Fines for free formula milk
2 November 2013 Last updated at 00:05 GMT
Research shows that breastfeeding is nearly always best for the health of both babies and their mothers.
But in Venezuela breastfeeding rates are relatively low: less than 30% of infants under 6 months are exclusively breastfed, compared to an international average of nearly 40%.
The government want to encourage more women to breastfeed, and have proposed fining companies who give away formula milk for free in health centres.
The new proposals have provoked strong reactions, as Irene Caselli reports from Caracas.