Europe: All change on Iraq
In just a few days in August everything changed. Or that is how it seems in Europe. The language of politics is different.
French President Francois Hollande said: "I believe the international situation is the worst we've seen since 2001" and the 9/11 attacks on New York.
In a matter of days, Europe's leaders have dropped the early assessment that the crisis in Iraq was principally humanitarian. The helicopter rescue missions of the Yazidis gave that impression but the reality is different.
The French president went to the heart of the matter. "We can no longer keep to the traditional debate of intervention or non-intervention," he said.
In other words, the old arguments no longer apply. Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius characterised it as a crisis for Europe not just the Middle East.
EU tackles crises in Iraq and Ukraine
EU foreign ministers meeting in Brussels have broadly welcomed moves by some European countries to provide military material to the Kurds.
The agreement only recognised reality. The French are already supplying weapons.
Eurozone crisis: The grim economic reality
Over recent weeks, the French government has been saying it would "tell the French the truth" about the economy. A new reality is dawning.
French Finance Minister Michel Sapin has spoken of Europe's "economic malaise". After another quarter of zero growth in France, he has admitted that the government's previous forecast of 1% growth this year is impossible to reach.
Ukraine conflict: EU squeezes Russia
EU ambassadors are likely today to adopt economic sanctions against Russia.
Up until now they have targeted individuals and companies for travel bans and a freeze of assets. The list has grown to 87 people and 18 entities. New names from President Vladimir Putin's inner circle are being added.
Anti-Semitism comes back to haunt Europe
It has been in the background at some of the demonstrations against Israeli actions in Gaza.
Recently, during a protest in Paris, a synagogue was attacked and there were chants of "Jews to the gas chambers". In Sarcelles they used the slogan "death to the Jews" and a kosher market was looted.
Europe's troubles exposed by MH17 crash
Ukraine exposes Europe. Its agony and tragedy casts an unrelenting gaze on Europe's leaders. When it comes to sending a convincing message to Russia there have been months of indecision, weakness and self-interest.
Even after the reported shooting down of the Malaysian airliner, Europe's foreign ministers struggled to convince. They described their decisions as "forceful" but it remains unclear how many names will be added to the list of those facing travel bans and a freeze of their assets. It is said they will include some of Russian President Vladimir Putin's cronies. We shall see.
MH17 plane crash: EU moment of decision
For months the EU has displayed extreme reluctance over tightening sanctions against Russia over Ukraine. It has preferred to take small steps - travel bans and asset freezes against individuals - rather than to go after the "inner circle"' around President Vladimir Putin.
And Europe's leaders have repeatedly shied away from what they call Level Three sanctions - going after sectors in the Russian economy.