Free nursery places for 140,000 disadvantaged toddlers

Children at nursery Toddlers can go to a variety of nursery settings

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As many as 140,000 disadvantaged two-year-olds could have free nursery or childcare places under a scheme planned to be rolled out in England.

Plans to give 15 hours of free "early education" a week to all two-year-olds from poor homes were announced last year but details have now been set out.

A pilot scheme, first started under Labour, is due to be extended nationwide from September 2013.

Children's charities have welcomed the news but say more investment is needed.

At the moment, all three and four-year-olds are currently entitled to 15 hours of early education for 38 weeks a year.

This can be in nursery schools and classes, children's centres, day care nurseries, play groups, pre-schools and with accredited child minders.

Under the new plan, which is out for consultation, parents will be able to use their allocated time flexibly, between 07:00 and 19:00.

So for example, they could have seven-hour slots for two days a week, to make it easier for them to work.

'Balance work and home'

Ministers say access to early education improves the life chances of poor children by helping them develop and get ready for school.

Disadvantaged children are far less likely than others to do well in education.

Under the pilot, 20,000 two-year-olds received the free provision in a year.

Start Quote

It's crucial for their healthy development and means they're not falling behind before they have even started primary school ”

End Quote Sarah Teather Children's Minister

Extending it to all two-year-olds in low income families would mean 140,000 stood to benefit every year, the government said.

Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg said: "I want us to give every child the best possible start - so free education for toddlers from the most disadvantaged homes will now be a right and not a privilege.

"Crucially the extra care will be flexible and easy to access. Parents across the country are bending over backwards to balance work and home. The coalition wants to help in whatever way we can."

Families where children would qualify for free school meals are those who would be entitled to the free care.

The Children's Minister Sarah Teather said: "Our priority is to increase social mobility by helping children from the poorest backgrounds in their earliest years.

"High quality early education is the key to making a difference early on in a child's life. It's crucial for their healthy development and means they're not falling behind before they have even started primary school."

Spending cuts

The charity Save the Children welcomed confirmation of the nursery places, but warned that spending cuts could damage the government's ability to improve children's lives and social mobility.

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We need investment in this area if the government is going to deliver on its promises on social mobility”

End Quote Chris Wellings Save the Children

Head of policy, Chris Wellings, said: "We welcome the places for deprived two-year-olds. A lot of evidence shows that high-quality education can give disadvantaged children a better early start.

"We also welcome pilot schemes which are giving individual support to parents to help them improve their home learning environment.

"But we are concerned that the government is also cutting money for early years. Early years and youth services will be cut by 20% in this Parliament. We need investment in this area if the government is going to deliver on its promises on social mobility."

The government has also published a breakdown of how many two-year-olds would qualify in different parts of England.

More than 20,000 would be eligible in London and a similar number in the north-west of England.

Nearly 17,000 in the West Midlands would qualify and a similar number in the South East. In Yorkshire and the Humber the figure is nearly 15,000 and in the North East it is nearly 8,000.

All 152 councils in England have been involved in the pilot schemes. Some are looking for reassurance that there will be funding for the new places as their grant from central government is being cut by about 25% over this parliament.

Councillor Nickie Aiken, from Westminster City Council, said: "Westminster City Council was involved in piloting this scheme and we welcome these proposals to give disadvantaged children a head-start in their education, to simplify the guidance around early years provision, and to focus on quality teaching and care to improve the outcomes for our young children.

"However, we need clarification from the government as to where these hundreds of extra nursery places are going to come from. Once the new proposals are fully rolled out, Westminster will need to provide an additional 600 free places to two-year-olds, and the practicalities of this need to be explained to local authorities."

The government is funding 15 trials in 18 local authorities to test approaches to expand free early education and look at best practice across the country.

The government says it has included an allocation for the scheme up to 2013 in its early intervention grant to councils and is consulting on how best to fund the free nursery places from then on.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 60.

    Good nursery education can bring stability to a little one whose home life is chaotic. It introduces him / her to reasonable adults on a daily basis. He / She can have mental stimulation that you do not get stuck in front of a TV set. We all benefit in the long run by bringing these kids into society.

  • rate this

    Comment number 56.

    My wife and I can only afford one child due to the high nursery fees & the need to work. Being middle-class we won't benefit from this proposal.
    However, I feel children in all walks of life should be given the chance of helpful start in early development.

    A helpful start means they will be more likely to be employed and contribute to our pensions and less likely to riot and loot.

  • rate this

    Comment number 21.

    I an so glad this scheme is being extended as the opportunities a quality setting can provide for both children and families are extremely valuable, particularly in areas of deprivation. The task is to ensure that this scheme allows the children that need it to access quality provision of all types from both the public and private sectors.

  • rate this

    Comment number 20.

    This latest stunt by the coalition is breathtaking in its cynicism. The poorest people in the country are those hardest hit by the austerity measures the government has chosen to introduce. This stunt is patronising and most people are not going to be fooled into thinking that the coalition gives a stuff about the citizens of this country, unless of course they happen to be amongst the elite rich

  • rate this

    Comment number 19.

    Total waste of money. We should not be providing any nursery free childcare. You want the children you look after them. When will these politicians of all parties stop spending? Just to promote their vote. Farming you children out at such young ages is unacceptable. Government STOP spending!


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