Britons 'kissed through swine flu'

Man sneezing The survey compared behaviour during the pandemic in Britain, Argentina, Japan, Mexico and the US

Do you remember the "sneezing man in a lift" public health advert? Released during the swine flu pandemic it was aimed at promoting the "Catch it, Bin it, Kill it" message.

But a survey published in the Lancet Infectious Diseases medical journal suggests that people in Britain were far less likely to adopt simple protective measures during the H1N1 pandemic in 2009 than those in Argentina, Japan, Mexico and the US.


Researchers at Harvard School of Public Health in Boston questioned nearly 5,000 people. Just 25% of British people surveyed said they more frequently coughed or sneezed into their elbow or shoulder during the pandemic compared with 82% in Mexico and 84% in Argentina. Some 53% of Britons said they washed their hands or used hand sanitizer more frequently, compared with 89% in Argentina, and 72% in Japan and the US.

Just 2% of Britons said they avoided hugging or kissing family or friends compared with 46% of those questioned in Mexico and 21% in the US.

One of the study's authors, Dr Gillian SteelFisher said: "The wide variations between countries in our study shows that in the event of another serious outbreak of infectious disease, public perceptions have to be taken into account to best tailor and communicate policy approaches that need public support in each country."

The study did not set out to find out which of the nations was the most hygienic but rather to see whether increased handwashing and social distancing reduced H1N1 vaccination uptake. It did not, although overall vaccine rates were low in all the countries.

Studies like this clearly have limitations. These were telephone interviews with the respondents self-reporting their behaviour. Furthermore, the questions were posed several months after the end of the pandemic so recall may have been shaky.

But if the results are accurate the obvious next question is why Britons were less likely to adopt protective behaviour than other countries? There the survey doesn't help.

Mexico was hit first by swine flu and there was a great deal of initial fear and uncertainty about potential danger from the virus. So it understandable that people there took social distancing measures and personal protective behaviour more seriously than in Britain.

The supposed differences in behaviour between the US and UK are less easy to explain. It would have been helpful to have another European country to compare with the UK.

Alison Holmes, Prof of Infectious Diseases, Imperial College London told me: "This research is a good starting point but it begs the question, what next? It is vital that we reflect on how best to communicate public health messages. We need to be more scientific and understand how people make sense of recommendations."

That applies to the media as much as to the government and medical profession. I did many reports stressing the importance of basic hand hygiene - perhaps journalists need to re-think the way they present such information.

You may be asking why all this matters at all, given that the vast majority who got swine flu experienced a mild illness? It matters because there are plenty of other bugs out there that will happily hitch a ride on our skin and up our nostrils.

World record attempt

Despite all the limitations of the survey it does seem to suggest that not enough of us take hand hygiene and the health of the wider community seriously. There was a huge response to a blog I did last year about research at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. It suggested that one in six mobile phones is contaminated with faecal matter.

Handwashing is not a very exciting or hi-tech public health measure. It does not grab the headlines like a new wonder drug. Nonetheless it is one of the most effective means of reducing the spread of viral infections like influenza, rotavirus and norovirus, and bacterial infections that cause diarrhoeal disease. In the developing world more children die from diarrhoeal disease than HIV/Aids, malaria and measles combined.

Good and bad hygiene habits start young. That's why Global Handwashing Day on October 15th will see schools across the UK attempting the break the world record for the largest simultaneous hand hygiene lesson.

Fergus Walsh Article written by Fergus Walsh Fergus Walsh Medical correspondent

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  • rate this

    Comment number 13.

    I'll never stop kissing and hugging my family, no matter what disease or ailment they have. Our house is 'cuddle central' and if my babies are poorly, theres nothing better than a mum hug :-)

  • rate this

    Comment number 12.

    It is a small irresponsible minority who will be the death of the rest in a genuine killer pandemic.

  • rate this

    Comment number 11.

    Depends who you are kissing.
    Some people are worth the risk. Some aren't.

  • rate this

    Comment number 10.

    Hardly relevant stats without a base line. Given the south american propensity to kiss and hug in the first place doing it less than before it dose not follow that they did it less anyway. I don't ever hug or kiss anyone except my wife so how I could do it less I don't know. Given the over reaction in the far east, masks at all times, perhaps our lower increase in hygean was more appropriate.

  • rate this

    Comment number 9.

    It seems quite likely to me that kissing increases your resistance to disease, long-term. That way, you come into contact with a wide variety of microbes and develop resistance to them

    So, unless there is an immediate high threat of fatal disease via water droplet etc I will continue kissing.

    A snog a day keeps the doctor away!!

  • rate this

    Comment number 8.

    And yet the disease didn't take A hold in this country. Ad nor did SARS, bird flu or any of the other public health outbreaks. People can be obsessed with hygiene and paranoid that any germs will kill them. The human body's a pretty amazingly resilient piece of kit: give it some credit!

  • Comment number 7.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 6.

    I was with the Canadian Forces in 2009, was ordered to get the H1N1 shot (AREPANRIX by GSK GlaxoSmithKline) and had an adverse reaction to the vaccine. I received PERMANENT neurological, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and respiratory symptoms: dizziness, vertigo, irregular heart rhythms, shortness of breath, muscle weakness and pain, and numbness in hands and feet.

  • rate this

    Comment number 5.

    The comment in article noting that we don't have another European country to compare those stats to is worth noting. Considering we were far less affected by swine flu than the americas helps to explain the statistics somewhat too. And re the US I agree entirely with comments 3&4, who note the rĂ´le that pharmaceutical companies play in advertising.

  • rate this

    Comment number 4.

    A lot of Americans were genuinely afraid and talked about it online

    Pharmaceutical propaganda is rife in the USA and some of the big networks are highly reliant on big pharmas huge advertising budgets

    If people were genuinely afraid of inhaling airborne bugs no-one would ever set foot on a jet plane

  • rate this

    Comment number 3.

    Swine flu was just a way for pharmaceutical companies to con the government into spending millions on vaccines that would never be needed. The public weren't stupid enough to think it was a pandemic that would wipe out mankind. Only our politicians were that stupid.

  • rate this

    Comment number 2.

    While, on the one hand, I hope this shows the public were far more pragmatic about Swine Flu than our politicians; on the other, I'm hardly surprised. The disgusting habit of public spitting is common place and it seems nobody carries a handkerchief or tissue.

  • rate this

    Comment number 1.


    Be afraid... be verry verry afraid

    My parents and/or grandparents survived scarlet fever, tuberculosis, tetanus, diptheria, measles, mumps, typhoid, spanish flu, world war 1 world war 2, the great depression, no antibiotics, cholera, malaria, flying bombers from 1939 to 1945(now THAT's risky), and eventually succumbed to smoking related lung cancer

    Am I afraid of swine flu?

    Not really


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