US tax cuts: Obama signs compromise deal into law
US President Barack Obama has signed into law a compromise tax bill agreed with the Republicans, averting income tax rises for millions of Americans.
Mr Obama said the $858bn (651bn euros; £542bn) package was "real money that's going to make a real difference".
The deal also extends benefit payments for some of the longer-term unemployed for 13 months.
The bill passed over objections from House Democrats about tax breaks for wealthy Americans.
Mr Obama said compromise was needed to win Republican support. The $858bn package was passed by 277 votes to 148 in the House of Representatives.
"There probably is nobody on this floor who likes this bill," House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, a Maryland Democrat, said.
"The judgment is, is it better than doing nothing? Some of the business groups believe it will help. I hope they're right."
As tempers fray ahead of Christmas and one party grudgingly prepares to cede a measure of its authority to another, it's not necessarily easy to figure out who's winning and who's losing.
But if the noted conservative commentator Charles Krauthammer - hardly a cheerleader for Barack Obama - writes that the president's 2010 tax deal may mark the beginning of his comeback, then perhaps we need to take note.
The bill has left many in the president's own party, and some Republicans too, snarling with rage.
But the fact remains that six weeks after disastrous mid-term elections, Barack Obama seems to be reasserting his authority.
Critics on the left will argue that he's had to abandon all progressive principles to get there. They may point to the recent appearance at the White House of Bill Clinton, the Great Triangulator, as indicative of a style of compromise to come.
But if Congress scatters across the snowy continent in the coming days, having repealed Don't Ask Don't Tell and ratified the New Start treaty too, then perhaps the president will be entitled to give himself a modest pat on the back.
Under a proposal the White House crafted with Republicans and announced last week, tax cuts enacted by President George W Bush in 2001 and 2003 and set to expire this year would be extended at all levels - including for the highest-earning Americans.
In addition, inheritance taxes affecting only the wealthiest Americans would be lowered and payroll taxes would be cut for a year in a bid to spur consumer spending.
Mr Obama and his Democratic allies had vigorously opposed allowing low tax rates for wealthy Americans to continue at a time of massive budget deficits, but Senate Republicans rejected Mr Obama's preferred approach and the president said he saw no option other than compromise.
When Mr Obama announced the deal last week he said it was the only way to avoid the damage to American families and the economy that would ensue if taxes were allowed to rise and long-term unemployment benefits were not extended.
Congressman Anthony Weiner, a liberal New York Democrat, said on Friday that Republicans had out-negotiated Mr Obama, describing them as "better poker players".
As liberals in Washington have railed against the deal, some conservatives also took up opposition.
They noted the bill adds to the US budget deficit, while also objecting that the low tax rates - which have the biggest impact on the deficit - are only temporary.