Free school for autistic children

Head teacher and two pupils

On the site of a former comprehensive in Reading, a new school is being built to cater for five- to 19-year-olds on the autistic spectrum. The Thames Valley School is one of the new breed of free schools in England set up to fill a local need.

Due to open next month, the school's head teacher, Fiona Veitch, is already hard at work - even though it isn't fully built.

Received wisdom in recent years has told us that mainstreaming disabled children is the best way forward. But Veitch says although regular state schools have tried hard, a specialist environment is needed to bring out the best in some pupils on the autistic spectrum.

More on the school

Thames Valley School is a free school - a collaboration between the National Autistic Society (NAS), local authorities, voluntary groups, schools and parents. The government agreed with community stakeholders that there is a need for this kind of specialist school in the area.

It is one of five free schools for children with special educational needs to open in England this September, joining three which opened in September 2012 - the latter two autism specific:

  • Rosewood School, Southampton
  • City of Peterborough Academy special school
  • Lighthouse School, Leeds

NAS has government permission to open two further free schools in September 2014, one in London and one in East Cheshire.

"Many of the children we have have been permanently excluded from one or two schools or are on really reduced timetables and go into school for an hour or two a day, so that's why it's so important we get this right.

"A lot of the children are not just a bit bright, they're very bright. But because autism gets in the way, that impacts upon their behaviour."

With autism, people can have a unique ability to concentrate and learn things that others find repetitive or mundane. Recently Vodafone and software company SAP made headlines when they announced they were to recruit people on the autism spectrum to capitalise on these desirable attributes.

"I've got a pupil coming to us who's absolutely the most knowledgeable young man in the world about pumps and all forms of plumbing - he's eight. This boy can explain ventilation, how an extractor fan is put together, how it works, he can talk to you about his plumbing system, and I believe advises plumbers on how to fix things when they are called to his home."

Veitch is keen to use these obsessions - or "specialist interests" as she prefers to call them - to give the children a vocation and help them learn.

What is a free school?

Set up by groups of parents, teachers, charities, businesses, universities, trusts, religious or voluntary groups, but funded directly by central government.

"We have a child who finds ponds really interesting and really calming," she says. "We will use that to teach him maths in terms of 'How big is the pond going to be?' Or 'How much water do we need to put in it?'"

The learning environment is built around the children, rather than expecting them to slot into a one-size-fits-all school.

Children on the spectrum find it difficult to process information fed to them by their senses. So, in an average classroom for instance, they may not know what sounds to prioritise: chatter, ticking clocks, birdsong, banging, air conditioning or the teacher's voice. It all comes through at the same intensity, as do smells and visuals.

As well as tailoring learning to the individual, the building and interior design helps dampen sensory information. When finished, it will have non-flickery lighting, muted colours and surfaces that aren't shiny or bright.

ordinary bathroom How neurotypicals see a school bathroom...
Bathroom as it appears to autistic people ... and what the autism spectrum view might be.
ordinary hall Ditto a hall...
distorted picture of hall ... and a depiction of what people on the autistic spectrum may experience.

Images created by Ann Memmott, a governor of the school who is a buildings surveyor and is herself on the spectrum. These were used to help with the design of the school. She is also an adviser to the All Party Parliamentary Group for Autism.

464 line

The ready-prepared building blocks of the school were created off-site and arrived a month ago. Construction has been underway since then, with the ambitious target of opening on 16 September.

With advice, Veitch has worked with an architect to design the school to be autism-friendly, and spends long hours each day making sure it's the best they can achieve.

"I've got an office on the building site. It's really important because it means I can see exactly what the builders are doing, that they understand what they're doing and why they're doing it," says Veitch, who has 24 years of experience in the field and has a son on the autistic spectrum.

Head teacher sits at a desk in her on-site office Veitch's office includes a sofa bed

The accessible additions to this school include a small room adjoining each classroom so children struggling with noise levels or other aspects of an overwhelming environment can work away from everyone else. The school also has "calming pods" - snugs with curved walls where light, noise and human input is very much reduced.

"The pods are a little bit bigger than I wanted them to be," says Veitch. So she consulted the site manager on how to lower the ceilings. "It will give a more enclosed feeling for children who need it at certain times during the day."

Start Quote

The ways in which autism manifests itself in girls is very, very different”

End Quote Fiona Veitch

The children won't be educated in complete isolation from non-disabled children. Thames Valley School intend to share resources and invite mainstream pupils to after-school clubs. Some pupils will also attend classes at other schools.

Funded centrally by the government, when the school opens, it will have 18 pupils - all of whom are at the more able end of the spectrum. As it grows, it will also provide a small number of places for those with more complex needs.

But of those 18 children, only two will be girls. Why the gender imbalance?

"When I worked in Kent, I had a psychologist colleague who would always say 'basically autism is extreme maleness'." Laughing at this thought, Veitch says it was a "wicked generalisation".

It's now well-known that a fascination for the stereotypically male domains of computing, engineering and maths can be indicators of autism. This has led to many more men and boys being diagnosed.

"What we're finding now is that actually there might be a lot more girls out there, but the ways in which autism manifests itself is very, very different to how it manifests itself in boys.

"Girls might get more lost in stories about princesses and fairies and that kind of imaginative world and find it more difficult to come out of that world, whereas a boy on the spectrum might be get lost in the details of things like putting cars in a line." She stresses again that these are generalisations.

One of her female pupils is currently interested in flowers, especially roses, so they plan to create a rose garden at the front of the school, and she will choose what goes in it.

The aim for Veitch and her staff of teachers, mentors, assistants, psychologists and occupational therapists is to help pupils meet the national expectation of five GCSEs or more whilst also providing strategies to cope with their autism.

"These children, some of them don't feel they belong anywhere. So what we're trying to do is provide somewhere that really is theirs," says Veitch.

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  • rate this

    Comment number 196.

    @ 191

    There is evidence that it's not vaccines, but rather the combination of vaccines with Paracetamol. We know that Paracetamol reduces the effectiveness of vaccines anyway so decreases the chance of herd immunity. One way or another, whether for Autism or to save herd immunity, the NHS has to stop recommending Paracetamol use after vaccination; the current NHS advice goes against the science

  • rate this

    Comment number 195.

    @ 194 JaneyK72

    The University of California takes this matter seriously as should all of us. A study has linked the combination of Paracetamol and Vaccines with Autism

    There's plenty of reason to believe there's a causation here, specifically Paracetamol depletes the body's glutathione

  • rate this

    Comment number 194.

    I shared the paracetamol theory with some ASD professional friends. They're still laughing.

  • rate this

    Comment number 193.

    This is the kind of social care I'm proud my taxes go towards

  • rate this

    Comment number 192.

    I wholeheartedly support the creation of schools like this. Its unfortunate, though, that governments of all parties and the educational establishment has done so much to eliminate schools that cater specifically for children with high academic ability. Are we moving to a situation of specialized schools for all types of children other than those of above average intelligence?

  • rate this

    Comment number 191.


    The initial connection between autism and vaccines was a mistake that got too much publicity. Unfortunately it has stuck in some people's minds, and so the latest idea maybe is an interaction of vaccines and paracetamol. It's just piling ignorance on top of ignorance. Autistic people need support both specialist and tolerance from the public, not daft theories about where we came from.

  • rate this

    Comment number 190.

    @189 speed_of_dark "Vaccines and paracetamol. oh please, give it up!"

    When a child's good health is at stake, it's important for doctors, nurses and parents to use the best data available. If we don't yet have that information, then detailed studies need to be funded. We can't worry about reputations here, we've got to do what's best for the children. It is immoral not to sanction these studies

  • rate this

    Comment number 189.

    FYI: a three day by and for autistics event takes place in the UK every year, for all ages.

    Check out

    Genuine autistic space, aiming to meet as many autistic needs as possible.

    (Vaccines and paracetamol. oh please, give it up!)

  • rate this

    Comment number 188.

    It's always good to read about greater provision for children with mental disabilities.

    What about the support needed NOW across the ENTIRE country, just not one town. And what's available to them when they've left school and no longer qualify for supervised support. No targeted teaching so they can live more independently.

    They're parents usually have to look after them THEIR ENTIRE LIVES.

  • rate this

    Comment number 187.


    The NHS recommends it:-

    "one dose of paracetamol may be given to babies who are two or three months old if they have a high temperature following vaccinations."

    Despite, the warnings...

  • Comment number 186.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 185.

    Oh boy, I wish I'd not read the comments here. People still believe autism is caused by vaccines? That was old hat years ago. Autism likely has a varied set of genetic causes, yet to be discovered, when it will be sub-typed into a number of syndromes rather than being such a broad catch all. In the meantime you can have two autistic people who are complete opposites. No generalisations!

  • rate this

    Comment number 184.

    I hope it's as good as it sounds :-) I'm on the autism spectrum and I can say I survived school, despite the constant sensory assault and some bullying, but I dropped out of college without support. Who knows what life would have been like if I'd been able to be educated to my intelligence level in autism-friendly environments?

  • rate this

    Comment number 183.

    I hadn't heard of this paracetamol hypothesis before. Our two daughters do react unusually to paracetamol - it increases their fevers and causes fits. So we use ibuprofen. One of them has just been found to have a chromosomal abnormality potentially affecting her immune system. So things do start to hang together a bit (their odd reactions to some foods, illnesses, vaccinations,...).

  • rate this

    Comment number 182.

    Whatever the cause there is certainly a need for this sort of school. Many with autism just can't cope with the social situation in a regular school and end up on (very variable) home schooling with limited employment prospects.

  • rate this

    Comment number 181.


    Paul Dirac, one of the founders of quantum theory, was almost certainly autistic. And I know I am, but I have a PhD and work within a research lab though I'd be the first to admit that Aspergers doesn't make it easy at times esp. as you age and everybody expects you to move up the ladder into management.

  • rate this

    Comment number 180.

    174.David Cohen
    no harm in switching to Ibuprofen during vaccines,if it make the parents feel safer than it's a good thing!
    Out of genuine interest, is there any specific reason why a child would be given Paracetamol (or Ibuprofen for that matter) after a vaccination? Fairly certain it wasn't common when growing up in the '80s.

  • rate this

    Comment number 179.


    Yesterday it was induced labour. Tomorrow it'll be plastic changing mats.

    All the while ignoring the elephant with a needle in the room.

  • rate this

    Comment number 178.


    Paracetamol isn't needed, it has no benefit to the immune system. Vaccines aren't tested with Paracetamol, so it is safer to vaccinate in the same way as in the tests performed. Paracetamol suppresses the immune system, this makes the vaccine less likely to work.

    For vaccines to be as effective and safe as possible, we should avoid Paracetamol around the time of vaccination.

  • rate this

    Comment number 177.

    There are MANY suggested causes for ASD- and bad parenting isn't the answer! Many, most of these children show up as having damage to the brain (often the corpus callosum) when a high res MRI is given, or in our case, after a few bad parenting / no such thing as autism comments from professionals, to have a genetic difference. On my MA ASD course we now say autisms as there are so many causes.


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