English councils propose 'Tesco tax'


Derby and 19 other local authorities back the so-called "Tesco tax"

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A group of local councils in England is formally asking the government for new powers to tax large supermarkets.

BBC News has learned that Derby City Council has called for the right to bring in a levy as a "modest" effort to ensure supermarket spending "re-circulates" in local communities.

Some 19 other local authorities back a so-called "Tesco tax" on big retailers, which could raise up to £400m a year.

The government said additional taxes on supermarkets would push up food prices.

A similar tax already operates in Northern Ireland and Scotland.

The council has made the suggestion under the Sustainable Communities Act, which allows communities and councils to put forward ideas to government to solve local problems.

In its submission, the council says that while supermarkets bring some benefits, they have an overall detrimental impact on the sustainability of local communities.

"Research has shown that 95% of all the money spent in any large supermarket leaves the local economy for good, compared to just 50% from local independent retailers; this levy is a modest attempt to ensure more of that money re-circulates within and continues to contribute to local jobs and local trade," its report states.

'Already benefiting'

The council wants the right to impose a levy on large supermarkets, retain the money raised, and use it to help small businesses. It said it could also use the money to support community centres and parks.

The extra business rates levy, of up to 8.5%, would affect any large retail outlet with a rateable value of more than £500,000.

Four main supermarkets The tax could affect the four main supermarkets

Ranjit Banwait, leader of the council, said communities in Scotland and Northern Ireland were "already benefiting" from the scheme.

"The revenue that we'll be able to generate will mean that we can support local businesses - especially small businesses," he said.

"We'll be able to improve public services."

The government will have six months to respond. If agreed, the levy would apply not just to the 20 councils seeking change but to all local authorities in England.

And if every one of them took it up, it could cost the big supermarkets alone an extra £190m in tax.

If the levy was imposed on all big out-of-town retailers, including businesses such as Ikea, Homebase and B&Q, it could raise about £400m in total.

But the government has already given an indication of how the idea will be received.

The move would hit low-income families the hardest, said the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG).

'Powerful legacy'

"We ruled out such a bid for higher taxes under the last round of the Sustainable Communities Act proposals," it said.

"There are much better ways to support small shops."

Richmond High Street Derby City Council says high streets are suffering

However, the move has been given a cautious welcome by the former retail boss and High Street campaigner Bill Grimsey. He proposed the idea of a levy in his independent review of the High Street last year.

He called for a one-off levy on retailers and pub groups with a turnover of more than £10m to help finance plans to allow struggling town centres to rebuild themselves for the future.

Mr Grimsey said it was right that the biggest retailers put something back into their high streets:

"Used wisely, it could leave a lasting and powerful legacy. But I don't want this introduced as an annual levy that essentially becomes another tax," he said.

"If it's used simply to plug council budget shortfalls, it won't be fair and it'll be anti-business. This has to be about the High Street, not clobbering big business."

Town centre expert Mark Williams said the current rates system would be better than a supermarket levy at improving town centres.

"Ironically supermarkets are not looking to go out of town. Customers don't like them - those big starships that landed in those green areas - they are now being cancelled and we are now seeing announcements by Tesco to convert sites that they've got into residential [developments]."

Heated debate

Supporters of the move, which include Oxford, Brighton and Hove, Preston, Southwark and Sefton councils, believe the supermarkets can afford it, saying it is just a fraction of the costs that supermarkets had to swallow when VAT was raised in 2011.

But retailers are likely to strongly resist the move arguing that they are taxed enough already. They pay more in business rates, a property-based tax, than any other form of taxation and have been urging the government for a complete rethink on the system.

Councillor Ranjit Banwait on his call for a "supermarket levy"

They will also raise concerns about fresh investment and jobs being put at risk.

The British Retail Consortium has said it is consulting its members on the proposed tax.

The levy imposed by the Scottish government on larger shops selling alcohol and tobacco is set to end next year. The aim of the scheme was to make them contribute to public health measures.

It is clear Derby City Council's idea for an additional tax on retailers south of the border will spark even more heated debate.


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  • rate this

    Comment number 839.

    The Government's claimed 1 billion to help high streets does't go very far. In fact, it's just £15 per head, less than the money that disappears from communities in a single shopping basket.

    Ditch the car, walk or cycle, shop locally with the money you save, and see your cash stay within your own community, rather than the pockets of shareholders who grow rich while your town gets poorer.

  • rate this

    Comment number 116.

    Local councils should concentrate on getting a fairer deal for smaller High St shops by lobbying the government to introduce a 3% levy on turnover, not profit, instead of business rates, which are out of all proportion to takings. All that small businesses ask for is a level playing field

  • rate this

    Comment number 104.

    The problem with any tax targeting the big supermarkets is that it will push the consumer to buy more and more from the big online retailers who pay even less tax...

    Does no one notice the ironic cycle - it happened with book sellers - Waterstones & Dillons came to the high street so the small shops closed; then Borders came so high street chains closed; now Borders has closed for Amazon...

  • rate this

    Comment number 80.

    I believe that these supermarkets already pay a substantial amount of local business tax and rates as well as providing jobs that allow [eople to pay local taxes rather than claiming relief off the council. Time councils stopped being so greedy and looked at expenses and employment of researchers and other outside consultants where most work could be done in-house.

  • rate this

    Comment number 75.

    Its not unreasonable I think to ask a very large business to contribute something back to the community they are making money off. I can see the councils point of view, however the reputation of most local govt is very poor when it comes to fiscal matters. Maybe unfairly I don't know. As for putting prices up I doubt it with Aldi & Lidl pushing them even further down its just an excuse to say no.


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