In Pictures

Stars of the silver screen all at sea

Mauretania tendering at Plymouth. Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard

The sight of photographers crowding around a newly docked ocean liner was nothing new at the turn of the 20th Century. Disembarking celebrities could be photographed jostling for space alongside fellow passengers.

However, the Cunard cruise line was the first to introduce on-board photographers in the 1920s. The ships' photographers would take snapshots of the passengers, creating prints in the darkroom that were then displayed on long tables the next morning. Travellers were able to put their orders in, and the photographs were then printed in Southampton and posted around the world.

By 1936, when Cunard's flagship the Queen Mary was launched, the firm employed a fleet of photographers working all night to supply demand.

With access to the archives, photographer Ian Wright has edited down a selection of images of famous faces who travelled across the oceans.

Mrs Rudolph Valentino on the Aquitania in early 1920s Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption Mrs Rudolph Valentino on the Aquitania in early 1920s

Actor Rudolph Valentino and his costume designer wife Natacha Rambova were regular passengers on the trans-Atlantic routes, and were often seen on deck exercising their dogs and participating in on-board dog shows.

Rambova stands aboard the RMS Aquitania, a ship that was repurposed as a troop transport and hospital ship during both World Wars.

After the first conflict, it was returned to passenger service in the 1920s when this image was taken.

Another celebrity couple who crossed on the Aquitania were actors Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford, seen here on their honeymoon.

Fairbanks and Pickford on the Aquitania in 1920 on their honeymoon to Europe Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Count Tolstoy stands on board the deck Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption Count Tolstoy stands on board the RMS Lusitania. The ocean liner was later famously torpedoed by a German U-Boat at the beginning of World War One
Portrait of Gloria Swanson on board Aquitania in 1925 Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption As she arrives in America from France on 18 April 1925, actor Gloria Swanson smiles at photographers. However, she had been gravely ill in Paris during the preceding months, following an abortion that had gone badly.
Photographer Bill Probst takes an image of Marlene Dietrich Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption Marlene Dietrich, the star of The Blue Angel, is captured leaning against the ship's railings by photographer Bill Probst
Queen Mary berthed in New York Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption The gem of the Cunard line, the Queen Mary, is seen berthed in New York in 1938, two years after its maiden voyage.
Fred and Adele Astaire bound for London 1922 Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption Showbiz siblings Fred and Adele Astaire dance around on deck as they make their way to London in 1922.
Tom Mix & family on Aquitania 1925 Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption Western star Tom Mix is accompanied by his wife Victoria Forde and child on board the Aquitania.
Consul Peter, a chimpanzee, tries a cigar Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption A notorious performing chimpanzee in the Parisian music halls, Consul Peter makes his way to perform in New York.
Ernest Schelling US pianist, composer & conductor at on board dog show Image copyright Bain Collection Library of Congress & Cunard
Image caption Accompanied by his dog, US pianist and composer Ernest Shelling sits for a portrait taken around 1915.

All photographs courtesy George Grantham Bain Collection Library of Congress and Cunard Archives.

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