised some time in the 1920s and 30s, there was no naturalisation document for Grandma Celie. The marriage certificate Judith unearthed listed Abram's occupation as "professional singer" - we knew nothing about any singing.

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Ada told the story as if it were yesterday - her mother's panic, the palpable relief when they boarded another train”

End Quote

Then, last summer, Judith telephoned me. She had discovered that two nieces of Grandma Celie were still alive and happy to meet us.

So in early October we went to tea with Ruth and Dorothy, sharp-as-mustard octogenarian daughters of Celie's much-younger sisters, Ada and Mary. Over biscuits and cups of tea they studied Judith's cache of photographs, casually identifying people she would never have been able to match to her family tree. "Oh look, that's me with my mother and Auntie Rose," and "There are my aunts, all dressed up to go out dancing."

I study the period 1500-1800. All those who play a part in the stories I endeavour to reconstruct are long dead. What a thrill, then, to encounter the miracle of oral history - of having a person in front of you who was actually there.

And then, out of the blue, Ruth recalled that 30 years ago, when her mother Ada - born in 1895, so then in her 90s - was living with her, she had sat her down and recorded several hours of reminiscences about her family. Perhaps she might be able to locate the cassette tapes and we might be interested in hearing them?

Train trouble

A week later, she emailed to say that she had located the tapes, and we were welcome to borrow them.

So it was that I was able to listen to four hours of a voice from the past recounting, with absolute clarity and lucidity, events of more than 100 years ago. Daughter Ruth is there too, firmly steering her mother back to the point, whenever she tends to digress - a tour-de-force in gentle interviewing guidance.

The tapes begin with the Flatto family - Ada (our narrator), her mother and three of her siblings, setting off in 1902 on the train from Lodz to join their brother Max in London. Max had left Poland to avoid conscription, and set up in haberdashery in Commercial Street.

The Flatto family in 1902 The Flattos in 1902 (from left): Jack, Dvora, Celie, Ada and Mary

Somewhere in Germany, the seven-year-old Ada needed the toilet. She and her mother got down from the train at the next station. When they returned the train had gone. They waited for hours in the cold until finally the stationmaster put them on a train that took them to rejoin their family. Ada told the story as if it were yesterday - her mother's panic, the palpable relief when they boarded another train.

And here was the story of Celie and Abram, my paternal grandparents. The teenaged Celie had fallen for a handsome young cantor - singer in the synagogue - in Lodz and become engaged against her father's wishes.

The family had hoped that by taking her to London they would prevent the marriage. But Abram followed them, married Celie and, because he had no right to remain in Britain, returned with her to Lodz. Ada remembered visiting them and their new baby as a 13-year-old, with her mother, in 1908, the year my father was born.

We also learned why Celie and Abram had moved, first from Lodz to Plauen in Germany, and then to London.

"Mother found out," recounts Ada, "that Celie and Abram and their baby were struggling. Singing was all that Abram knew - he had a marvellous voice - but they could barely make ends meet."

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Like anyone else who has begun to explore their roots, I am, of course, determined to find out more”

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In London, the Flattos were doing well in the lace and embroidery business. So Ada's mother made up a big bundle of lace and sent it to Celie and Abram to set up in haberdashery in Poland.

Then in 1910, great-grandfather decided to start importing machine lace from Plauen, which had become its centre of production. My grandparents became the German end of the Flattos' import-export business, and there their two younger children were born.

World War I put an end to Anglo-German import-export. On the tapes, Great-Aunt Ada explains that the London family had no communication with my grandparents until the Armistice, by which time Germany was in revolutionary turmoil and my father's family was living in poverty.

My father recalled soldiers in the streets, and in a poem written in the 1930s describes himself as "starving in Sudetenland".

Thus it was that he and his family arrived in London with little more than the clothes they stood up in in 1920. The absence of naturalisation records for Celie is probably explained by the fact that one set of authorities assumed she had been naturalised with her parents, the other that she had been naturalised with her husband and children.

The strong voice of Great-Aunt Ada has completely converted me to family history. She has put together the pieces of the jigsaw puzzle and given me a real sense of inhabiting my own history as British.

We did not wash up on England's shores by chance. In dangerous, prejudiced times, Britain welcomed my family not once but twice as economic migrants.

Like anyone else who has begun to explore their roots, I am, of course, determined to find out more. I will certainly never be disparaging about family history again.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 22.

    I can't understand how anybody could call this article "trivial".

    Or did you all miss this:

    "We did not wash up on England's shores by chance. In dangerous, prejudiced times, Britain welcomed my family not once but twice as economic migrants."

    Trivial? In the current climate of immigrant bashing?

  • rate this

    Comment number 21.

    britains,celts italians along with there auxiliaries,saxons and vikings.they were moulded together on the anvil that is england. the metal it produced as been added to for over a thousand years,if it made our blood richer or weaker is open to one's judgement,having a love of history i find it all fasinating.
    ps. the normans are vikings not french.in my humble opinion of course..

  • Comment number 20.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 19.

    Should history teaching be about the "broad range of knowledge of the past", or about examining evidence, trying to form possible narratives and then testing them against the evidence and coming to conclusions with due recognition of uncertainty? Good family history would seem to do the latter; Baker/Govian history seems more about uncritical fact-stuffing.

  • rate this

    Comment number 18.

    @Hetsgirl if you wanted to praise JC you actually can do that too. write a letter, write an email, write to points of view!

    but the thing is, he was being a d*** so people complaining about him would probably still outweigh people defending him, even if the valiant defenders had realised they can actually use email too!

  • Comment number 17.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 16.

    More trivia to comment on - wonder if any mps/bankers etc will be prosecuted ever? (A: NO).

  • rate this

    Comment number 15.

    I am amazed that somebody has researched their family tree without managing to find a royal connection?

  • rate this

    Comment number 14.

    Re 11, I agree with the positive comments re family history is what I meant to write. Cutting down text to meet the character limit lost the sense of that one.

  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    As to making comments - If the world was quite fair - the 21,000 complaints against clarkson would have been more than matched by supports of his comment had there been an opportunity to do so. So don't everyone assume that we who want an opportunity to speak would have voted with the nayers. (Though not the shooting - bit too strong that!)

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    Alan and Lisa, family history can take many years to solve, sometimes because records are not available other times like in the East European cases because there was a Berlin wall but you cannot say its "inconclusive" I'm delighted to hear a professor is seeing first hand how important family history really is.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    I agree re the comments on family history I am proud of my family history and even as a very young child it gave me something to aspire too. The curriculum and assessment of learning is very topic and content driven perhaps it should be more process driven providing children with a thirst for knowledge, the tools they need to gain new knowledge and an understanding of why learning can be valuable.

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    I'm surprised that people writing here are under-estimating family history as a "tribial" topic when each and everyone of our own history has contributed to what Britain has become today. Not just celebrities as you can see on the BBC Heir Hunter's show. Your family history is of inmense value not only to understand your past but also your DNA plus the talents you have inherited.

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    As a long-term collector of family stories (without time to turn it into genealogy), I think this is a great article excepting "more school history". Yes, promote *better* teaching, but the curriculum is stuffed full already, what will suffer?

    Disagree about HYS on "more important" topics: St. Paul's protests, Legalise drugs, Free schools, Nadine Dorries' antics. I've contributed to HYS on each.

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    "As the daughter of Jacob Bronowski, author of "The Accent of Man"
    I guess she knows more about the world than you or I will ever know."

    Strange guess presuming much about heredity and about the lives and knowledge of others.

    Iinteresting book title as well: Accent of Man -> Ascent of Man? or Did Bronowski have an interest in local linguistics I do not know about?

  • rate this

    Comment number 7.

    I kind of agree with Lisa. Family history research is good, but often inconclusive.

    1. boodnock
    >>....denied a say on.. more topical issues..opinion shown on Jeremy Clarksons Interview for example

    Because HYS is plainly VERY under-resourced at weekends, and generally.

    So, they HYS non controversial subjects to minimise the workload. HYSing Jeremy 'Pratt' Clarkson would be a lot of work!

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    Agree with other comments made noting we need to be able to comment on more important issues, although happy this historian has changed her views. Re: history in schools, there needs to be more effort to make the chldren feel personally involved with, linked to and connected with the past if you want them to be genuinely interested in it and the current exam specifications make this difficult.

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    "Being so dismissive of things they know nothing about is just so typical of university prof types. A sad example of someone who doesn't know what they don't know and thus thinks they know everything."
    As the daughter of Jacob Bronowski, author of "The Accent of Man"
    I guess she knows more about the world than you or I will ever know.

    Re. Clarkson,too much Beeb bashing has taken place already.

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    @3.templebar & 1.
    boodnock - they've already had some 21,000 complaints over Mr Clarkson.

    Opening up a HYS on him would result in a great challenge, not least of all because a lot of the comments would be against him and the BBC, and they can't have that now.

    But I do agree with you, the articles we are given to comment on aren't always the most pressing issues that could be discussed.

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    So what? Interesting enough but as someone else has said, better if we were allowed to comment on things of importance


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