Free school for autistic children

Head teacher and two pupils

On the site of a former comprehensive in Reading, a new school is being built to cater for five- to 19-year-olds on the autistic spectrum. The Thames Valley School is one of the new breed of free schools in England set up to fill a local need.

Due to open next month, the school's head teacher, Fiona Veitch, is already hard at work - even though it isn't fully built.

Received wisdom in recent years has told us that mainstreaming disabled children is the best way forward. But Veitch says although regular state schools have tried hard, a specialist environment is needed to bring out the best in some pupils on the autistic spectrum.

More on the school

Thames Valley School is a free school - a collaboration between the National Autistic Society (NAS), local authorities, voluntary groups, schools and parents. The government agreed with community stakeholders that there is a need for this kind of specialist school in the area.

It is one of five free schools for children with special educational needs to open in England this September, joining three which opened in September 2012 - the latter two autism specific:

  • Rosewood School, Southampton
  • City of Peterborough Academy special school
  • Lighthouse School, Leeds

NAS has government permission to open two further free schools in September 2014, one in London and one in East Cheshire.

"Many of the children we have have been permanently excluded from one or two schools or are on really reduced timetables and go into school for an hour or two a day, so that's why it's so important we get this right.

"A lot of the children are not just a bit bright, they're very bright. But because autism gets in the way, that impacts upon their behaviour."

With autism, people can have a unique ability to concentrate and learn things that others find repetitive or mundane. Recently Vodafone and software company SAP made headlines when they announced they were to recruit people on the autism spectrum to capitalise on these desirable attributes.

"I've got a pupil coming to us who's absolutely the most knowledgeable young man in the world about pumps and all forms of plumbing - he's eight. This boy can explain ventilation, how an extractor fan is put together, how it works, he can talk to you about his plumbing system, and I believe advises plumbers on how to fix things when they are called to his home."

Veitch is keen to use these obsessions - or "specialist interests" as she prefers to call them - to give the children a vocation and help them learn.

What is a free school?

Set up by groups of parents, teachers, charities, businesses, universities, trusts, religious or voluntary groups, but funded directly by central government.

"We have a child who finds ponds really interesting and really calming," she says. "We will use that to teach him maths in terms of 'How big is the pond going to be?' Or 'How much water do we need to put in it?'"

The learning environment is built around the children, rather than expecting them to slot into a one-size-fits-all school.

Children on the spectrum find it difficult to process information fed to them by their senses. So, in an average classroom for instance, they may not know what sounds to prioritise: chatter, ticking clocks, birdsong, banging, air conditioning or the teacher's voice. It all comes through at the same intensity, as do smells and visuals.

As well as tailoring learning to the individual, the building and interior design helps dampen sensory information. When finished, it will have non-flickery lighting, muted colours and surfaces that aren't shiny or bright.

ordinary bathroom How neurotypicals see a school bathroom...
Bathroom as it appears to autistic people ... and what the autism spectrum view might be.
ordinary hall Ditto a hall...
distorted picture of hall ... and a depiction of what people on the autistic spectrum may experience.

Images created by Ann Memmott, a governor of the school who is a buildings surveyor and is herself on the spectrum. These were used to help with the design of the school. She is also an adviser to the All Party Parliamentary Group for Autism.

464 line

The ready-prepared building blocks of the school were created off-site and arrived a month ago. Construction has been underway since then, with the ambitious target of opening on 16 September.

With advice, Veitch has worked with an architect to design the school to be autism-friendly, and spends long hours each day making sure it's the best they can achieve.

"I've got an office on the building site. It's really important because it means I can see exactly what the builders are doing, that they understand what they're doing and why they're doing it," says Veitch, who has 24 years of experience in the field and has a son on the autistic spectrum.

Head teacher sits at a desk in her on-site office Veitch's office includes a sofa bed

The accessible additions to this school include a small room adjoining each classroom so children struggling with noise levels or other aspects of an overwhelming environment can work away from everyone else. The school also has "calming pods" - snugs with curved walls where light, noise and human input is very much reduced.

"The pods are a little bit bigger than I wanted them to be," says Veitch. So she consulted the site manager on how to lower the ceilings. "It will give a more enclosed feeling for children who need it at certain times during the day."

Start Quote

The ways in which autism manifests itself in girls is very, very different”

End Quote Fiona Veitch

The children won't be educated in complete isolation from non-disabled children. Thames Valley School intend to share resources and invite mainstream pupils to after-school clubs. Some pupils will also attend classes at other schools.

Funded centrally by the government, when the school opens, it will have 18 pupils - all of whom are at the more able end of the spectrum. As it grows, it will also provide a small number of places for those with more complex needs.

But of those 18 children, only two will be girls. Why the gender imbalance?

"When I worked in Kent, I had a psychologist colleague who would always say 'basically autism is extreme maleness'." Laughing at this thought, Veitch says it was a "wicked generalisation".

It's now well-known that a fascination for the stereotypically male domains of computing, engineering and maths can be indicators of autism. This has led to many more men and boys being diagnosed.

"What we're finding now is that actually there might be a lot more girls out there, but the ways in which autism manifests itself is very, very different to how it manifests itself in boys.

"Girls might get more lost in stories about princesses and fairies and that kind of imaginative world and find it more difficult to come out of that world, whereas a boy on the spectrum might be get lost in the details of things like putting cars in a line." She stresses again that these are generalisations.

One of her female pupils is currently interested in flowers, especially roses, so they plan to create a rose garden at the front of the school, and she will choose what goes in it.

The aim for Veitch and her staff of teachers, mentors, assistants, psychologists and occupational therapists is to help pupils meet the national expectation of five GCSEs or more whilst also providing strategies to cope with their autism.

"These children, some of them don't feel they belong anywhere. So what we're trying to do is provide somewhere that really is theirs," says Veitch.

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  • rate this

    Comment number 176.

    Yesterday it was induced labour. Tomorrow it'll be plastic changing mats.

  • rate this

    Comment number 175.

    David, they said the same about the MMR and a few months ago because of the drop in uptake many children had to be vaccinated because of a measles epidemic.
    It is impossible to avoid having an ASD child while so much about it is unknown and considering that 'survey/study' is over 5yrs old do you not think if it was legitimate there would be more widespread concern than just that article?

  • rate this

    Comment number 174.


    A patient survey is a form of study, that is why they start by saying "The present study...".

    This is not just a random correlation, there's plenty of reason to suspect a causation as explained in this review

    There's no harm in switching to Ibuprofen during vaccines, if it make the parents feel safer than it's a good thing!

  • rate this

    Comment number 173.

    @172 that is a patient survey not an actual study and shouldn't be touted as such. The questions/results are subject to interpretation and you are relying on parents being wholly subjective about their child. They could run a survey asking parents of ASD kids if they ate cereal the morning of their vaccine and of course that would show a high number doing so, would that mean cereal is to blame?

  • rate this

    Comment number 172.

    Matt K,

    Autism is a major, peer-reviewed, international journal, this is a study from the University of California San Diego linking the combination of Paracetamol and Vaccines with Regressive Autism.

    Please stop trying to censor this information, it's not advising against vaccines just against using Paracetamol at the same time.

  • rate this

    Comment number 171.

    @170 Absolute tosh ! Google that nonsense and you will find no legitimate source for those claims. It is hard enough for most parents of ASD kids to come to terms with the how and the why without people claiming wrongly its x,y and z responsible.
    Go read up from the National Autistic Society website and get yourself a proper education about ASD !

  • Comment number 170.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 169.

    Most complex characteristics of humans are distributed according to a bell curve. We are all on this spectrum somewhere. This labelling is about the people in the tail, and traditionally the 1% mark is where people start talking about "abnormal" and producing fancy labels. All children need to be regarded as individuals but it is difficult for a single teacher with a class of 30 to do so.

  • rate this

    Comment number 168.

    @132 and 163
    First off, I'd rather be behind the times and have a less exhausting/challenging/worrying life than have a 'trendy' ASD child.
    Secondly, my son who is ASD never had the MMR until after his diagnosis so I could tell people like you that you are clueless. I have 4 kids, 1 mild Aspie and 1 moderate autistic, 2 NT.....all 4 had MMR, didn't use ibuprofen/paracetamol. Next claim please ?

  • rate this

    Comment number 167.

    Emotional? Posting links to a psuedo science study from an unkown "alternative medicine" web page is panic mongering. Can the BBC remove that content he posted and put my post back please as I am entirely correct in my observations and I will not be slienced by a troll spreading lies to the public!

  • Comment number 166.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 165.

    132.Dr Simba
    This is what happens when its trendy to have a "special " child


    Two of my children have a dx of mod/mid functioning ASD.

    Every single day is a challenge. Every day we search for improvement. Every day we worry about what will happen to them when we die. I'd give up my LIFE to rid them of this curse.

    And you call this TRENDY?

    If you are a Doctor, then get a new job.

  • Comment number 164.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this

    Comment number 163.

    They'll be needing a lot more schools like this until they stop recommending for children to receive Paracetamol at the same time as the jabs, if they have Ibuprofen they're fine, studies show it's only the ones who have Paracetamol at the same time as the jabs who are then at risk of regressing into Autism. This is because the Paracetamol prevents the liver from detoxifying the child's body.

  • rate this

    Comment number 162.

    How many of these kids are just a product of poor parenting?

    I've actually spent several minutes trying to answer this. However, I can't say what needs to be said to express my anger and contempt at you without being moderated.

    Autism is real and heartbreakingly difficult for the whole family. You should give daily thanks that your children haven't got it.

  • rate this

    Comment number 161.

    I've worked in care before so I understand a little bit about Autism and I can almost categorically say that mainstream schools are terrible at handling people with Autism. This country needs more facilities for people with disabilities, people with Autism get treated like OAPs in 99% of situations. I wish I could have been involved with this project!

  • rate this

    Comment number 160.

    156. Thanks. I accept what you say in general. But it is undeniably the case that our two daughters do react very badly to both gluten and dairy. Indeed the second one never slept more than about 30 minutes at a time until we started her on gluten and dairy-free when she was 4. The trouble with ASD is its causes are probably multiple, and different for different people.

  • rate this

    Comment number 159.

    There are many children mislabelled just because of lack of concentration, disruptive when bored and are hyperactive. There isn't an immediate and definitive diagnosis for ASD but a process to observe the child if they exhibit certain characteristics for a given period of time. #147 how do mass immigration has anything to do with autism? It's the same as blaming vaccine for the disorder.

  • rate this

    Comment number 158.

    i agree with #154 - i used to work at Thomas Bewick school in Newcastle - this was a local authority school for children with autism like this, what a treasure! mainstream was no place for these children who needed specialist care, they had soft play, secure access etc.. this is excellent but its not new, or news!

  • rate this

    Comment number 157.

    I wish people would realise that recent rises in the rates of certain conditions can often be largely accounted for by greater awareness and increased diagnosis. One example is type II diabetes, where more testing has led to something which was historically under-reported now being misrepresented as a sudden epidemic. Surely better to understand illness than for the media to panic about stats?


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