Babel, the urge to pray by Viviana Peretti

 
Redeemer Christian Church, a Jehovah's Witness Temple in Brooklyn, New York

Viviana Peretti considers herself a street photographer, yet her latest work, Babel, the urge to pray, takes this one stage further.

Before Peretti came to New York she expected to find a secular and consumer-driven city. "I was really surprised by the rich, diverse, intense religious life present in each neighbourhood and the complex and sometimes complicated implications these different belief systems have for how people live their lives. The number of temples is overwhelming, but so is the media's indifference to this aspect of the city, as is their consistent tendency to sell the world the most glamour-focused, profane vision of New York."

These encounters with different religious groups and the lack of representation of spiritual life in the media began to form in to an idea which has developed in to this ongoing series.

"Maybe because it is assumed that religion is not a topic that appeals to the public, or because it is not an easy subject to 'sell'? Maybe because, at this moment of global religious tensions and confrontations, the relative religious tolerance (or indifference) found in New York City is not considered news. But I think these stories, and how they coexist together, are important and worth exploring."

Babel, the urge to pray focuses on different religions in New York, some practiced by various immigrant communities and others where the majority of the faithful are Americans.

The Old Broadway Synagogue in Harlem The Old Broadway Synagogue, an Orthodox congregation in Harlem, has held services in the same location since 1923

"In the immigrant communities that I began photographing in 2010 - Hasidic Jews, Jehovah's Witnesses, Muslims, Haitian Vodouists, Hare Krishna, Roman Catholics and Greek Orthodox - spirituality represents an element of unity for people that, whether they migrated here fairly recently or many generations ago, still belong to very separate social, linguistic and religious groups.

"New York City is not just a multi ethnic, dynamic, composite metropolis but also a 'Babel' full of enclaves, mainly faith based. For many people in New York, religion represents a source of community and intimacy with their fellows and at the same time an element of separation from the rest of the world that doesn't share their beliefs."

Following research Peretti began to photograph in black and white as Peretti feels that New York is better without the distraction of the colour which makes it look so glamorous and fake, something she describes as the set of a movie devoid of reality.

Williamsburg in Brooklyn, New York

"I see New York as a black and white city with its skyscrapers and its people rushing alone between the concrete and pavement of its long, congested avenues. I also find that in the case of this project shooting in black and white helps to give the idea of timeless traditions and beliefs. Finally, I love the grain and tonalities that film has versus the digital files."

The majority of the communities are captured from within, many taking months to complete, though not all, some are over in a couple of days.

Peretti estimates that she has at least a year to go on the project with aims to turn it in to a book and multimedia piece, seeing the addition of text and audio she has collected from the locations as being a way to increase engagement and understanding.

She sees the work as the start of a conversation. "A photograph for me is always a kind of provocation: I hope to create an emotional or rational reaction in the viewer... photographs that leave us indifferent are meaningless."

Here are a few frames from the series with comments by Peretti.

Murid Islamic Community of America is an Islamic non profit organization founded in 1989 and located in Harlem, New York. The Murid Islamic Community of America is located in Harlem and meets at least once a week in a brownstone building not big enough to accommodate everyone
Inside Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Many Italians have left the neighbourhood but still consider Our Lady of Mount Carmel their parish and every Sunday travel to Belmont to attend mass in Italian. Today the benches are full of Mexican immigrants that attend mass in Spanish and have revitalised the parish bringing their own religious figures and merging them with the Roman Catholic ones.
A man prays Jummah is a congregational prayer that Muslims hold every Friday around noontime
The Zen Center of New York City The Zen Center of New York City is one of the few residential Buddhist training centres in the city and represents the metropolitan branch of the Mountains and Rivers Order
Saint Demetrios Cathedral Built in 1927 and located in Queens, Saint Demetrios Cathedral serves one of the country's largest and strongest Hellenic-American communities
Govinda Hare Krishna Temple During a celebration at the Govinda Hare Krishna Temple one of the participant told Viviana, "Our religion is simple. It is about three things: chanting and dancing, food and philosophy. Other religions are too serious, I need colour and joy in my life."
A Mormon service in sign language At the Union Square Second Branch Mormon services and doctrinal lessons are in sign language
A Haitian woman during a vodou ceremony in New York People have many prejudices about Vodou but Peretti found a community deeply tied to its country, ancestors and beliefs. Each celebration is a time for unity and fraternity among Haitians trying to make contact not only with the spirits, but also between themselves, here and now.

You can see more of Viviana Peretti's series Babel, the Urge to Pray on her website and keep up with developments via her blog.

 
Phil Coomes, Picture editor Article written by Phil Coomes Phil Coomes Picture editor

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  • rate this
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    Comment number 98.

    @18Stu N.

    "motivated by their religion to do good when they otherwise wouldn't consider it"

    Doesn't say a lot for these people that they have to be motivated by religion in order to do good!

  • rate this
    -1

    Comment number 97.

    @ 90 Corey, the point about the religious right is true. The mix between religion and nationalism is often repeated and invariably harmful. National Socialism was certainly supported by many Christians who encouraged just this mixture and saw it as their Christian duty to do so. I do wonder however sections of Ericksen you could point me towards that indicate Hitler himself was a Christian

  • rate this
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    Comment number 96.

    23:St. Martin of Tours who opposed the execution was canonized. Berengarius of Tours was brought up 5 times on the same heresy and was never tortured, much less killed. He denied what he believed and then went back to preaching it again, and eventually died a faithful Catholic. In the 12th or 13th century, I forget which, the Church & Empire agreed that heretics were to be turned over to the state

  • rate this
    +2

    Comment number 95.

    Why is anybody talking about Hitlers religion, I cant think of anything significant he did that could remotely be described as religious. The man was a raving nutter

  • rate this
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    Comment number 94.

    17:David H:Unless you include atheism as a religion, you are talking hundreds of thousands over 40 centuries. You only get into the hundreds of millions in the 20th century by adding up Hitler, Stalin, Mao, and Pol Pot. Most earlier wars were over territory, not God.

    23:Weare Just Universaldust:Priscillian was the 1st person executed by Christians for his faith (385). cont.

 

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