A greater proportion of students get As in some subjects traditionally thought academically demanding, than in subjects perceived as easier. Is that because only motivated, able students take courses like physics - or because film studies is harder than many people believe?
Non-traditional subjects like psychology have generally grown, while staples such as physics and economics declined. Recently, sciences have made a comeback and maths (not shown as data not comparable) entries are surging, but most languages continue to dwindle.
Girls have led the pass rates for well over a decade, and also get proportionately more A grades. The gender gap was at its widest in the wake of the switch to modular A-levels, but has narrowed slightly in the past few years.
Boys score proportionately more A (A and A*) grades than girls in just computing and language subjects, while girls lead even in some male-dominated subjects, such as economics, physics and PE.
It was suggested that boys might benefit from the A* reforms, which focus more on final exams, as girls are thought to peform better when assessed continually and through coursework. Girls still got proportionately more A*s overall - 8.3% to 7.9%. But at A*, boys extended their lead in further maths, chemistry, communication studies and English.