Euro crisis: How a Greek euro exit could affect you
- 17 May 2012
- From the section Business
The governor of the Bank of England, Sir Mervyn King, says that the UK will not escape unscathed from the crisis in the eurozone.
There is the "risk of a storm heading our way from the continent", the governor says.
Meanwhile, UK Prime Minister David Cameron says that now is the time for the eurozone to "make up or it is looking at a potential break-up".
In Greece, fresh elections have been called as debate rages about its financial position. European leaders say they will cut off funding for the country if it rejects the bailout agreed in March.
This would mean effective bankruptcy for Greece and a likely exit from the euro, analysts say.
So, as the euro weakens against the pound and the dollar, and Greece faces a return to the drachma, what does this mean for people in the UK?
Who is at most risk of being buffeted by the eurozone storm?
The traveller to Greece
The Association of British Travel Agents (Abta) says around 5% of the 36 million holidays taken by the British abroad are to Greece and its islands.
At present, they spend in euros. If Greece left the euro, and adopted the drachma again, it is likely that visitors on holiday will see their money go much further.
That is because the process of leaving the currency will almost certainly involve a simultaneous devaluation of the new currency against the pound.
For those still wishing to pay in euros this summer, there will still be time to judge the situation.
"If Greece does default on their payments and drop out of the eurozone, this will not happen overnight," says James Hickman, managing director of currency firm Caxton FX.
"We predict that there will be a gradual shift to the drachma, so no holidaymakers or homeowners will be stranded with unusable currency. In fact your euros would be worth a lot and there would be no reason to get rid of them."
Travellers to other eurozone countries have been seeing their pound fetching more euros in recent weeks than at any time for three years.
Mr Hickman expects that trend to continue.
"Considering that the euro will continue to depreciate - irrespective of a Greek dropout or not - there is no need to rush out to buy your holiday cash, although we always advise you get spending money before you arrive at the airport," he says.
David Kerns, private client dealing manager at Moneycorp, says that only a big change in policy from political leaders in Europe could reverse the weakening euro value against sterling.
People with money in a Greek bank
Uncertainty in Greece has led to huge withdrawals of funds from the country's banks.
Anything from €700m (£560m, $888m) to €1.2bn was taken out of banks in the days after the recent election, out of total deposits of around €160bn.
For those who still have deposits in Greece, any devalued new currency would see the value of these funds decrease, and high inflation would affect the spending power of these savings - but the question would be by how much.
Were banks in Greece to collapse, then European rules state that savers should have deposits of up to 100,000 euros protected, but this assumes that the Greek banking system and government can honour this commitment.
If UK savers were involved, then there might be the chance that the UK government would bail out those people, as it did in 2008 with UK residents who saved with the Icelandic banks - but this is by no means guaranteed.
UK expats living in Greece
As of November 2011, there were 5,410 people who lived in Greece and who received a UK state pension .
They make up about a fifth of the UK expatriates living in Greece.
These pensioners, by receiving their benefit in sterling, would see their spending power rise if a devalued new currency comes in, or even just because of the falling value of the euro against the pound.
"We are seeing some people holding money in pounds, then transferring into euros when they need it," says Mark Bodega, of currency firm HiFX.
"Some are keeping money in the UK just in case."
It is a very different story for those UK citizens who have moved to live and work in Greece and face the same uncertainties and austerity as everyone else in the country.
UK citizens who own homes in Greece
In a relatively small survey by HiFX, more UK citizens that had homes in Greece wanted to sell up than those with property in any other country.
Any exit from the euro is likely to see the value of this property fall.
Many UK people who own homes in Greece may live there during holidays and then rent them out during the rest of the year.
They face a decision on whether to keep charging this rent in euros if Greece readopts the drachma.
If they charge euros, then this would be expensive by local standards and they might struggle to find tenants. But, if they charged drachmas, then they might find this earns them very little if they convert it back into sterling or euros.
Greeks living in the UK
There are some 34,000 people living in the UK who were born in Greece, according to the Office for National Statistics .
Their financial situation depends on where their wealth is held.
For those who have assets in Greece, any euro exit could have a big effect. A new currency could be devalued by 40% to 50%, according to Mr Kerns, of Moneycorp.
However, those who own businesses or homes in the UK and sold up would be able to buy a lot more in Greece than at present.