Eurozone ministers discuss Spanish bank rescue

Woman walks past defaced Bankia sign in Madrid Spain's banks have lent billions of euros that they might never get back

Eurozone finance ministers have held a conference call to discuss possible loans to shore up Spain's banks.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) estimates that Spain's "vulnerable" banks need at least 40bn euros ($50bn; £32bn). But reports say the banking system could get loans of up to 100bn euros.

The Spanish economy ministry is to hold a news conference shortly.

The Eurogroup is then expected to release details of an agreement.

Spain has so far resisted pressure to ask for a bailout. Its government wants the aid to go directly to the banks.

"What we're working on at the moment is the recapitalisation of the financial entities that need it, nothing else," said Spain's Development Minister Ana Pastor.

The IMF said on Friday that a "stress test" showed that while some of Spain's financial sector was well managed, measures were needed to help those hardest hit by the property crash and recession.

"It is critical that the authorities continue to take decision action to address the weaker institutions and restore market confidence in Spanish banks," the report said.

It warned that delays would make the economic downturn worse and "damage stability more broadly".

The BBC's Tom Burridge in Madrid says it is unclear how any deal that helps the banks directly would work.

A source told the BBC that one option was a line of credit for the Spanish government, with the money coming from the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF).

Spain is keen to avoid what is seen as the humiliation and demands for stringent cuts associated with the full-blown bailouts for Greece, Portugal and Ireland.

And because Europe's fourth-biggest economy has already announced tough financial reforms, it is likely that a deal would carry fewer conditions than previous rescue packages, our correspondent says.

'Act quickly'

In an interview on Portuguese radio, European Central Bank Vice-President Vitor Constancio said: "It is expected that Spain will formulate a request for aid exclusively for banks recapitalisation.

Jean-Claude Juncker, who chairs the Eurogroup of finance ministers, said: "The solution must come quickly."

Correspondents say Spain is being urged by Brussels and Germany to act ahead of next weekend's elections in Greece, which has led to fears of a break-up of the eurozone.

Start Quote

The IMF's estimate that Spanish banks need to raise around 40bn euros of additional capital as protection against potential future losses is already out of date and too low - or so the IMF concedes”

End Quote

"If Spain feels overwhelmed by its financial needs, it should use the instruments which have been created for that," Jens Weidmann, the head of the German central bank, said in an interview with a German magazine.

Bad loans

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy has so far insisted that any decision will come after the results of two independent audits of the Spanish banking system, which are due out within two weeks.

Crisis jargon buster
Use the dropdown for easy-to-understand explanations of key financial terms:
The best credit rating that can be given to a borrower's debts, indicating that the risk of borrowing defaulting is minuscule.

The audits will produce a figure of how much money, in total, is needed to prop-up Spain's banking sector.

Banks are struggling with toxic property loans. The country's fourth-largest lender, Bankia, recently asked for a total of 23.5bn euros (£19bn) to help deal with losses on loans that cannot be repaid.

Many of them borrowed large amounts on the international markets to lend to developers and homebuyers, a riskier strategy than funding it with deposits from savings.

When the credit crunch hit and Spain's property boom collapsed, Spain's financial sector was plunged into what the IMF described as an "unprecedented" crisis.

Banks need to offload some 200,000 repossessed properties at a time when house prices have fallen by 25% on average. Some estimates have put the total amount of bad loans across the banking sector at about 180bn euros.

A downgrade of Spain's creditworthiness by rating agency Fitch earlier this week has been seen by some as adding to the urgency of shoring up Spain's finances.

European leaders have to make difficult decisions to steer the eurozone away from crisis, US President Obama said on Friday.

He said a deep new recession in Europe would have an impact on the US economy.

Greece's future in the eurozone was a matter for the Greek people, he said, but "further hardship" must be expected if the country chose to leave the euro.

Greeks will go to the polls on 17 June to try and end a political impasse that eurozone leaders say is harming Greece's ability to tackle its economic crisis.

Eurozone debt crisis bailouts

Who When How much Main problem
Greece flag


May 2010 and March 2012

110bn and 130bn euros. Private lenders also wrote off debt

Greece borrowed large amounts for public spending. The financial crisis, combined with deep-seated problems such as tax evasion, left it with massive debts

Irish flag

Republic of Ireland

November 2010

85bn euros

A property crash plunged the "Celtic Tiger" economy into recession, saddling its banks, which had leant big to developers and homebuyers, with huge losses

Portugal flag


May 2011

78bn euros

High government spending and a weak, uncompetitive, economy led to debts it could not repay


More on This Story


This entry is now closed for comments

Jump to comments pagination
  • rate this

    Comment number 431.

    To all people arguing to let the banks go bust: with 24% unemployment and 52% youth unemployment already how do you think the Spanish economy will be able to create growth if the banks are not refinanced? No cash = no loans = no growth = less employment = civil unrest. Not refinancing means this country will crash and explode, and that would mean big trouble for everybody.

  • rate this

    Comment number 428.

    Banks that can run up billions in debt don't deserve to be saved.They are trying to frighten the public into bailing them out,because the real consequences of them going bust are not nearly as bad as the hysterical media would have us believe.- they don't lend money to business any more,so,not needed there,savings guaranteed by governments -so let them go bust..

  • rate this

    Comment number 427.

    We may not like it but we have to save these banks, the have investments in mortgages, debts in other countries and even the government; the situation would be worse if we didn't.
    I dispute all debt is bad; for the 90 of the past 100 years the UK has been in debt. The NHS and welfare state was built on debt. Stimulants cost money and stimulants do, eventually work. In socialist societies anyway.

  • rate this

    Comment number 405.

    The reason the European community is failing is because the countries are not close enough. A deep commitment like this needs more self-sacrifice. When you are a partner you cannot just do what you want. You can't have your own identity and free-will when you are commited to a relationship

    The walls must come down for Europe to work, Greeks must have the same access to Germany as Germans do.

  • rate this

    Comment number 333.

    Once again banks are bailed out because they are too big to fail.
    These banks should be allowed to fail as any other bad business would.
    EU funds should then be used to compensate account holders at these banks, and the mortgages they hold should be sold as part of liquidation. Thus the institution is penalised for its behaviour not the general public.


Comments 5 of 15


More Business stories



Try our new site and tell us what you think. Learn more
Take me there

Copyright © 2015 BBC. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Read more.

This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so.