22 July 2011
Last updated at 08:40
Realist painter Lucian Freud, one of Britain's most distinguished and highly regarded artists, has died aged 88. His career as an artist spanned almost 50 years. He is particularly known for his paintings of nudes.
Freud was a member of the Order of Merit, one of Britain's most prestigious chivalry honours presented to individuals by the Queen for great achievement in the fields of the arts, learning, literature and science.
Freud, grandson of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, was born in Berlin in 1922. His Jewish family was forced to flee the city in 1933 and he became a British citizen in 1939.
Woman Smiling is a painting of Freud's ex-wife, Suzy Boyt. The work, which was painted in 1958 and 1959, pioneered the use of "thick, expressionist brush-strokes" for which Freud is best-known, auction house Christie's said.
A 1944 drawing depicts Billy Lumley, a young boy who lived close to Freud at the time and tried to break into his London flat in Paddington. The artist then persuaded him to sit for the portrait.
A 1992 portrait of Freud's friend Bruce Bernard fetched £7.86m at an auction in 2007. At the time, the work set a world auction record for any living European artist.
Freud decided to capture a nude and pregnant Kate Moss after reading in a magazine that it was the model's ambition to sit for the him.
Jerry Hall was another model he painted when pregnant. Eight Months Gone sold for £601,250, twice its estimate at a sale last year. The star said she was asked to pose for Freud after meeting the artist at a party. She posed for him three times, until she went into labour.
Self-Portrait With A Black Eye went for £2,841,250 at Sotheby's in London in February last year. The work shows the artist with a swollen eye following a brawl with a taxi driver. Sotheby's said the rediscovered 1978 work was his "most important self-depiction ever to appear at auction".
Nicholas Serota, director of the Tate gallery, paid tribute to the artist saying the "vitality of [Freud's] nudes, the intensity of the still life paintings and the presence of his portraits of family and friends guarantee Lucian Freud a unique place in the pantheon of late 20th Century art".
Freud 's 1995 piece Benefits Supervisor Sleeping set the world record price for a living artist when it sold for $33.6m (£21m) in New York in 2008.