28 July 2011
Last updated at 01:09
It's been a year since Pakistan was hit by the worst floods in its history. At least 18 million people were affected, from Swat in the north to Sindh in the south. Across the country there was massive infrastructure damage and individuals struggled simply to find food. Pakistani photographer Asim Hafeez visited Sindh province and met some of the people still living in the shadow of the disaster.
12-year-old Nazima's mother died from diarrhoea and kidney problems as a result of drinking contaminated water after the disaster. Nazima continues to live in a temporary shelter provided by aid agencies, taking care of her three brothers in Dinho Malah Faqeer Goth village.
In preparation for this year’s monsoon season, a labourer repairs a portion of the river bank in Gul Hasan Shaikh village, in Thatta, where the charity WaterAid has been working to ensure access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene in flood-affected communities.
Maryam Ishaque is now able to give her one-year-old son Arbab Ali clean water. He was born during the flood and along with his mother suffered repeated illness after polluted flood waters engulfed their village. "We got shifted on the embankment where I gave birth. It was a very hard time for me. We were under the open sky. I spent 7,000 rupees ($80; £50) on my treatment. We had no money at that time, so my husband had to borrow."
Bheem Jee, 42, teaches at the government primary school in Gul Hasan Shaikh which now has bio-sand water filters and permanent toilet facilities. "The school building was submerged to the top by flood water. Furniture was floating outside. The building got damaged and we had no clean drinking water. Now we have facilities I hope we will be saved from water-borne diseases."
Health worker Asia Manzoor teaches essential hygiene lessons to children, such as nail cutting and hand washing with soap.
Pupils drink clean water from the new hand pump installed at the mosque in Jewan Wala village in Punjab province.
One year on from a crisis that destroyed much of Pakistan's infrastructure, many families continue to need support to rebuild their lives. The UN has reported that up to five million people in Pakistan will be at risk from further flooding during this year’s monsoon. All photos WaterAid/Asim Hafeez