What's on the end of your stick?

Ferrules Types of ferrules

Walking sticks are a great help for many disabled people, but would be largely useless without a ferrule. A what? Don't underestimate the role of the little rubber cap that sits on the end of a stick.

What is it?

It's the bung-like tip which fits on the end of a walking stick. Most are made of rubber. They grip the surface of the ground and allow you to lean your weight on your stick with confidence.

Why do you need something on the end?

If there wasn't something there, you'd know about it. You might use an attractively carved stick but, if you are a bit wobbly or have pain when you move about and need it for support rather than as a fashion accessory, it's your ferrule which lies between standing up or falling flat on your face.

Is there a wide variety of ferrules?

Yes. Kate Ansell, a stick-user with cerebral palsy, chooses to buy the kind which have bumps on the underside, even though she says they wear down very quickly.

"They give me the best cushioning and jar my body less when I'm walking down a street," she says.

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The Stick and Cane Shop's biggest seller is one with a concentric circle grip, but others exist, some with no pattern and others which are much bigger to fit a heftier walking stick. They sell about 30 a week.

Ferrules are rarely to be found for sale in UK High Streets and supermarkets, but can sometimes be found in pharmacies. Previously they were mostly made available via the NHS but in recent years several online shops have sprung up to fill the gap in the market. They can retail from about £1 and up.

Ferrules are also used on crutches and hiking poles, and the "feet" on furniture like tables and sofas - sometimes made of non-gripping metals - are also known as ferrules.

Do you need to replace them often?

Ferrules for walking sticks are mostly made of rubber so degrade with use. The consensus amongst those we spoke to is that they typically last about six months, by which time they've worn fairly thin.

Ansell always carries a spare with her and urges fellow stick-users to check them often - especially as the colder months approach, with fallen leaves then ice underfoot. "A worn-out ferrule can make for the worst kind of fall. Imagine putting all your 12st of weight on it and suddenly it doesn't work any more. You tend to land very heavily."

Are there other types of tips for white canes?

Yes - these are different to ferrules as you don't lean your body weight on them. No grip is needed, in fact the opposite is true. Blind people swoosh their canes left and right in front of them to give advanced tactile warning of obstacles. So the cane must glide easily across pavements, floor and road surfaces.

There are many available, ranging from the pear and mushroom tip through to the roller tip and marshmallow tip.

Three types of non-ferrule

All are designed to give the user a choice in the kind of information that comes back to them up the cane. Some are better on routes where you might snag the cane on uneven pavements, others work better on smooth indoor floors such as those in airports and shopping centres.

Blind people are known for tapping left and right as they walk, but in the past decade or so it's more common not to lift the cane-tip at all. It's tiring to keep on lifting and tapping because many canes are quite long and relatively heavy. Hence the invention of the roller tip, which has enabled users to roll their cane left and right without lifting.

More Ouchlets soon, and if you have any suggestions for small things that cast light on what daily life is like with a disability, please get in touch to tell us more.

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  • Comment number 71.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 70.

    "In the 3rd World many of the old people seem to be in a lot better shape than Western people."

    Except those "old people" are about 50 not 80+. Comments like that not only are incorrect but do a disservice to the hardship many people face in the 3rd world, you are very lucky to be here.

  • rate this

    Comment number 69.

    @66. KJ

    :) but this produces the idea of the same sensors on a robot dog.

    Robot guide dogs! :D super cool. But probably not able to be as smart as an actual dog at this point.

  • rate this

    Comment number 68.

    On a site mainly aimed at disabled people its not that user friendly . I have accidentally, because of swollen sore fingers, miss clicked Hangfire's post as negative !!! I whole heartily agree with his/ her comments.
    I remember the joy of paragliding which makes slipping and falling on slimy flag stones and breaking my arm because my crutches fell away all the more grating .

  • rate this

    Comment number 67.

    "It's almost as if people like to be unwell, otherwise they don't feel happy."

    Yeah right. I never understood how unhappy I was before a cage driver highsided my motorcycle, smashed my leg, arm, and fractured my skull. Of course I now realise that all that rock climbing, dancing, rugby and glider flying was sheer misery compared to hobbling with a stick and having fits.
    ! off.

  • rate this

    Comment number 66.

    How about a ferrule for a blind persons stick, which has technology similar to parking sensors in cars?

    Stick beeps or vibrates when in close proximity to objects.

    Gives the user an extra dimension of feel.

    Has this already been thought of??

  • rate this

    Comment number 65.

    There isn't really enough competition in the market for disability aids and not enough places selling them if you wish to buy your own. One place wanted to charge over £1000 for a rolling frame, got one on ebay for £50.

  • rate this

    Comment number 64.


    Perhaps a benefits officer could pop into the Lordship Arms in Benington Herts to help them see how much you can do perhaps they could spend a few days to let you let your guard down

  • rate this

    Comment number 63.

    How kind of the BBC to allow us to comment on the rubber tips of walking sticks, but not on the shameful arrest and 9-hour interrogation of David Miranda, nor on so many other important issues of the day.

  • rate this

    Comment number 62.

    To get back on topic; the ferrules also do away with the incessant tap-tap-tapping of my stick.

  • rate this

    Comment number 61.

    Thrill vermi. Not bored, just up early. Browsed thru breakfast.
    Of course there are people who are interested in these things, but look at the 60 comments there have been. Half are similar to mine the rest seem to be arguing about road tax for disability scooters.
    The BBC should dedicate a daily page to disability issues, same they do for most subjects and open those pages to discussion.

  • Comment number 60.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 59.


    In the 3rd World many of the old people seem to be in a lot better shape than Western people.

    Active, strong, fit, tough ... is pretty normal if you haven't spent your life sitting on your bottom watching TV and choosing which wheelchair you are going to buy.

    It's almost as if people like to be unwell, otherwise they don't feel happy.

  • Comment number 58.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • Comment number 57.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 56.


    You can do away with all walking sticks, all you need is a pair of WALLACES TROUSERS.


  • rate this

    Comment number 55.

    @54. Denaris. They don't pay road tax because road tax doesn't exist. It's called vehicle excise duty, and it's based on emissions. I wish drivers would stop saying people (especially cyclists) don't have rights on the road because they don't pay 'road tax'. The upkeep of roads is paid for out of general taxation.

  • rate this

    Comment number 54.

    You know what really winds me up? The current fashion accessory for the fat and lazy - mobility scooters. I even see them on the road, last time I checked they don't carry licence plates, pay road tax or hold a valid MOT certificate, not to mention insurance! They are worse than cyclists.

  • rate this

    Comment number 53.

    I go through Ferrules so quickly, i am glad that they don't cost a lot or i would have no money left. Only ever been offered the circular one, might try the other type next if they have more grip. Really useful article, miss the full Ouch! page.

  • rate this

    Comment number 52.

    I have Georgian swagger stick dated 1788 and the ferrule is made of copper and quite long.

    A guy at an antiques fair told me that Georgian ferrules tend to be longer than say Victorian ones because the roads were more dirty and muddy.

    This is a way of dating old walking sticks/ swordsticks.

    There endeth the lesson on old ferrules!


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