5 January 2012
Last updated at 17:14
One of the world's outstanding photojournalists, Eve Arnold has died at the age of 99. Born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1912, Arnold was the first woman member of the famous photographic co-operative, Magnum.
Arnold photographed some of the great movie stars of a generation, including Paul Newman, Joan Crawford and Elizabeth Taylor. She also photographed Marilyn Monroe, with whom she had a close friendship for 10 years.
A sharp social critic of McCarthyism, apartheid, poverty and a mirror of glamour, Eve Arnold photographed historical events and Hollywood stars.
Her passion for photography began with the present of a camera. She had worked as a photography supervisor at a mass film processing plant in New York and then decided that she wanted to become a professional photographer.
Attracted by the already legendary names of Henri Cartier-Bresson and Robert Capa she applied to the Magnum collective to see if they would have her - they accepted.
She then travelled the world in search of arresting pictures, living with hippy communes and with the black power movement, taking pictures of a number of prominent figures, including Malcolm X in 1961
In 1969 Arnold was to spend an important period of her life documenting the ruling family and life in the Arab States, which was to be published in 1971 under the title Behind The Veil.
During the 1970s she completed a landmark project in China, becoming one of the first westerners to be granted a rare visa after America and China established diplomatic relations.
Arnold moved to London in 1962 where she continued to live and work. In 2003 she became an OBE in recognition for her services to photography.