Free school for autistic children

 
Head teacher and two pupils

On the site of a former comprehensive in Reading, a new school is being built to cater for five- to 19-year-olds on the autistic spectrum. The Thames Valley School is one of the new breed of free schools in England set up to fill a local need.

Due to open next month, the school's head teacher, Fiona Veitch, is already hard at work - even though it isn't fully built.

Received wisdom in recent years has told us that mainstreaming disabled children is the best way forward. But Veitch says although regular state schools have tried hard, a specialist environment is needed to bring out the best in some pupils on the autistic spectrum.

More on the school

Thames Valley School is a free school - a collaboration between the National Autistic Society (NAS), local authorities, voluntary groups, schools and parents. The government agreed with community stakeholders that there is a need for this kind of specialist school in the area.

It is one of five free schools for children with special educational needs to open in England this September, joining three which opened in September 2012 - the latter two autism specific:

  • Rosewood School, Southampton
  • City of Peterborough Academy special school
  • Lighthouse School, Leeds

NAS has government permission to open two further free schools in September 2014, one in London and one in East Cheshire.

"Many of the children we have have been permanently excluded from one or two schools or are on really reduced timetables and go into school for an hour or two a day, so that's why it's so important we get this right.

"A lot of the children are not just a bit bright, they're very bright. But because autism gets in the way, that impacts upon their behaviour."

With autism, people can have a unique ability to concentrate and learn things that others find repetitive or mundane. Recently Vodafone and software company SAP made headlines when they announced they were to recruit people on the autism spectrum to capitalise on these desirable attributes.

"I've got a pupil coming to us who's absolutely the most knowledgeable young man in the world about pumps and all forms of plumbing - he's eight. This boy can explain ventilation, how an extractor fan is put together, how it works, he can talk to you about his plumbing system, and I believe advises plumbers on how to fix things when they are called to his home."

Veitch is keen to use these obsessions - or "specialist interests" as she prefers to call them - to give the children a vocation and help them learn.

What is a free school?

Set up by groups of parents, teachers, charities, businesses, universities, trusts, religious or voluntary groups, but funded directly by central government.

"We have a child who finds ponds really interesting and really calming," she says. "We will use that to teach him maths in terms of 'How big is the pond going to be?' Or 'How much water do we need to put in it?'"

The learning environment is built around the children, rather than expecting them to slot into a one-size-fits-all school.

Children on the spectrum find it difficult to process information fed to them by their senses. So, in an average classroom for instance, they may not know what sounds to prioritise: chatter, ticking clocks, birdsong, banging, air conditioning or the teacher's voice. It all comes through at the same intensity, as do smells and visuals.

As well as tailoring learning to the individual, the building and interior design helps dampen sensory information. When finished, it will have non-flickery lighting, muted colours and surfaces that aren't shiny or bright.

ordinary bathroom How neurotypicals see a school bathroom...
Bathroom as it appears to autistic people ... and what the autism spectrum view might be.
ordinary hall Ditto a hall...
distorted picture of hall ... and a depiction of what people on the autistic spectrum may experience.

Images created by Ann Memmott, a governor of the school who is a buildings surveyor and is herself on the spectrum. These were used to help with the design of the school. She is also an adviser to the All Party Parliamentary Group for Autism.

464 line

The ready-prepared building blocks of the school were created off-site and arrived a month ago. Construction has been underway since then, with the ambitious target of opening on 16 September.

With advice, Veitch has worked with an architect to design the school to be autism-friendly, and spends long hours each day making sure it's the best they can achieve.

"I've got an office on the building site. It's really important because it means I can see exactly what the builders are doing, that they understand what they're doing and why they're doing it," says Veitch, who has 24 years of experience in the field and has a son on the autistic spectrum.

Head teacher sits at a desk in her on-site office Veitch's office includes a sofa bed

The accessible additions to this school include a small room adjoining each classroom so children struggling with noise levels or other aspects of an overwhelming environment can work away from everyone else. The school also has "calming pods" - snugs with curved walls where light, noise and human input is very much reduced.

"The pods are a little bit bigger than I wanted them to be," says Veitch. So she consulted the site manager on how to lower the ceilings. "It will give a more enclosed feeling for children who need it at certain times during the day."

Start Quote

The ways in which autism manifests itself in girls is very, very different”

End Quote Fiona Veitch

The children won't be educated in complete isolation from non-disabled children. Thames Valley School intend to share resources and invite mainstream pupils to after-school clubs. Some pupils will also attend classes at other schools.

Funded centrally by the government, when the school opens, it will have 18 pupils - all of whom are at the more able end of the spectrum. As it grows, it will also provide a small number of places for those with more complex needs.

But of those 18 children, only two will be girls. Why the gender imbalance?

"When I worked in Kent, I had a psychologist colleague who would always say 'basically autism is extreme maleness'." Laughing at this thought, Veitch says it was a "wicked generalisation".

It's now well-known that a fascination for the stereotypically male domains of computing, engineering and maths can be indicators of autism. This has led to many more men and boys being diagnosed.

"What we're finding now is that actually there might be a lot more girls out there, but the ways in which autism manifests itself is very, very different to how it manifests itself in boys.

"Girls might get more lost in stories about princesses and fairies and that kind of imaginative world and find it more difficult to come out of that world, whereas a boy on the spectrum might be get lost in the details of things like putting cars in a line." She stresses again that these are generalisations.

One of her female pupils is currently interested in flowers, especially roses, so they plan to create a rose garden at the front of the school, and she will choose what goes in it.

The aim for Veitch and her staff of teachers, mentors, assistants, psychologists and occupational therapists is to help pupils meet the national expectation of five GCSEs or more whilst also providing strategies to cope with their autism.

"These children, some of them don't feel they belong anywhere. So what we're trying to do is provide somewhere that really is theirs," says Veitch.

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  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 16.

    Diagnosis of children on the spectrum continues to grow year on year.
    Funding remains the same or decreases.
    Fantastic Schoolprojects like this are a drop in the ocean, most spectrum kids struggle in mainstream that is vastly under resourced living a painful experience that should be fun.

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 15.

    Great idea. I have said for years...teach flexibly and creatively. Could mainstream school do it? No. Home educated instead ASD boy and girl. Both super bright but sensitive to all things described in the article. Doing brilliantly at FE now. Re-socialising (@comment 6), mine attract like minds, other aspies and kind people who will tolerate them- too many mainstreamers demean and point score.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 14.

    "Free school for autistic children"

    People should receive all the help they need but there is no such thing as a free school. Let's hope our money benefits those concerned.

  • rate this
    +6

    Comment number 13.

    8.mrcynict4



    Rightly so - think of it this way, Being part of a minority would not disadvantage anyone in life (the disadvantage being why they need extra help.....) if the majority (people with match the "normal" profile) did not discriminate against anyone with any sort of difference.......

  • rate this
    +9

    Comment number 12.

    One of the w cases where a specialist free school is justified. Good luck to all concerned.

  • rate this
    +19

    Comment number 11.

    surely this is the right of every child? Education should be about bringing out the best in everyone not putting square pegs in round holes. Education is the first building block to a civilised society. If we focused more on the individual than league tables there would be far fewer problem later in life. Everyone needs to be valued but also know their responsibilities in society

  • rate this
    -28

    Comment number 10.

    Candidly, if more money was spent on pushing our most able children we could all look forward to brighter future. I certainly don't remember all this sort of thing when I was a child growing up in the 1950's. We just got on with life without all the fuzzy, caring cotton wool world that is today.

  • rate this
    +1

    Comment number 9.

    This is an excellent idea and I am sure it will be successful. It will help the autistic integrate by encouragement rather than berating.

    If you want more money spent on your kids why don't you go out and fund-raise instead of expecting someone else to sort it?

  • rate this
    -20

    Comment number 8.

    I am afraid one has to be part of a peceived "minority" to get any help or input these days. In an perverse way the majority is becoming a minority.

  • Comment number 7.

    This comment was removed because the moderators found it broke the house rules. Explain.

  • rate this
    +30

    Comment number 6.

    to 3. stonycreek

    As the article says,autistic spectrum children often do not thrive in normal school environments and can be very difficult and disruptive. However,they are often quite intelligent. To do well in later life,they need specialist help. I can't see why you object to this. Do you want us to ignore them and their potential so that extra money can be spent on ordinary children?

  • Comment number 5.

    All this user's posts have been removed.Why?

  • rate this
    +7

    Comment number 4.

    What a fantastic idea. My son has mild Asperger's, and I believe I do too, though I was never diagnosed. But regardless of any condition a child may have, the idea of schooling that caters to a child's strengths, instead of churning out thousands of little clones/drones destined just to be worker bees (or non-worker bees, in today's economy) is definitely a step forward for education.

  • rate this
    -14

    Comment number 3.

    Isn't this just creating more divisions in society?
    There is only so much money to go round, what about the middle of the road childen who are overlooked as they have no 'disability' to gain them extra support?

  • rate this
    +5

    Comment number 2.

    This is a great idea. More schools tailored to those who need it the most. We have a school behind our house which is threatened with closure because of lack of pupils. But it deals with kids who have a challenged background, and gives them more individual tuition. However because it's classed as a general secondary school it's going to close. Not the best solution for the kids.

  • rate this
    +6

    Comment number 1.

    Such schools specifically for ASD children are exactly what the UK needs, because we need to find the next geniuses in our society, and there is a high probability that such geniuses will be on the ASD spectrum. Having specialist schools that can understand and bring out the best in these young people is a positively brilliant move. Is the free school route the only option go achieve this though?

 

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