Metal theft: Britain's most annoying crime wave

A church, wire and a rail track

A train operator wants the law changed to tackle the rise in metal thefts. But what are the serious and sometimes strange consequences of this crime wave?

One copper cable theft from a railway line. The result? A total of 108 trains delayed, 17 hours worth of hold-ups for thousands of passengers and damage put at over £80,000. Plus, probably, £50 for the thieves.

And these are the consequences of just one of three thefts in West Yorkshire on the East Coast Main Line in a single night last month.

Network Rail, which is responsible for the UK's rail infrastructure, says the situation is getting worse. On average there are currently six thefts a day across the country.

The past year has seen a huge jump in metal thefts, with a rise in the price of metals such as copper and lead being blamed. The rise is being driven by global demand prompted by China and other booming economies.

This week train operator Nexus, which runs the Metro system in Tyne and Wear, has called for new regulation of scrapyards to stop the crime wave.

The plague of metal theft is having an impact on most people, not just rail companies.

Train delays

Next time your train is delayed or cancelled due to "signalling problems" there's a good chance it will be the fault of metal thieves.

Map of cable thefts on train lines

Power and signalling cables, overhead line equipment, even the clips used to hold rails in place are all being stolen on a daily basis.

The consequence for rail users was a staggering 6,088 hours of delays last year, says Network Rail. It saw a 52% leap in the number of thefts from April 2010 to April this year, in total 995 incidents. It paid out £16.5m in repairs and compensation as a result.

Even if a single inch of cable is taken it can translate into long delays, says a spokeswoman for Network Rail. Some cables have up to 48 tiny copper strands in them that all need to be reconnected at both ends and tested before things can get moving again.

"We have dedicated response teams but it's not a quick job," she says.

British Transport Police say the thefts can vary greatly in size but are mostly petty - the "cottage industry end".

"But the number of thefts is huge," says a spokesman. "It is our biggest crime problem in terms of frequency and our biggest challenge after counter-terrorism.

"There are actually very small rewards in it for the thieves, but it's the instant cash that attracts them."

Fibreglass statues

Public artworks are increasingly being remade of fibreglass as a result of metal thefts. Not only is stolen work being replaced this way, in some cases public art is being taken into secure storage for safety and replaced with a fibreglass copy.

Sir Peter Blake with his artwork in Blackpool Sir Peter Blake created the artwork in 2004

"It's a solution to an extremely depressing situation," says Peter Brown, chairman of the Public Monuments and Sculpture Association (PSMA). "What thieves don't seem to understand is how little metal there usually is in artworks and statues. They will make hardly any money from them. With the cost and effort of stealing them, you wonder why they bother."

But in some cases it is impossible to make replicas because the statues are too old and no original plans exist.

Blackpool Council has been forced to remove public artwork to safeguard it following two major thefts in July and August. Three of four lead-based figures were taken from a park where they had stood since 1926.

Two weeks later a section of one of two statues designed by Sir Peter Blake was stolen from the promenade. The remaining artworks are now in secure storage. The council says they will all be replaced with replicas.

"It's devastating," says Elaine Smith, chairwoman of the Blackpool Civic Trust. "These statues are part of Blackpool's heritage. To us they are priceless and these thieves will get a few pounds in cash for them."

It's not only artwork that is being changed. Surrey County Council now replaces missing road signs with plastic ones.

Gas explosions and power cuts

Power supply companies were the victim of around 6,000 metal thefts in 2010, equating to a 100% annual increase, according to industry figures.

Deaths and injuries in 2011

Electricity pylon
  • A 16-year-old boy electrocuted while trying to steal copper cable at disused Leeds power station in July
  • James Sorby, 22, suffers horrendous injuries after being hit by 22,000 volts while stealing cable from an electricity sub-station in June

One problem is that copper piping is often used to connect gas mains to gas meters in UK homes. In July a theft of copper pipes was linked to a gas explosion that wrecked a row of houses in Castleford, West Yorkshire. About 30 people had to be evacuated in the early hours of the morning.

"It's an increasing problem," says Tim Field from the Energy Network Association (ENA), the industry body for companies that carry electricity and gas to UK homes and businesses. "Thieves are taking small lengths of copper pipe that will make them a few pounds and leaving leaking gas that could cost people their lives."

Some of the pipes are on the outside of properties making them an easy target, but thieves dressed as workmen have even tricked their way into houses to strip them out.

Overhead cables and sub-stations are also targeted. Last month thieves in Wisbech, Cambridgeshire, caused an explosion which cut power to 1,700 homes. The Red Cross had to be called in to care for vulnerable residents.

"These power cuts not only cause chaos in homes, they hit hospitals and schools. It could even impact on 999 services," says Field.

Scrap dealers

The metal recycling industry in the UK is a lucrative business worth £5bn annually, but thefts are hitting it hard too. Over 15,000 tonnes of metal is stolen in the UK each year. Over half is taken from scrap dealers themselves, says Ian Hetherington, director general of the British Metals Recycling Association (BMRA).

"In one case recently thieves stole a train with two trucks full of scrap metal attached. They drove it down the line and offloaded the metal into lorries. Scrap dealers are spending a fortune on security, but the thieves are very resourceful.

"Like everyone else we have seen a progressive rise in thefts since 2006, but now the recession is really taking its toll.

"We are seeing lot more smaller thefts, people who will jump over the fence, take some metal and then walk round to the front gate and try and sell it back to you."

The unexpected

Councils have reported streets being stripped of drain covers and supermarkets have lost hundreds of shopping trolleys in a matter of days. Letterboxes, charity clothing banks and door handles have also been taken.

Odd thefts and consequences

  • Woman cuts off web access to whole of Armenia while scavenging for copper
  • Napton in Warwickshire lost telephone and internet services for nearly a week
  • Four metal goalposts stolen in Horley, Surrey
  • Instruments worth £15,000 taken from a town band in Pontarddulais in Wales
  • Shop letterboxes and door handles in Durham
  • A children's slide taken from a playground in Kent

And it seems nothing is off limits. Police have had reports of wheelchair ramps being stolen and children's playgrounds being stripped. Blackpool's model village, a popular tourist attraction, was even targeted.

"The small lead roof tiles on the miniature houses were stolen. The metal thieves are taking everything, I've never known anything like it," says Smith, from the Blackpool Civic Trust.

A quarter of Hertfordshire lost its broadband connection last year because of telecoms cable theft.

Lambeth Council in London has been forced to close a library after it was flooded in heavy rain because thieves stole the copper roof. The lead in the lettering on gravestones and memorials at a local cemetery have also been taken.

"It's appalling that thieves should target public buildings like libraries," says councillor Florence Nosegbe, a cabinet member for culture on Lambeth Council.

"But it's one thing to steal the copper from the roof of the library, it's another to damage memorials of loved ones by ripping out the lead lettering at the crematorium. This was a truly shocking and heartless act, for what would be only a few kilos of scrap metal."


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  • rate this

    Comment number 95.

    As with most crimes, the punishment for those who are caught is not a deterrent that will stop them from reoffending, personally, I'd just attach the stolen metal to the convicted thief and throw them in the sea.

  • rate this

    Comment number 94.

    Theft of live cables from substations ...

    Darwinian selection in action?

  • rate this

    Comment number 93.

    Someone said that all scrap transactions should be paid for by cheque.

    What a good idea! Already, across the land, when builders say "That'll be £XXXX, but 10% off for cash", the public say "No, that won't help you with doing your VAT returns. I'll pay you the full amount by cheque, in case you forget the job was done". No one wants to risk being dishonest like the politicians do they?

  • rate this

    Comment number 92.

    #83 - Then sentences that address the severity of the effects of the crime.

    By that token, bankers should be going to jail for thousands of counts of manslaughter, most company CEOs for similar, and anyone that has a car crash on the motorway should be compensating everyone that gets delayed.

    Nothing more than cynical targeting of the less well-off/certain groups.

  • rate this

    Comment number 91.

    It would be nice if these people collected up the discarded tin cans and other metal rubbish instead stealing useful equipment. Perhaps that would be too much like doing some work.

    These thieves should be given prison sentences that reflect the disruption & associated cost that their actions cause.

  • rate this

    Comment number 90.

    Hi, United dreamer, # 78,
    Personalities aside, I can honestly say that I am not in the habit of defaming the yooman rites act. It has a nobel aim. However, and I challenge you to challenge me, for every story you can find of the oppressed being liberated by the act, I will find you 100 where common sense has taken a flying leap out m'lud's chamber windows.

  • rate this

    Comment number 89.

    if some body went into a scrapyard to sell road drain covers how could he possibly have got them legally the scrap yard should be shut down if found with this sort of thing,and who does the scrapyard sell to.

  • rate this

    Comment number 88.

    This needs to stop and I would like to propose the following. A change in law so that any one caught and convicted of stealing a war memorial is not sent to jail but conscripted to the Army for their sentence, to be used as their commanding officer sees fit. (if they are non UK citizens then immediate deportation with no rights to appeal)

  • Comment number 87.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • Comment number 86.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 85.

    I'm surprised that it has taken British thieves so long to stumble onto the fact that there is a demand for metals and an easily obtainable supply. I spent a number of years in South Africa, where the "use a lorry to pull out the entire multi-core cable supplying power or phones to a whole suburb" method has been common for 20+ years. Maybe British thieves being backwards is not such a bad thing.

  • rate this

    Comment number 84.

    @Andy James , yeh they spoke in a yorkshire accent

  • rate this

    Comment number 83.

    There should definitely be an organised task force to deal with the problem, targeting the scrap-merchants to interrupt the supply chain. Then sentences that address the severity of the effects of the crime, rather than the value of the proceeds.

  • rate this

    Comment number 82.

    Bit of a joke really I've even seen scrap metal people trade in road signs to the metal merchants.. where's the government/police laws and regulation to stop these metal recyclers handling stolen goods?

  • rate this

    Comment number 81.

    @nick burk

    You never hear of water companies or Telecom companies suffering such catastrophic outages over a meter of cable. Try actually reading the article and quite frankly compare a huge control network control system to a phone company or gas company is plain stupid, its far more complex than you could imagine. One cable gets damaged and you could be looking at a fatal crash!

  • rate this

    Comment number 80.

    Living in rural england and every month the village newsletter has a reminder to lock your sheds and garages because there has been another theft of metal. Interestingly this is a phenomenon that only began with the foundation of the local Minety traveller site - coincidence? Also, manhole covers have been disappearing from the Great Western Way in Swindon which is a 50mph dual carriageway! Crazy.

  • rate this

    Comment number 79.

    Another symptom of the me first society. These moronic scum who don't care how many people they affect should be sentenced based on the cost of the disruption they cause, not on the value of the material they take. Maybe, just maybe, the prospect of being sentenced for theft of several hundred thousand pounds might just make them think twice.

  • rate this

    Comment number 78.

    "8. John McCormick
    And if you try to lock them up for a deserved amount of time, when you know full well it's their millionth offence, listen to the yooman rites brigade.
    We should all be made to read Gibbon's Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. We just do not learn."

    Why is there always some berk making every news story a point about human rights?

  • rate this

    Comment number 77.

    Hello, Mr. Sanders #44. Sorry for your misfortune, but I coudn't resist this....
    Would the lack of police resources be down to "copper thefts"?

    Sorry, sorry, ahem. I couldn't help it....

  • rate this

    Comment number 76.

    As a daily train user, I appreciate that the cost of a cable theft to this already failing economy is staggering compared to the scrap value of the cable itself.

    Personally, I would make the punishment for cable theft to be tied to the front of the train they delayed with the cable they stole :-)


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